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Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2 10 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 8 0 Browse Search
John Bell Hood., Advance and Retreat: Personal Experiences in the United States and Confederate Armies 8 0 Browse Search
An English Combatant, Lieutenant of Artillery of the Field Staff., Battlefields of the South from Bull Run to Fredericksburgh; with sketches of Confederate commanders, and gossip of the camps. 8 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 5: Forts and Artillery. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 6 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 7: Prisons and Hospitals. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 6 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 9: Poetry and Eloquence. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 6 0 Browse Search
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade) 5 1 Browse Search
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A. 4 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 4: The Cavalry (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 4 0 Browse Search
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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 24: preparing for the spring of 1863. (search)
son of distinguished services and ability, General Ewell was entitled to the command of the Second Corps, but there were other major-generals of rank next below Ewell whose services were such as to give them claims next after Ewell's, so that when they found themselves neglected there was no little discontent, and the fact that both the new lieutenant-generals were Virginians made the trouble more grievous. General D. H. Hill was next in rank to General Ewell. He was the hero of Bethel, Seven Pines, South Mountain, and the hardest fighter at Sharpsburg. His record was as good as that of Stonewall Jackson, but, not being a Virginian, he was not so well advertised. Afterwards, when Early, noted as the weakest general officer of the Army of Northern Virginia, was appointed lieutenant-general over those who held higher rank than he, there was a more serious feeling of too much Virginia. Longstreet and Jackson had been assigned by General Johnston. In our anxious hours and hopeful
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 29: the wave rolls back. (search)
till it was reinforced by infantry, when the enemy was pushed back beyond Brandy Station. General Ewell was called down from Madison Court-House, behind the Rapidan, and the First and Third Corps were marched into position behind the river on the 3d of August, leaving the cavalry at Culpeper Court-House. General Lee suffered during the campaign from his old trouble, sciatica, and as soon as he found rest for his army applied to the authorities for a change of commanders. The President refused, pleading that he had no one to take his place. At the time he had two generals of his own choosing who were not in authority adequate to their rank,--Joseph E. Johnston, the foremost soldier of the South, who had commanded the army from its organization until he was wounded at Seven Pines, and G. T. Beauregard, the hero of Sumter and the first Bull Run, well equipped and qualified for high command. But the President was jealous of Johnston, and nourished prejudice against Beauregard.
o succumb to Federal force. I trust that our Heavenly Father may avert so dire a calamity! July 19th, 1863. When shall we recover from this fatal trip into Pennsylvania? General Pettigrew, of North Carolina, fell on the retreat, at a little skirmish near the Falling Waters. Thus our best men seem to be falling on the right hand and on the left. When speaking of General P's death, a friend related a circumstance which interested me. General P. was severely wounded at the battle of Seven Pines. He was lying in a helpless condition, when a young soldier of another command saw him, and, immediately stooping to the ground, assisted him in getting on his back, and was bearing him to a place of safety, when he (the soldier) was struck by a ball and instantly killed. The General fell to the ground, and remained there, unable to move, until he was captured by the enemy. He was subsequently incarcerated in Fort Delaware. Having learned from the soldier, while on his back, that his
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 1: explanation of the title-scheme of the work. (search)
less supervision and control of the armies in Virginia. Such continued to be Lee's position and duties, and his relations to the troops in Virginia, until General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the army defending Richmond, was struck down at Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks, June 1st, 1862, when President Davis appointed Lee to succeed him in command of that army. From this brief review it appears clearly that the men who, after June 1st, 1862, followed Lee's banner and were under his immediate 's successor in command of the Army of Northern Virginia--possibly there was one--and I am yet more disposed to question whether that army would have permitted Lee to resign his place or any other to take it. Looking back over its record, from Seven Pines to Appomattox, I am satisfied that the unquestioned and unquestionable preeminence, predominance, and permanence of Lee, as its commander-in-chief, was one of the main elements which made the Army of Northern Virginia what it was. I have s
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 8: Seven Pines and the Seven Days battles (search)
