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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Memphis, capture of (search)
derate flotilla under Capt. J. S. Hollins and 3,000 troops under Gen. Jeff. M. Thompson, who occupied a military work on the bluffs, called Fort Pillow, then in command of General Villepigue, an accomplished engineer. On April 14, 1862, Foote began a siege of Fort Pillow with his mortar-boats, and soon drove Hollins to the shelter of that work. Pope, whose troops had landed on the Arkansas shore, was unable to co-operate, because the country was flooded, and being soon called by Halleck to Shiloh, Foote was. left to operate alone. He was finally compelled to turn over the command to Capt. C. H. Davis on account of the painfulness of a wound he had received at Fort Donelson. On May 10 Hollins attacked Davis, but was repulsed, notwithstanding he was aided by the heavy guns of Fort Pillow. For more than a fortnight afterwards the belligerent fleets watched each other, when a ram squadron, commanded by Col. Charles Ellet, Jr., joined Davis's flotilla and prepared to attack Hollins. T
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rains, Gabriel James 1803-1881 (search)
Rains, Gabriel James 1803-1881 Military officer; born in Craven county, N. C., in June, 1803; graduated at West Point in 1827; served with distinction in the Seminole War, in which he was severely wounded, and was brevetted major for gallantry. In 1855 he was brigadier-general of volunteers in Washington Territory, and was lieutenant-colonel in the National army in the summer of 1861, when he resigned and became a brigadier-general of the Confederate army. In the battle of Wilson's Creek (q. v.) he led the advance division. He also commanded a division in the battles at Shiloh and Perryville. He died in Aiken, S. C., Sept. 6, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rains, James Edward 1833- (search)
Rains, James Edward 1833- Military officer; born in Nashville, Tenn., April 10, 1833; was a stanch Union man before the war, and, at one time, edited the Daily Republican banner, at Nashville. He was also attorney-general of the State, but resigned, joined the Confederate army, and was for a time in command at Cumberland Gap. He was a brigadier-general; acted with bravery in the battles of Shiloh and Perryville, and was killed in the battle of Stone River, near Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rousseau, Lovell Harrison 1818- (search)
st Mexico. Settling at Louisville in 1849, he soon took a high place as a criminal lawyer. He was a member of the Kentucky Senate in 1860, and took a decided stand for the Union. At the outbreak of the Civil War he raised two regiments, but was obliged to encamp on the Ohio side of the river, where he established Camp Joe Holt. In September (1861) he crossed the river to protect Louisville, and in October was made brigadier-general of volunteers. With a part of Buell's army he fought at Shiloh and took a conspicuous part in the battle of Perryville, for which he was promoted major-general of volunteers. He was also conspicuous in the battle at Stone River; was in the campaign in northern Georgia, in 1863, and fought at Chickamauga; commanded the District of Tennessee in 1864; and made a famous raid into Alabama. In 1865-67 he was in Congress. In the latter year he was commissioned a brigadier-general and assigned to duty in Alaska as its first American governor. He afterwards
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sherman, William Tecumseh 1820-1829 (search)
ackson to Bridgeport, and passage of that stream; his securing Walnut Hill, on May 18, and thus opening communication with our supplies—all attest his great merits as a soldier. The siege of Vicksburg, the last capture of Jackson, and the dispersion of Johnston's army, entitle General Sherman to more credit than it usually falls to the lot of one man to earn. General McPherson has been with me in every battle since the commencement of the rebellion, except Belmont. At Henry, Donelson, Shiloh, and the siege of Corinth, as a staff officer and engineer, his services were conspicuous and highly meritorious. At the second battle of Corinth his skill as a soldier was displayed in successfully carrying reinforcements to the besieged garrison when the enemy was between him and the point to be reached. In the advance through central Mississippi, last November and December, General McPherson commanded one wing of the army with all the ability possible to show, he having the lead in adva
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shiloh, battle of (search)
