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weeping the country for twenty miles. The rebel wounded and dead were scattered along the road and in the edges of the woods, where temporary hospitals had been established. Our surgeons had the rebel wounded conveyed to our own hospitals in the rear and cared for. At Resacca the rebel commissary left behind in his flight a considerable quantity of corn and meal, which was turned over to the hospitals, or given to the soldiers. While the fight was progressing on Saturday and Sunday at Sugar Creek, McPherson was engaged in shelling Resacca, to interrupt the passage of the rebel army, which, late in the day, was observed to be moving in long and unbroken trains. The houses, stores, depot buildings, telegraph office, were riddled by the exploding shells and round shot, and the place rendered very uncomfortable. The inhabitants, like most of the people from Dalton and Tilton, took the train with their household effects, provisions, etc., and went South. The few who remained stated
pressing duties which call me everywhere. Yours, etc., closer>Eliza C. Porter. In illustration of her services at this time, and of the undercurrent of terror and sadness of this triumphal march, we can do no better than to give some extracts from her journal, kept during this period, and published without her knowledge in the Sanitary Commission Bulletin. It was commenced on the 15th of May, 1864, as she was following Mrs. Bickerdyke to Ringgold, Georgia. Together they arrived at Sugar Creek, where but two miles distant the battle was raging, and spent the night at General Logan's headquarters, within hearing of its terrific sounds. All night, and all day Sunday, they passed thus, not being permitted to go upon the field, but caring for the wounded as rapidly as possible, as they were brought to the rear. She says: The wounded were brought into hospitals, quickly and roughly prepared in the forest, as near the field as safety would permit. What a scene was presented!
s reported to be. This he successfully accomplished, with some desultory fighting. Meanwhile Maj.-Gen. Earl Van Dorn had been appointed by President Davis to take command in the Trans-Mississippi Department, and had arrived at Pocahontas, Arkansas. He resolved to go in person to take command of the combined forces of Price and McCulloch, and reached their headquarters on the 3d of March. Van Dorn soon ascertained that the enemy were strongly posted on rising ground at a place called Sugar Creek, about sixty miles distant, having a force of some twenty-five thousand men, under Curtis and Sturgis. It was also reported that they did not intend to advance until the arrival of heavy reinforcements, which were rapidly moving up. Although not twenty thousand strong, Van Dorn resolved to attack them, and sending word to Albert Pike to hurry forward with his brigade of Indians, moved out of camp on the 4th of March, with Price and McCulloch's forces, his intention being to surround the
y skirmishing the enemy withdrew and waited for morning. The rear guard remained in position until midnight, the main column having pushed on to anticipate a heavy force of Kansans under General Lane, who were forced-marching to reach Cassville before Price did. But at 9 o'clock at night of the 15th, Price's column reached there, weary, cold, hungry and wet, having crossed Flat Creek seventeen times during the day. Price now had everything behind him, with his front and flanks clear. At Sugar Creek there was heavy skirmishing for several hours, in which the First brigade and Clark's and Macdonald's batteries made it so uncomfortable for the enemy that they withdrew with considerable loss and in some confusion. On the 17th, about 10 o'clock at night, the command reached Cross Hollows, Ark., a strong defensive position, where it camped in line of battle, cold and without provisions. At this point Generals Price and McCulloch met and had a conference, the result of which was that
