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63. your Excellency: I have the honor herewith to transmit to you a brief statement of the movements of this regiment since leaving Falmouth, Va. On Sunday evening, June fourteenth, we struck tents, and moved about five miles towards Stafford Court House, when we were ordered back on picket, at Sedgewick's Crossing, below Falmouth. At three o'clock of the morning of the fifteenth, we were withdrawn, and moved again towards Stafford Court House, our corps forming the rear guard of the armyStafford Court House, our corps forming the rear guard of the army. We reached Acquia Creek, near Dumfries, that night--twenty-eight miles; and on the next day marched to Occoquan--sixteen miles farther. On the seventeenth we marched to Fairfax Station, and on the nineteenth to Centreville. Up to this, the weather had been very hot, and the men suffered severely from the hard marching. On the twentieth we were detailed to guard the train, and marched in a severe rain to Gainesville, reaching that place after midnight. On the next day we went to Thoroughf
Medford, 1816; m., 1820, Mary Ann D. Tainter, dau. of Elisha L. Tainter, and had--  1-2Mary Ann.  3Franklin W., d. s. p.  4Sarah F., d. s. p.  5John Henry, d. s. p.  6Emily. Cradock, Mathew, the founder of Medford, was descended from an old English family, whose pedigree is printed in the N. E. His. and Gen. Register for April, 1855. An abstract is here given:-- John Cradock, living 1446. He fled to France for killing a man; but, receiving a pardon, returned and settled at Stafford, where he m. Jane, dau. of Richard Needham, of Dorrington. His son John d. 11 Ed. IV. (1471), and had by wife — dau. of R. Middleton — Richard Cradock, merchant of the Staple, who d. in London, 1500. He m. Alice, dau. of John Dorrington, and had, inter alios, Thomas, who d. 1530. This Thomas was father of Thomas, who m. Emma, dau. of Nicholas Meverall, and had William of Caermarthen, 1597. William m. Timothea, dau. of M. Wotten, and had, with others, Francis, (who lived at Wickham
he plain from the river at four o'clock in the morning; and as they reached the eastern part of Fredericksburg the Confederate batteries opened upon them from above, while the skirmishers rose in swarms before them and poured volley after volley into their ranks, the conflict being hottest around a large mansion in the town, where both sides dodged behind the garden-fence of the outhouses and fought furiously. For a brief interval the Federals were held in check, but the rifled guns on Stafford Heights were already hurling their huge shells across the river and the wide valley, to burst in the Confederate works on the ridge before which Sedgwick's men waited for the order to charge. Field batteries were unlimbered and these added their iron hail to the hammering that was being inflicted on Marye's Heights, where so many brave Federals had lost their lives the previous December. At half-past 10 Sedgwick, seeing that the Heights could be taken only by direct assault, ordered General N
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Letter from General R. E. Lee. (search)
ays, and the battle resulted in the infliction of as great an amount of injury as was received and in frustrating the Federal campaign for the season. I think you will find the answer to your third question in my report of the battle of Fredericksburg. In taking up the position there, it was with the view of resisting General Burnside's advance after crossing the Rappahannock, rather than of preventing its passage. The plain of Fredericksburg is completely commanded by the heights of Stafford, which prevented our occupying it in the first instance. Nearly the whole loss that our army sustained during the battle arose from the pursuit of the repulsed Federal columns into the plain. To have advanced the whole army into the plain for the purpose of attacking General Burnside, would have been to have insured its destruction by the fire from the continued line of guns on the Stafford hills. It was considered more wise to meet the Federal army beyond the reach of their batteries th
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 12.89 (search)
by the Stafford side, is Banks' ford, and above that is the United States, or Mine, or Bark Mill ford. On the Rappahannock, above the union of the two streams, comes first Richards' ford, then Kelly's, which is some thirty miles from a point in Stafford opposite Fredericksburg — this well-known ford unites Morrisville and adjacent country in Fauquier to Culpeper. On the Rapidan above the junction, we have first Ely's ford, then the Germanna, then Mitchell's, Morton's, Raccoon, Summerville, Rapor a concentrated converging fire from the heights in rear which commanded it, and of which Marye's was simply an outpost, would have swept them from its face. Holding fast with a small force in Fredericksburg, protected by reserve artillery in Stafford, and reinforcing Franklin with the bulk of Sumner, and Hooker swinging around by his left to have threatened the Confederate line of communication, would have drawn General Lee away from Marye's and forced a battle on more equal terms as to posi
