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Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War 1 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 37. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Mass. officers and men who died. 1 1 Browse Search
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vision, numbering about five thousand, was at Fair Oaks, a station on the York River Railroad. A redoubt and rifle-pit had been constructed, and there was also an abatis in front of them. Couch's division, about eight thousand strong, was at Seven Pines, three-quarters of a mile in the rear; while the two divisions of Heintzelman's corps, in all about sixteen thousand, were still farther back. The right flank of Kearney was on the railroad, and the left of Hooker on White Oak Swamp. Durin at its height: we were in a clearing, and were fighting along the edge of a wood, two hundred metres (about six hundred and fifty feet) from the spot where the general himself (Sumner) was directing the battle. The battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines, as the Confederates call it, has some points of resemblance to that of Waterloo, and, like that, shows how much military movements are controlled by fortune or accident. At Waterloo, Bonaparte's attack upon the British lines was delayed some
ur right. The entire Rebel army defending Richmond — some 40,000 to 50,000 strong — was either engaged in or supporting this movement, with Jefferson Davis, Gen. Lee, and other magnates, observing, directing, animating, and giving counsel. Seven Pines. The attacking columns were to move at day-break ; May 31. but the tremendous rains of the preceding afternoon and night had so flooded the earth as to render the moving of artillery exceedingly difficult; the infantry often wading throuely ordered up to the front by Couch or Keyes, until, at 4 1/2 P. M., he led the 102d Pennsylvania, Col. Rowley, and 93d, Col. McCarter, to the aid of our crumbling right, and was for half an hour sharply engaged with the triumphant enemy near Seven Pines, losing some ground, but encamping very near his field of conflict. Heintzelman was promptly summoned to the aid of Couch; but there was an unaccounted — for delay in the reception of the message, and some of his regiments did not rush to t<
., 177. Champion Hills, Miss., 307. Chantilly, Va.. 188. Chancellorsville, Va., 356. Chickamauga, Tenn.. 415. Cold Harbor, Va., 579. Corinth, Miss., 225. Crampton's Gap, Md., 199. Cross-Keys, Va., 138. Dallas, Ga., 298. Fair Oaks (or Seven Pines), Va. 141. Farmville, Va., 741. Fisher's Hill, Va., 610. Five forks, Va., 731. Fort Donelson, Tenn., 46. Franklin, Tenn., 681. Fredericksburg, Va., 343. Gaines's Mill, Va.. 154 Galveston Harb., Tex., 322. Gettysburg, Pa., 373. Gleat march from Atlanta to Savannah, 689 to 695; advances on Columbia, S. C., 700. Howe, Gen. A. P., at Chancellorsville, 363; his narrative of the pursuit of Lee, 390; his testimony in relation to Gen. Meade, 402. Huger, Gen. (Rebel), at Seven Pines, 143; his position in front of Richmond, 160; is present at the battle of Malvern Hill. 165. Humphreys, Gen., at Vicksburg, 345; at Gettysburg, 382 to 387; at Farmville, 742. Hunter, Gen., his order on Slavery annulled by the President.
The Third Division was transferred entire to the Sixth Corps, where, under command of General Ricketts, it became the Third Division of that corps. Fourth Corps. (Army of the Potomac.) Siege of Yorktown Lee's Mills Williamsburg Seven Pines Fair Oaks Oak Grove Seven Days battle Malvern Hill Antietam. Organized under General Orders No. 101, March 13, 1862, by which the First, Second, and Third Corps were also created. It was formed by the divisions of Couch, Smith, and Carps, leaving the Fourth Corps to consist of the divisions of Generals Couch and Casey. After this reduction, it numbered on May 31st, 25,317 present and absent, with 17,132 present for duty; the artillery numbered 38 guns. At the battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) the full force of the Confederate attack was directed on an advanced position held by Casey's Division, which stood its ground for an hour, inflicting a severe loss on the enemy, and not retiring until sufficient supports had arriv
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 14: the greatest battles of the war — list of victories and defeats — chronological list of battles with loss in each, Union and Confederate. (search)
8,408 2,885 13,047 April 19 Camden, N. C. (South Mills) 13 101 13 127 May 9 Farmington, Miss 16 148 14 178 May 5 Williamsburg, Va 456 1,410 373 2,239 May 7 West Point, Va 48 110 28 186 May 8 McDowell, Va 26 227 3 256 May 16, 17 Princeton, W. Va 23 69 21 113 May 17 Russell House, Miss 10 31 -- 41 May 23 Lewisburg, W. Va 13 53 7 73 May 23-25 Front Royal and Winchester, Va 62 243 1,714 2,019 May 27 Hanover Court House, Va 62 223 70 355 May 31 Fair Oaks, Va. (Seven Pines) 790 3,594 647 5,031 June 8 Cross Keys, Va 114 443 127 684 June 9 Port Republic, Va 67 393 558 1,018 June 16 Secessionville, S. C 107 487 89 683 June 25 Oak Grove, Seven Days Batttle, Va Killed 1,734 Wounded 8,062 Missing 6,053   Total 15,849 67 504 55 626 June 26 Mechanicsville, 49 207 105 361 June 27 Gaines's Mill, 894 3,107 2,836 6,837 June 28 Includes loss at Garnett's Farm on the previons day, Golding's Farm, 37 227 104 368 June 29