Shiloh, battle of After the capture of Fort Donelson in 1862, General Grant prepared to push towards Corinth, an important position at the intersection of the Charleston and Memphis, Mobile and Ohio railways. Possession of that point would give the National troops control of the great railway communications between the Mississippi and the East, and the border slave-labor States and the Gulf of Mexico. Passing up the Tennessee River, the main body of Grant's troops were encamped, at the beginning of April, between Pittsburgh Landing, on that stream, and Shiloh Map of the Shiloh campaign. Meeting-house, in the forest, 2 miles from the river bank. General Beauregard, under the supreme command of Gen. A, Sidney Johnston, was straining every nerve to resist this movement. He confronted the Nationals near Shiloh Meeting-house, where he was assisted by Generals Pope, Hardee, Bragg, and Breckinridge. With these expert leaders the Confederates had come up from Corinth in a heavy
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Smith, John Eugene 1816-1897 (search)
Smith, John Eugene 1816-1897 Military officer; born in Berne, Switzerland, Aug. 3, 1816; removed to Philadelphia, where he was educated; then settled in Illinois; was aide-de-camp to Governor Yates when the Civil War began; became colonel of the 45th Illinois Volunteers in July, 1861, and served well at Forts Henry and Donelson, and in the battles of Shiloh and Corinth. In November he was made brigadier-general of volunteers; in 1862 he commanded a division in the 16th Army Corps, and was in all the operations against Vicksburg in 1863. He was afterwards in the battles near Chattanooga, and in 1864 was in the Atlanta campaign under Sherman, also in his subsequent campaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas to the surrender of Johnston. He was brevetted major-general, in 1867, and retired in 1881. He died in Chicago, Ill.. Jan. 29, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Smith, Morgan Lewis 1822-1874 (search)
isted in the United States army as a private in 1846; rose to the rank of sergeant; resigned and engaged in the steamboat business. At the outbreak of the Civil War he re-entered the service; raised the 8th Missouri Regiment, whose members were bound by an oath never to surrender, and was chosen its colonel in 1861; brevetted brigadiergeneral, United States volunteers, in 1862. He fought at Fort Henry, Fort Donelson (where he made his famous charge up the hill in face of the enemy's fire), Shiloh, Corinth, Missionary Ridge, the Atlanta campaign, etc. Was dangerously wounded at Chickasaw Bayou. During his disability Gen. W. T. Sherman wrote him, under date of May 25, 1863: No man would prefer more than I to send you first into Vicksburg, but as things now stand you must be content to have the honor in your family, and I hope Giles Smith will be the first to lead his brigade across that cursed ditch and parapet. Was temporarily in command of the 15th Army Corps. After the war he bec
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Swain, David Gaskill 1834-1897 (search)
Swain, David Gaskill 1834-1897 Military officer; born in Salem, O., Dec. 22, 1834; educated at Salem Academy; admitted to the bar and began practice in Salem in 1858. When the Civil War broke out he entered the National army, and was commissioned second lieutenant. He fought in the battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, and Perryville, and was brevetted major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel of volunteers, and major and lieutenant-colonel United States army for distinguished services. In 1884 was involved in sensational proceedings and was courtmartialled and suspended for twelve years. In 1894 the President remitted the remainder of his period of suspension and he was retired. Subsequently the Supreme Court, on appeal, decided against his claim for salary during his suspension. He died in Washington, D. C., Aug. 17, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sweeny, Thomas William 1820-1892 (search)
Sweeny, Thomas William 1820-1892 Military officer; born in Cork, Ireland, Dec. 25, 1820; served in the war against Mexico, in which he lost an arm. In May, 1861, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, and was distinguished at Wilson's Creek, where he was severely wounded. In January, 1862, he was colonel of the 52d Illinois Volunteers, and was engaged in the battles at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, and Iuka Springs. He became brigadier-general again late in 1862, and in the Atlanta campaign commanded a division, distinguishing himself in several of the battles. The city of New York gave him a silver medal for his services in the war with Mexico, and the city of Brooklyn gave him one for his services in the Civil War. In May, 1870, he was retired with the rank of brigadiergeneral, United States army. He died in Astoria, N. Y., April 10, 1892.
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