derable quantity of stores. These operations cleared the Valley of the enemy. More than four thousand prisoners, Operations in Kentucky and Tennessee twenty-nine pieces of artillery, two hundred seventy wagons and ambulances, with four hundred horses, were captured, besides a large amount of military stores. Our loss was small. On the night that Ewell appeared at Winchester, the enemy at Fredericksburg recrossed the Rappahannock, and on the next day disappeared behind the hills of Stafford. The whole army of General Hooker, in retiring, pursued the roads near the Potomac, offering no favorable opportunity for attack. His purpose seemed to be to take a position which would enable him to cover the approaches to Washington city. To draw him farther from his base, and to cover the march of A. P. Hill, who had left for the Valley, Longstreet moved from Culpeper Court House on the 15th, and occupied Ashby's and Snicker's Gaps. The cavalry under General Stuart was in front of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fredericksburg, battle at. (search)
ck were not received by Burnside until the first week in December. Then 60,000 National troops under Sumner and Hooker lay in front of Fredericksburg, with 150 cannon, commanded by General Hunt. The corps of Franklin, about 40,000 strong, was encamped about 2 miles below. On the morning of Dec. 11 the engineers went quietly to work to construct five pontoon bridges for the passage of the National army. Sharp-shooters assailed the engineers. The heavy ordnance of the Nationals on Stafford Heights opened upon the town, set it on fire, and drove out many troops. The sharp-shooters remained. They were dislodged by a party that crossed the river in boats, the bridges were rebuilt, and by the evening of the 12th a greater portion of the National army occupied Fredericksburg, and on the morning of the 13th made a simultaneous assault all along the line. The Confederates, with 300 cannon, were well posted on the heights and ready for action. The battle was begun by a part of Frank
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Virginia, 1862 (search)
3d Infantry. April 2: Skirmish, Stony Creek, near EdenburgPENNSYLVANIA--29th Infantry. April 2: Skirmish, Thoroughfare GapPENNSYLVANIA--28th Infantry. April 2: Reconnoissance to the RappahannockILLINOIS--8th Cavalry. April 4: Skirmish, Stafford Court HouseNEW YORK--70th, 71st, 72d, 73d and 74th Infantry. April 4: Skirmish, Young's MillsVERMONT--2d Infantry. April 4: Skirmish, Great BethelUNITED STATES--1st Sharpshooters. Union loss, 2 killed. April 4: Skirmish, Howard's Mills, near Cockle Cavalry; 10th Infantry. Dec. 21-22: Reconnoissance toward WarrentonMASSACHUSETTS--1st Cavalry. PENNSYLVANIA--3d and 4th Cavalry. UNITED STATES--5th Cavalry; Battery "B & L" 2d Arty. Union loss, 6 wounded. Dec. 21-23: Reconnoissance from Stafford Court House to KellysvilleCONNECTICUT--1st Cavalry (Detachment). NEW YORK--4th and 9th Cavalry (Detachments). Dec. 21-23: Scout to Catlett's Station and BrentsvillePENNSYLVANIA--4th Cavalry (Detachment). Dec. 22: Skirmish, Kelly's FordCONNECTICUT--1
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Virginia, 1863 (search)
g. 14: Scout in Bull Run MountainsNEW YORK--2d Cavalry (Detachment). Aug. 14: Scout to WinchesterNEW YORK--1st Cavalry (Detachment). Aug. 15-19: Scout from Centreville to AldieMASSACHUSETTS--2d Cavalry. NEW YORK--2d Cavalry (Detachments). Aug. 15: Skirmish, Hartwood ChurchMICHIGAN--7th Cavalry. Aug. 15: Action, Beverly FordMAINE--1st Cavalry. Aug. 16: Skirmish, Fall's ChurchNEW YORK--111th Infantry. Aug. 18: Skirmish, Bristoe StationPENNSYLVANIA--6th Cavalry. Aug. 22: Skirmish, Stafford Court HouseNEW YORK--9th Cavalry. Aug. 24: Skirmish, King George Court HouseMICHIGAN--1st, 5th, 6th and 7th Cavalry. VERMONT--1st Cavalry. Aug. 24: Skirmish, Coyle's Tavern, near Fairfax Court HouseMASSACHUSETTS--2d Cavalry. Union loss, 2 killed, 3 wounded, 9 missing. Total, 14. Aug. 24: Scout to Barbee's Cross RoadsMASSACHUSETTS--1st Cavalry. Aug. 25: Skirmish near Lamb's Ferry, Chickahominy RiverConfederate Reports. Aug. 25: Action, Hartwood ChurchMICHIGAN--5th Cavalry. Aug. 25: Affair, J
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Connecticut Volunteers. (search)
allytown, Fairfax C. H., Kalorama Heights and Hall's Farm till December. March to Fredericksburg, Va., and duty at Stafford C. H. till January, 1863. Kelly's Ford December 20-22, 1862. Moved to Baltimore, Md., and duty there, organizing as adericksburg, Va., Dec. 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Stafford Heights June 12. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappaharick till December 10. March to Fairfax Station December 10-14, and duty, there till January 19, 1863. Moved to Stafford C. H. January 19-23, and duty there till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsvilredericksburg, Va., December 10. Duty at Fairfax Station, Va., December 14, 1862, to January 19, 1863. Moved to Stafford C. H. January 19-23, and duty there till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsvil
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