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 15: Confederate losses — strength of the Confederate Armies--casualties in Confederate regiments — list of Confederate Generals killed — losses in the Confederate Navy. (search)
North Carolina Antietam Walker's 325 31 168 -- 61.2 5th Georgia Chickamauga Cheatham's 317 27 165 2 61.1 2d Tennessee Chickamauga Cleburne's 264 13 145 1 60.2 15th and 37th Tenn. Chickamauga Stewart's 202 15 102 4 59.9 6th Alabama Seven Pines D. H. Hill's 632 91 277 5 59.0 16th Alabama Chickamauga Cleburne's 414 25 218 -- 58.6 15th Virginia Antietam McLaws's 128 11 64 -- 58.5 6th and 9th Tennessee Chickamauga Cheatham's 335 26 168 -- 57.9 18th Georgia Antietam Hood's 17ennessee Stone's River Cheatham's 292 18 137 9 56.1 22d Alabama Chickamauga Hindman's 371 44 161 -- 55.2 9th Georgia Gettysburg Hood's 340 27 162 -- 55.0 16th Tennessee Stone's River Cheatham's 377 36 155 16 54.9 4th North Carolina Seven Pines D. H. Hill's 678 77 286 6 54.4 27th Tennessee Shiloh Hardee's 350 27 115 48 54.2 23d Tennessee Chickamauga Buckner's 181 8 77 13 54.1 12th South Carolina Manassas A. P. Hill's 270 23 121 2 54.0 4th Virginia Manassas Jackson's 180 1
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
ssee brigade, of Smith's division, within three miles of Seven Pines, and were driven back by it, after a sharp skirmish. Itncountered Federal outposts more than two miles west of Seven Pines, in such strength as indicated the presence of a corps ack, fighting, upon their second line-Couch's division at Seven Pines. R. II. Anderson's brigade, transferred by Longstreet g was then (near five o'clock) decidedly to the right of Seven Pines. It was probably at Casey's intrenched position. Thock, and the firing on the right seemed then to be about Seven Pines. It was evident, therefore, that the battle would not b induced me to postpone the attack. After this battle of Seven Pines-or Fair Oaks, as the Northern people prefer to call it-Gtion of the war has been so little understood as that of Seven Pines; the Southern people have felt no interest in it, becauselman, before the same committee, claimed the victory at Seven Pines, upon no other ground that I can perceive,than the withd
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 14 (search)
d previous bad impressions, it is impossible that the President could have so forgotten his obligations to the country as to leave me in the most important military command of the Confederacy. Still more so, that he could have greatly enlarged that command by adding two armies to it, and this when General Lee, whom he regarded (though illegally) as my senior, was in a mere staff-office in Richmond. And if in the fall of 1862 he had thought of my conduct at Yorktown, and in the battle of Seven Pines, as he wrote of it in 1865, his oath of office would not have permitted him to place me in command of the most important department of the Confederacy. And, although he terminated this message with an assurance to the Confederate Congress that nothing would induce him to assign me to an adequate command, the paper was not sent to Congress, and I was ordered to report to General Lee (who had just been appointed commander-in-chief), and assigned to the command of the second department of t
d, on the Williamsburgh road, about three quarters of a mile in front of the Seven Pines, where I found Gen. Casey, who had placed the One Hundredth New-York, Col. Bthe wounded of the brigade that were taken prisoners. Since the battle of Seven Pines, now nearly three weeks, a force ten times that of Casey and Conch has not bPines, Va. Capt. F. A. Walker, Assist. Adjutant-General: On moving to the Seven Pines on the twenty-ninth of May, I was ordered to occupy and guard the left flankich had passed the river at Bottom's Bridge, and was posted at Fair Oaks and Seven Pines — some six or seven miles in front of the same, doubtless presuming that it hin six miles of Richmond, a mile in front of a point locally designated the Seven Pines, where Casey's division was posted in an open, swampy field, behind a singletayed by the coming of night. By nightfall they had forced their way to the Seven Pines, having driven the enemy back more than two miles, through their own camps,
fight was for. It was not an interruption of our march to Richmond, in which, as might be supposed, the rebels threw themselves in our way and stopped us at a mile from our original line. It was a fight for a position — a determined struggle for a piece of ground which it was deemed necessary that we should have and hold. This piece of ground is barely a mile beyond our former line, and we have it, and hold it. It will be remembered that the field on which the battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines, was fought, is bounded on the side toward Richmond by a line of woods. This wood extends on either side of the Williamsburgh road for a mile, and beyond it is a piece of open country. Our outer pickets have been hitherto posted in that edge of the wood which is furthest from the sacred city, and the line of rebel pickets was drawn only a little further in the woods, and so near to our line that the men could talk to one another. It appeared to be well understood that any further advan
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