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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Sketch of the Lee Memorial Association. (search)
tory, Southern lands have been in large measure the chosen homes of beauty, luxury and leisure; and hence it follows legitimately that they should be the homes of all the higher arts. Compare Northern Europe with Southern through the Middle Ages on to the Cinque-Cento period, and how vast the difference! To be sure the Renaissance gave Germany an Albrecht Durer; but for one artist north of the Po, hundreds might be counted south of it. Where were England's old masters, when Spain, Venice, Tuscany, were reckoning theirs by scores? If, then, art existed in our own country at all, we might naturally look for it in the Southern portion, where much, in time past, conduced to foster it—wealth for the more distinctively marked and limited upper classes, refinement, generally diffused education for such, and only two abundant leisure. But if we do look for it in the South, we fail to find it. The entire art spirit, with but few exceptions, has been confined to the North. Our poets, pai
ves for advances; and, besides, they were all weighed down by very heavy expenses and obligations of their own. Shadowy hopes of foreign loans rose before congress. In December, 1777, in advance of treaties of commerce and alliance, the American commissioners in France and Spain were instructed to borrow two million pounds sterling, to be repaid in ten years; and in February, 1778, the commissioner for Tus- 1778. Feb. cany was charged to borrow half as much more. Yet the grand duke of Tuscany would have no relations with the United States; and no power was so ill disposed towards them as Spain. To the American people congress wrote in May: May. The reasons that your money hath depreciated are, because no taxes have been imposed to carry on the war; but they did not as yet venture to ask power to levy taxes. On obtaining the king of France for their ally, they authorized drafts on their commissioners in Paris for thirty-one and a half millions of livres, at five livres to th
tober 20, 1785; died, October 26, 1807. Lucy Brooks, born June 16, 1775, was the daughter of John and Lucy Smith Brooks. She married Rev. George O'Kill Stuart, York, Upper Canada. (Boston Weekly Magazine, October 8, 1803.) Lucia Gray is given as the daughter of William Gray of Medford, and married Samuel Swett. Her daughter married the artist, Mr. Francis Alexander. The granddaughter of Lucia Gray is Francesca Alexander, the talented translator and illustrator of Roadside Songs of Tuscany. It was Ruskin's enthusiastic appreciation of her work that made the name of Francesca widely known. She is a cousin of Mrs. Edwin N. Hallowell of Medford. Catherine Thompson, born June 24, 1784, was the daughter of Ebenezer and Katherine Thompson; married November 15, 1808, to Noah Johnson of Woburn. Fanny Tufts, born January 14, 1789, was the daughter of James, Jr., and Elizabeth Tufts. Sarah Lloyd Wait, born November 29, 1785, was the daughter of Nathan Wait; she married, Octo
Italy United. --Italy, which lost her independence when she lost her unity, has, after long years of separation into States hostile to each other, again achieved her redemption, and is now once more an united government under Victor Emmanuel. The only provinces not included are those held by the Pope and Venetia. The united government is now composed of Sardinia, Lombardy, Naples, Sicily, Tuscany, Modena and Parma, having about 100,000 square miles, and 20,000,000 of inhabitants. For a long course of years Italy has been the prey of every nation, but now united will be one of the great powers of Europe, able to defend her rights, and powerful enough to be consulted in the Congress of European nation, to settle of international of these which concern the of
Rich in Ores. --Sardinia is developing the mineral resources of Tuscany, which is said to be so metallurgically rich, that ships steering through the channel of Plombino, or in the offing, have to allow for the needle's variation in that vicinity.
The exiled Dukes. --According to recent advice, the exiled Italian Dukes are preparing for "hard times." The Duchess Regent of Parma has reduced by half the emoluments of her representatives at the European Courts. The Grand Duke of Tuscany and the Duke of Modena have determined to suppress all their representatives at the end of the year. From the month of December the troops of the Duke of Modena will be informed that they are at liberty to return home or to enter the Austrian regiments in Venetia. These are pretty good proofs that these princes are sufficiently convinced of the impossibility of a restoration, even though Austria should succeed in renewing the war.
ch the of Venice had ordered to remedy the filing of the natural channels with sand, and prevent the unhealthiness of the swamps on the Adriatic. He then visited the maritime salt works of Austria, and the owners of Piraus is Istria, desirous of employing him for the general reform of their establishments, proposed to him an arrangement written and signed by them to that effect. Subsequently he explored the mineral wealth of Tuccany, and published a report, addressed to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, on the portion of his exploration relative to the advantages to be derived from the employment of salt from the sea, instead of the ordinary salt consumed in the Grand Buchy. In 1847-'48-'49 and '50, the same gentlemen explored the swamps of the Island of Corsies, then the lagoons at the mouth of the Po, the filling up with sand of the celebrated post of Revenues, where that is now cultivated on the very spot formerly occupied by the fleets of the ancient Romans. Not far from these hist
the new Government has been indubitably shown. Immense armies have been raised, the greatest sacrifices have been endured, the persistence of the South in the war through a long series of battles — some victories, some defeats — has shown the 'force and consistency' which are looked upon as the tests of nationality." The writer proceeds to observe that if the South claim its recognition as an Independent Power, the precedents of the British and Spanish American colonies, of Belgium, and of Tuscany and Naples, forbid England "to question this right when asserted by the Confederate States;" and that "it is the duty of the British Government to anticipate this possible event." For some time past British statesmen and their press have put a restraint upon their wonted hostility to the United States. They are beginning, perhaps, to forget the affair of the capture of their West India mail steamer, which so nearly involved them in a war with this country. They then blessed their sta
f peace, and wherever the Federal have penetrated they are received with an animosity which they resent, as at New Orleans, by a military rule of intolerable brutality. The vision of a Union party in the South has been dispelled, as the Northerners themselves are compelled, with bitterness and mortification, to admit. All these circumstances point to but one conclusion: Either this war must be brought to an end, or the time will at last come when the South may claim its own recognition by foreign nations as an independent Power. The precedents of our American colonies, of the Spanish colonies, of Belgium, and of Tuscany and Naples the other day, forbid us to question this right when asserted by the Confederate States. It is our duty to anticipate this possible event, and it may be wise as well as generous for statesmen on this side of the ocean to approach the American Government in a friendly spirit with the offer of their good offices at this great crisis of its fortunes.
ed to an American lady, Miss Ruker, His son has the title of Prices of Hawaii; his brother is Generalissimo, and his sister Prime Minister J — He has a Council of State, three Ministers, and a Marshal, a Receiver General, and a Supreme Court. The majority of the European States have representatives there. The kingdom forms four insular provinces, peopled by 70,000 inhabitants. The oldest sovereign in Europe is still the King of Wurtemburg. 80 years of age, and the youngest the Prince of Rouse-Greiz, who is 16½ years old. The sovereign who has reigned the longest is the Duke of Saxe Mainingon, who came to the throne 59 years age, while the most recent is the Sultan. The work also gives a list of the different Orders, 134 in number of which six are for women. The State possessing most is Bavaria, which has 11; then in and Austria, which have 10, Russia 8, and Fingal and Sweden 6. The Italian Revolution addressed six orders in Naples, one in Modens in Parma, and five in Tuscany
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