amp suddenly rose and apparently cut off communication with the other side. Seven Pines was an attack upon the Federal force on the Richmond side of the stream and ult of the engagement if no such calamity had befallen the attacking force. Seven Pines is therefore what may properly be termed an indecisive, if not an abortive be and soldiers generally I have no doubt that, after the Seven Days battles, Seven Pines seemed to measure up to its chief significance as the fight which resulted in himself has imparted to the strange fatality of his being stricken down at Seven Pines, with the tenth honorable wound received in battle, and to other unfortunateeen removed when Hood was put in his place. As to the actual fighting at Seven Pines, we took part in it, yet not a very prominent part. Among the heroes of theor of his great kinsman than any other living man of my acquaintance. At Seven Pines his battery made a phenomenal fight against an overwhelming weight of metal,
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 9: Malvern Hill and the effect of the Seven Days battles (search)
id not catch the essential spirit of the army or assimilate well with it, or bid fair to add anything of value to it; at the same time this week of continuous battle brought to the front men who had in them stuff out of which heroes are made and who were destined to make names and niches for themselves in the pantheon of this immortal army. Among those in my own branch of the service who came prominently to the front, besides Tom Carter, who never lost the place he made for himself at Seven Pines in the affectionate admiration of the artillery and of the army, were the boy artillerists Pegram and Pelham, both yielding their glorious young lives in the struggle-Pegram at the very end, Pelham but eight months after Malvern Hill. The latter, an Alabamian, was commander of Stuart's horse artillery, devotedly loved and admired by his commanding general, the pride of the cavalry corps, one of the most dashing and brilliant soldiers in the service, though but twenty-two years of age whe
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Index. (search)
. Paul's Church, Richmond, Va., 92 Salem Church, Battle of, 174-79, 213 Sassafras, 162 Savage Station, 64, 94-98, 116-17. Savannah, Ga., 78, 229, 275, 317 Sayler's Creek, 261, 318, 326-35, 351 Schele DeVere, Maximilian, 51 Scott, Thomas Y., 292-93. Scott, Winfield, 36-37. Scribner's, 210 Secession Convention, Va., 189-90. Sedgwick, John, 146-47, 164-66, 174- 79, 189, 213 Selden, Nathaniel, 149 Semmes, Paul Jones, 174 Seven Days Campaign, 89, 91-118, 191 Seven Pines, 18, 88-91, 109 Seward, William Henry, 26, 288 Sharpsburg Campaign, 66, 118, 124- 27, 198 Sharpshooting, 76-77, 290, 295-301. Sheldon, Winthrop Dudley, 175 Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864, Stonewall Brigade, 324-27. Stuart, Alexander Hugh Holmes, 31-32. Stuart, James Ewell Brown, 106-108, 190,208,216,248 Suffolk Campaign, 339-40. Swearing, 155, 185, 187, 189, 204 Swift Creek, Va., 298 Swinton, William, 211, 214, 287-88, 303 Symington, W. Stuart, 272 Ta
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 26: the gun-boats in the James River-battle of seven Pines. (search)
rossing at Bottom Bridge undefended, on the 25th threw a corps across the Chickahominy. He afterward added another corps, and commenced fortifying a line to Seven Pines. Mr. Davis continued his narration in The Rise and fall of the Confederacy: In the forenoon of May 31st, riding out on the New Bridge road, I heard firing in the direction of Seven Pines. As I drew nearer, I saw General Whiting, with part of General Smith's division, file into the road in front of me; at the same time I saw General Johnston ride across the field from a house before which General Lee's horse was standing. I turned down to the house, and asked General Lee what the woods to direct General Griffith to go back. The heavy rain during the night of the 30th had swollen the Chickahominy; it was rising when the battle of Seven Pines was fought; but had not reached such height as to prevent the enemy from using his bridges; consequently, General Sumner, during the engagement, brought over h
Chapter 29: seven days battles around Richmond. Mr. Davis wrote substantially the following account, which is condensed. For the full text see The Rise and fall of the Confederate Government. When riding from the field of battle (Seven Pines) with General Robert E. Lee, on the previous day, I informed him that he would be assigned to the command of the army, vice General Johnston, wounded. On the next morning he proceeded to the field and took command of the troops. During the nigreafter as among the models which the military student will be required to study. The army under General Johnston on May 31st, from official reports,. showed an effective strength of 62,696. Deduct the losses sustained in the battle of Seven Pines, as shown by the official reports of casualties, say, 6,084 and we have 56,612 as the number of effectives when General Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia. Before the seven days battles around Richmond, reinforcements to th
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Confederate loss at seven Pines.-letter from General J. E. Johnston. (search)
The Confederate loss at seven Pines.-letter from General J. E. Johnston. [We take pleasure in publishing — the following letter from General Johnston, which explains itself, as we are always ready to make explanations or corrections of any thing that we may put into our Papers.] Richmond, June 22d, 1877. Rev. J. Wm. Jones, D. D., Secretary Southern Historical Society: Dear Sir: Major-General Longstreet's report of the battle of Seven Pines, as published in your Society's Papers-May and June, 1877-differs materially from his official report made to me, the commander of the Confederate army on that occasion. The difference is in the interpolation of a list of killed, wounded, and missing in the paper you published. No such list was in the official report. General Longstreet's statement of his loss is in the sentence of his report next to the last, viz: A rough estimate of the loss on this part of the field may be put down at 3,000 killed and wounded. This estimate was a
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