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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The battle of Malvern Hill. (search)
ciplined, and easily controlled, let the enemy return after each repulse, but permitted few to escape their fire. Colonel McQuade, on Morell's left, with the 14th New York, against orders and at the risk of defeat and disaster, yielding to impulse, gallantly (lashed forward and repulsed an attacking party. Assisted by Buchanan of Sykes's division, Colonel Rice, with the 44th New York Volunteers, like-wise drove a portion of the enemy from the field, taking a flag bearing the inscription Seven Pines. Colonel Hunt, directing the artillery, was twice dismounted by having his horse shot under him, but though constantly exposed continued his labors until after dark. General Couch, who was also dismounted in like manner, took advantage of every opportunity to make his opponents feel his blows. It is not to be supposed that our men, though concealed by the irregularities of the ground, were not sufferers from the enemy's fire. T[he fact is that before they exposed themselves by pursu
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Richmond scenes in 1862. (search)
ent turned to Richmond. On that day Johnston assaulted the Federals who had been advanced to Seven Pines [see pp. 203, 220]. In face of recent reverses, we in Richmond had begun to feel like the pri dungeon of slowly contracting walls. With the sound of guns, therefore, in the direction of Seven Pines, every heart leaped as if deliverance were at hand. And yet there was no joy in the wild pulk or an army blanket beneath their In the streets of Richmond — wounded from the battle of Seven Pines. heads,--some dying, all suffering keenly, while waiting their turn to be attended to. To be ivity our work entailed was a relief from the strained excitement of life after the battle of Seven Pines. When the first flurry of distress was over, the residents of those pretty houses standing bthe Seven Days strife began, there was none of the excitement that had attended the battle of Seven Pines. People had shaken themselves down, as it were, to the grim reality of a fight that must be
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The battle of South Mountain, or Boonsboro‘ (search)
ho was passing by on the east side of the mountain on his way south. He, Rosser, was not directed to report to me, and I did not suspect his presence. I do not know to this hour whether Ratchford and myself came near stumbling upon him or upon the enemy. Returning through the woods we came upon a cabin, the owner of which was in the yard, surrounded by his children, and evidently expectant of something. The morning being cool, Ratchford was wearing a blue cloak which he had found at Seven Pines. In questioning the mountaineer about the roads I discovered that he thought we were Federals. The road on which your battery is, said he, comes into the valley road near the church. This satisfied me that the enemy was on our right, and I asked him: Are there any rebels on the pike? Yes; there are some about the Mountain House. I asked: Are there many? 9 Well, there are several; I don't know how many. Who is in command? I don't know. Just then a shell came hurtling through
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania. (search)
ral A. P. Hill for the Third Corps. General Ewell was entitled to command by reason of his rank, services, and ability. Next in rank was a North Carolinian, General D. H. Hill, and next a Georgian, General Lafayette McLaws, against whom was the objection that they were not Virginians. General D. H. Hill was the superior of General A. P. Hill in rank, skill, judgment, and distin-guished services. He had served with the army in Virginia, on the Peninsula in the battles of Williamsburg, Seven Pines, and the Seven Days battles around Richmond. In the Maryland campaign he made the battle of South Mountain alone from morning till late in the afternoon, with five thousand against a large part of McClellan's army. [See foot-note, Vol. II., p. 578.] He also bore the brunt of the battle of Sharpsburg. He came, however, not from Virginia but from North Carolina, and had just been detailed for service in that State. Next in rank after General D. H. Hill was General Lafayette McLaws, w
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 16: the Army of the Potomac before Richmond. (search)
y history may be searched in vain for an instance where such language of an officer to his superior was not followed by arrest or instant dismissal from the service. It appears utterly inexcusable, judged by General McClellan's official report made more than a year afterward, in which it is repeated, and especially in the clear light of subsequent investigation. It was a precedent for the most mischievous insubordination throughout the army. Had General Casey, when, after the Battle of Seven Pines, he looked sadly upon one-third of his entire division killed or maimed, and felt keenly the injustice of his commander's stinging words of censure, sent a note to the Commander-in-Chief, saying (and with more reason): Because of your wretched blunder in placing me in the position I was in, without adequate support, I lost the day, you and not I must be held responsible; if any of my division are saved, I tell you plainly I owe no thanks to you-you have done your best to sacrifice it, he