that charges made by them at the Harpeth river have never been and cannot be surpassed by cavalry of any nation. The Texans participated in the operations about Murfreesboro under Forrest, and after a desperate fight with an infantry regiment captured a railroad train loaded with supplies near that place. On the retreat of Hood's army the Sixth was distinguished in the check it administered to an overwhelming force of the enemy which would otherwise have overrun the entire division. At Sugar Creek, where a memorable fight was made, and successfully, to protect the Confederate retreat, Ector's infantry was supported by the Legion and Ninth cavalry. When the enemy advanced in a fog, the infantry charged and fired, and then the cavalry, passing through the infantry, crossed the creek in the face of a terrible fire, overthrew all opposition on the other side, and pursued the thoroughly routed foe nearly a mile. The brigade lost 87 men during the campaign and captured and brought off
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
a, Oct. 9-12, 1862 25, 6 Stuart's Raid: June 13-15, 1862 21, 9 Stubbs' Plantation, Miss.: Roads and adjacent country 63, 3 Sturgeon, Mo. 135-A; 152, B4 Subligna, Ga. 24, 3; 48, 1; 57, 1, 57, 2; 58, 1; 118, 1; 149, E11 Suck, the, Tennessee River, Tenn.: Views 123, 7, 123, 8 Suffolk, Va. 26, 4; 28, 3; 93, 1; 117, 1; 135-A; 137, H10; 171 Siege of, April 11-May 4, 1863 26, 4 Sugar Creek, Ark. 10, 3; 79, 6; 159, B11; 160, E11 Sugar Creek, Tenn. 24, 3; 30, 2; 97, 1; 135-A Sugar Loaf, N. C. 132, 1; 139, C10 Sugar Loaf Mountain, Md. 25, 6; 27, 1; 116, 2 Sugar Valley, Ga. 24, 3; 48, 1; 57, 1-57, 3; 58, 1, 58, 2; 62, 1; 76, 2; 118, 1; 149, E11 Sullivan's Island, S. C. 4, 1; 131, 1 Sulphur Spring, Ark. 159, D10 Sulphur Springs, Tenn. 24, 3; 31, 2 Sulphur Springs, Va. 21, 13; 22, 5, 22, 7; 94, 1; 100, 1; 137, E2, 137, G5; 142, A9 Summerfield, Ala. 117, 1; 148, E5 Summertown, T
Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina a town of 6,000 pop., on Sugar Creek. The North Carolina Central Railroad connects with the Charlotte & South Carolina Railroad at this point. A place of active trade.
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book V:—the first winter. (search)
slight engagement with the rear-guard of the enemy near Sugar Creek; and soon after, they reached the Ozark Mountains. Thr into the enemy's country, fell back upon the valley of Sugar Creek, whence he could if necessary easily regain the State off the infantry took possession of the mills bordering on Sugar Creek, and set to work to make flour, while the cavalry and drs quarters along the post-road, a little to the south of Sugar Creek, at a place called Cross Hollows. Carr's division was eiment, was at Bentonville, about fifteen kilometres from Sugar Creek. But the positions selected by Curtis, for the purpose untry, and he ordered all his troops to concentrate upon Sugar Creek. That position was well selected, for the steep acclivittalions en echelon, he fell back in good order, crossed Sugar Creek, and, reaching Pea Ridge in the evening, took position wwing him, Van Dorn continued his flank movement, crossed Sugar Creek below the Federal camps, and bivouacked before night on
h inst., coun the following latest information: Fayetteville, Nov. 12.--Arrivals in town to-day state that the Federal advance reached Cassville on the 11th and burned the town It is supposed by some that this act indicates an intention of laying waste Southern Missouri and returning. The plans of Price and McCulloch are good to the extent of the means of defence. With numbers far inferior to those of the Federals, they will dispute Hunter's passage. The latter is entrenching at Sugar creek, a strong strategic point. The former is at the Sugar creek hills, to prevent Hunter from turning these hills. McCulloch is cutting down the timber on the small portion of this country which is passable, leaving a passage for his army to pass south, if necessary, which he will fill with fallen timber as he retires. He will also block up all the roads through the Boston Mountains, except the narrows of Frog Bayon, through which he will retire, if forced; and woe to the Federals if they
Confederate victory.General Price Weips the enemy again. The following dispatch was received by the Commissary General yesterday morning, and is said to be confirmed by dispatches received by the President: Fort Smith, Feb. 16.--Via Clarksville, Ark, and Chattanooga, Tenn.--Generals Price and Hebert are fighting the enemy to-day, at Sugar Creek, in Benton county, Ark. The result is not known. Our troops are confident of success. Later. The enemy lost seven hundred. Our loss is one hundred. Another great victory. [Signed,] Albert Pike.
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