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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania. (search)
were moving north. Ewell's corps was to move in advance to Culpeper Court House, mine to follow, and the cavalry was to move along on our right flank to the east of us. Thus, by threatening his rear we could draw Hooker from his position on Stafford Heights opposite Fredericksburg. Our movements at the beginning of the campaign were necessarily slow in order that we might be sure of having the proper effect on Hooker. Ewell was started off to the valley of Virginia to cross the mountains anat Winchester, and passed through Martinsburg and Williamsport into Maryland. As I moved along the eastern slope of the Blue Ridge we heard from day to day of the movements of Hooker's army, and that he had finally abandoned his position on Stafford Heights, and was moving up the Potomac in the direction of Washington. Upon receipt of that information, A. P. Hill was ordered to draw off from Fredericksburg and follow the movements of General Ewell, but to cross the Potomac at Shepherdstown. W
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
thus divided. Preparations for forcing the passage of the Rappahannock were made accordingly. The topgraphy of the river shores favored the enterprise, for Stafford Heights, where the Nationals lay, were close to its banks, and commanded the plain on which the city stands, while the heights on which Lee's batteries were planted e the construction of the bridges but the Mississippi sharp-shooters in the city. Every thing was in readiness on the 10th of December. During that night Stafford Heights, under the direction of General Hunt, chief of artillery, were dotted by twenty-nine batteries containing one hundred and forty-seven guns, so arranged that hile these remained in the town, and only artillery might effect their expulsion. So, at about ten o'clock in the morning, Burnside ordered the batteries on Stafford Heights to open upon the city, and batter it down, if necessary. The response to that order was terrific. More than a hundred guns fired fifty rounds each before t
— a movement I never could satisfactorily account for, and which proved unfortunate, since it allowed General Hooker, who had superseded Burnside the latter part of April, to cross the Rappahannock and attack General Lee in the absence of one-half of his Army. The transcendent genius of Stone-wall, by which he executed one of his most brilliant moves to the rear of the assailants, once more thwarted the Federal Commander, who was hurled back beyond the Rappahannock to seek refuge upon Stafford Heights. But alas! at a terrible sacrifice, an irreparable loss to the Confederacy: the immortal Jackson. I had received information of Hooker's anticipated advance, and was most anxious to rejoin my old'chief, General Lee. Never did I so long to be with him as in this instance, and I even proceeded so far as to apply for permission to move with my division to his support. The request, however, was not granted. Longstreet, after receiving the order to join General Lee, made every effo
ia, in front of Washington, occupying various important outposts in the vicinity of Centreville. In December, it marched to Fredericksburg in support of Burnside, but was not present at the battle, after which it went into winter-quarters at Stafford, Va. General Sigel having asked to be relieved, General O. O. Howard was appointed in his place. General Howard commanded the corps at Chancellorsville, May 1--3, 1863, at which time it numbered 12, 169 effectives, and was composed of the divisliant reputation by his services on the Peninsula, and at the successful storming of Crampton's Gap. The Twelfth Corps remained in the vicinity of Harper's Ferry until December, when it moved into Virginia, and made its winter-quarters at Stafford Court House. The brunt of the battle of Chancellorsville fell on the Third and Twelfth Corps; and yet amid all the rout and confusion of that disastrous battle the regiments of the Twelfth Corps moved steadily with unbroken fronts, retiring at the
2 31 10 43 North Anna, and Totopotomoy, Va. 2 8   10   Totals 129 376 161 666 Present, also, at Stafford Court House; Glendale; Chantilly; Cold Harbor; Petersburg. notes.--Recruited in New York City, and musterd into service Junn Virginia, encamped near Centreville, during McClellan's Antietam campaign, and then went into winter-quarters at Stafford Court House. On the 27th of April it broke camp for Chancellorsville, the brigade being then in Devens's (1st) Division, Elevafter to the Eleventh Corps, remained encamped in Virginia during the next eight months, making its winter-quarters near Stafford. At Chancellorsville, it fought in Krzyzanowski's (2d) Brigade, Schurz's (3d) Division, Eleventh Corps, losing 8 killedgned to Schimmelfennig's (1st) Brigade, Schurz's (3d) Division, Eleventh Corps, and went into winter quarters near Stafford Court House. It was under fire, for the first time, at Chancellorsville, where Schurz's Division made a gallant attempt to re