ol. E. R. S., operations of, in New Mexico, 2.184-2.188; assigned to the Military Division of West Mississippi, 3.269. Cane River, battle at, 3.265. Cape Fear River, British blockade runners in, 3.315: capture of Forts on, 3.489. Cape Girardeau, Marmaduke's attempt on, 3.213. Capitol at Washington, proposition to blow up with gunpowder, 1.523. Carnifex Ferry, battle of, 2.95. Carrick's Ford, battle of, 1.535. Carthage, Mo., battle near, 2.43. Casey, Gen., Silas, at Seven Pines, 2.408. Cass, Gen., Lewis, letter of Gen. Wool to, 1.76; his resignation as Secretary of State, 1.77; the re-enforcement of Charleston forts urged by, 1.127; how he regarded the secession of South Carolina, 1.141. Castle Pinckney, description of, 1.117. Catawba River, railway bridge over destroyed by Major Moderwell, 3.505. Cedar Creek, battle of, 3.369. Cedar Mountain, battle of, 2.449. Cemetery at Chattanooga, visit of the author to in 1866, 3.178. Cemetery Hill, Ge
continued to march by the flank; a few moments later, I heard roar upon roar of musketry in the direction of the ground I had just left. and naturally supposed our troops were firing into each other, by mistake. The undergrowth in the swamp through which we were passing was very dense, and the water waist deep in some places; consequently, our progress was not as rapid as I desired. Soon after this heavy firing in rear, Major S. D. Lee came to me in great haste with instructions to return forthwith, as our troops on the left required support, and, at the same time, informed me that General Johnston had been wounded. I immediately started back, but nightfall approached before I was enabled to rejoin Major General Smith, and render him the assistance I would have gladly afforded. The following day my brigade remained in line of battle without encountering the enemy; with this marching and counter-marching ended the part taken by my troops in the battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks.
Chapter 2: Confederate States Army, Virginia Gaines's Mills or first Cold Harbor, Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Boonsboro, Gap, and Sharpsburg, or Antietam. After the battle of Seven Pines, General R. E. Lee was assigned to the command of the Army of Northern Virginia. He immediately commenced to form plans by which to free the Confederate Capital from the proximity of the enemy. His first move was to send General Whiting's Division to Staunton, as a ruse, to join General Jackson; to order the latter then to march toward Richmond, or down the north side of the Chickahominy, upon the right flank of McClellan; and, when Jackson was sufficiently near the enemy, to throw across this stream the main body of the Confederate Army at, and in the vicinity of Meadow bridge, and, finally, with his united forces to make a general assault upon the Federals. I happened to have been made cognizant of the foregoing plan through General Whiting, just prior to or during the march t
f General Johnston be correct in his assertion that no reason exists why Atlanta should not have been held forever, a heavy responsibility rests upon the Confederate authorities who relieved him of the command of the Army of Tennessee. Heavier still is the responsibility assumed by them, when they refused to dismiss General Lee from the command of the Army of Northern Virginia, and to re-assign General Johnston to that position, after his recovery from a wound received at the battle of Seven Pines. He states, in addition, Johnston's Narrative, page 358. that his Army had a place of refuge in Atlanta, too strong to be taken by assault, and too extensive to be invested. According to his theory, Richmond, which was larger than Atlanta, should also have been too extensive to be invested; and its defences, which I am certain any council of competent officers would pronounce more tenable than those of its sister city, should also have been too strong to be carried by assault. It
o battle. If from pride or wounded vanity he make the venture, after long awaiting a more and more favorable opportunity, he will, as a rule, strike at the most unpropitious moment. Herein lies the deficiency of General Johnston. He is a man of courage and ability, and a fine organizer of an Army for the field; but he lacks the bold genius of Lee, and, consequently, will rarely, if ever, see sufficient chances in his favor — especially at the right time — to induce him to risk battle. Seven Pines is, I think, the only battle he attempted to inaugurate during the war, although it may be said that he commanded more men than any other Confederate officer. In this instance he had received information that a small body of the enemy had crossed the Chickahominy; he attempted to crush it with his entire force, and, even then, failed. He invariably throws up entrenchments, fortifies his line, and there remains in deliberation upon the best means to defeat the enemy without risking a gen
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