dings of the common law, with the right of appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States--provisions that open the Territories to every citizen of the Union who may choose to carry his slaves thither. The Black Republicans, as my friend from Stafford so delights, with peculiar emphasis, to call them, have themselves surrendered, given up, the Wilmot Proviso. And had the Cotton States remained in the Union, could this Black Republican party, with its minority of twenty-one in one house and et is easy to show it. If I am wrong, let my colleagues here set me right; and lest, perhaps, I may be in error, I ask them, one and all — I appeal to you, Mr. Speaker, to the gentleman from Madison, Gen. Kemper, to my ardent disunion friend from Stafford, Mr. Seddon, to all the confessed secessionists in this body, and to all such outside of this body, to put their finger on one Federal law in the least degree infringing the constitutional rights of the South. If it exist, let me see it, that I
Capt. Ward was killed at Matthias' Point by James Sthreshly, of Stafford, Va. Young Sthreshly was armed with a Sharpe's rifle, and was a little nearer to the Freeborn than the main body of soldiers. He took deliberate aim at a distance estimated at between 400 and 700 yards.--Baltimore American, July 10,
smoothly along, breaking through only in lowland places. We had not marched very far before the serene stillness of the morning was broken by the roar of cannon which told us there was work ahead. Just at the break of day we descended from Stafford Heights into the valley of the Rappahannock, which was overhung by a dense fog. We slowly approached the river about two miles below Fredericksburgh City, where the engineers were hard at work in throwing across the stream two pontoon-bridges. Densields on the south bank were swarming with Union soldiers drawn in line of battle. Hooker's and Franklin's grand divisions crossed below the city. The rebels occasionally opened their batteries from the mountain, to which ours replied from Stafford Heights on the other side. The musket-firing between skirmishers at times was very brisk. The day was mostly spent, however, in getting our mien in position and seeking out the strongholds of the enemy. One man of our regiment in the afternoon wa
ommenced to throw three bridges over the Rappahannock--two at Fredericksburgh, and the third about a mile and a quarter below, near the mouth of the Deep Run. The plan on which Fredericksburgh stands is so completely commanded by the hills of Stafford, in possession of the enemy, that no effectual opposition could be offered to the construction of the bridges or the passage of the river, without exposing our troops to the destructive fire of his numerous batteries. Positions were, therefore,tremendous. The air was resonant with the savage music of shells and solid shot. The white smoke-wreaths of exploding shells were everywhere visible among the trees of the forest, which hid our forces in the valley and away beyond the river in Stafford. Lines of ambulances could be seen bearing off the wounded of both armies, but there was nothing by which to judge that the advantage rested with either side. At noon the fog had cleared away, but there was a thick haze in the atmosphere. A
H. Hill's division his reserve. His artillery was distributed along his line in the most eligible positions so as to command the open ground in front. General Stuart, with two brigades of cavalry and his horse artillery, occupied the plain on Jackson's right, extending to Massaponax creek. On the morning of the thirteenth, the plain on which the Federal army lay was still enveloped in fog, making it impossible to discern its operations. At an early hour the batteries on the heights of Stafford began to play upon Longstreet's position. Shortly after nine A. M., the partial rising of the mist disclosed a large force moving in line of battle against Jackson. Dense masses appeared in front of A. P. Hill, stretching far up the river, in the direction of Fredericksburgh. As they advanced, Major Pelham, of Stuart's horse artillery, who was stationed near the Port Royal road with one section, opened a rapid and well-directed enfilade fire, which arrested their progress. Four batterie
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