hide Matching Documents

Your search returned 205 results in 64 document sections:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
e than the plumes and the diadem of an emperor without it. Let the manufacture of America be the symbol of dignity and the badge of virtue, and it will soon break the fetters of distress. Thus wrote Dulany, the champion of the day, pleading, not for truths pregnant with independence, but for exemption from taxes imposed without consent; promoting repeal, but beating back revolution. His opinions were thought to have moulded those of William Pitt, by whom they were publicly Shelburne to Chatham, 6 Feb. 1765: The American pamphlet, to which your lordship did so much honor last session. noticed with great honor; and they widely prevailed in America. This unconstitutional method of taxation, observed Washington, at Mount Vernon, of the Stamp Act, is a direful attack upon the liberties of the colonies, chap. XVII.} 1765. Sept. will be a necessary incitement to industry, and for many cogent reasons will prove ineffectual. Our courts of judicature, he added, must inevitably be shu
urand to Choiseul, 30 July, 1766. Referring not to Chatham's Ministry, but to the modifications which Grafton toric exactness, and quote his brilliant epigrams. Chatham's Ministry was at first less of a Mosaic than Rockiagues his purpose of placing himself as the Earl of Chatham in the House of Lords. During the past year such amself by accepting a Peerage. Andrew Mitchell to Chatham, 17 Sept. 1766; Chat. Corr. III. 70. It argues, sae wish to humble the aristocracy. At the time of Chatham's taking office, Choiseul, Aug. the greatest minister of France since Richelieu, Chatham in Walpole, IV. 279. having assigned the care of the navy to his brotSpain for its partner, and no enemy but England. Chatham grew sick at heart, as well as decrepit. Chap. XXV, with the cheerful consent of the King, King to Chatham, 25 Sept. 1766; Chat. Corr. III. 75. retreated to et the cause of liberty was advancing, though Oct. Chatham had gone astray. Philosophy spread the knowledge o
Chapter 27: Charles Townshend Usurps the lead in Government— Chatham's Administration continued. October, 1766—January, 1767. the people of Massachusetts lulled themselves Chap. XXVII.} 1766. Oct. into the belief that they were restored once more to the secure enjoyment of their rights and liberties. But their secret enemies, some from a lust of power, and others from an inordinate love of money, Candidus [Samuel Adams], in Boston Gazette, 9 Sept. 1771. still restlessly combined to obtain an American army and an American tribute, representing them in numerous letters as necessary for the enforcement of the Navigation Acts, and even for the existence of Government. When the soldiers stationed in New-York had, in the night Holt's Gazette, 1232; 14 Aug. 1766, and 1233, 21 Aug. 1766. Dunlap's History of New-York, i. 433; Isaac Q. Leake's Life of John Lamb, 36. of the tenth of August, cut down the flagstaff of the citizens, the General reported the ensuing quarrel as
a had not yet finished the statues which it was raising to Chatham; and Mauduit artfully sent April over word, that the planame. De Guerchy to Choiseul, 17 March, 1767; Bristol to Chatham, 23 March, 1767, to be taken in connection with Israel Maut by Morgan, in Lansdowne House Mss.; Compare Shelburne to Chatham, Chat. Corr. III. 192, and for the opinion of Grenville, ham Corr. III. 254. for the other, to employ the name of Chatham. Grafton Chap. XXIX.} 1767. May. readily adopted a planld have five minutes conversation with Grafton. King to Chatham, 30 May, 1767, 34 m. past 2, and 35 m. past 8 p. m. Chat. Corr. III. 260-264. Chatham yielded to such persuasion; though suffering from a universal tremor, which application to bhis phaeton to go to North End. The letter of the King to Chatham, in the Chatham Correspondence, III. 266, dated June 2, is, that he could not be allowed to continue in his office. Chatham summoned spirit to vindicate his friend, and to advise the
, III. 68. summoned his political allies to London, Shelburne was quieting the controversy with America respecting the Billeting Act. New-York had foreseen the storm, and without recognising the binding force of the British Statute, or yet conforming to its provisions, it had made a grant of money Moore to Shelburne, 18 June, 1767. for the use of the Chap. XXX.} 1767. July. army, without specifications. This, by the advice of the Attorney General and Solicitor General, Shelburne to Chatham, in Chat. Corr. IV. 325. Shelburne received as a sufficient compliance, Shelburne to Moore, 18 July, 1767. Compare Vote of New-York Assembly of 6 June, 1767. Message of Moore of 18 Nov. 1767. Board of Trade to the King, 7 May, 1768. and the Assembly went on as though nothing had happened. The health of Chatham was all the while growing worse; and his life began to be despaired of. His letters were kept from him. Lady Chatham to Grafton, North End, 31 July, 1767. Of the transaction
dominions, there should be a free legislative; otherwise strange effects are to be apprehended, for the laws of God and nature are invariable. Bradford's Massachusetts State papers, 133. The House of Representatives, having sanctioned Chap XXXI.} 1768. Jan. this Remonstrance, next addressed Shelburne, The House of Representatives to Shelburne, 15 January, 1768, Bradford's State Papers, 137. Compare the contrary opinions of Otis, in Gordon's Hist. of the Amer. Rev. i. 228, 229. Chatham, Rockingham, House to Rockingham, 22 Jan. 1768, in Bradford, 142. Conway, Camden, the Treasury Board, at which sat Grafton, Lord North, and Jenkinson, letters which contained the same sentiments, and especially enforced the impracticability of an American representation in the British Parliament. The True Sentiments of America: Contained in a Collection of Letters, &c. &c. Published at the instance of Thomas Hollis. But no memorial was sent to the Lords; no petition to the House of Co
} 1769. March therefore, of New-York, though carefully written, was rejected by the House of Commons, because it questioned the right of Parliament to tax America. But this sovereignty being asserted, the Ministry, terrified by the recovery of Chatham which alarmed Camden and Grafton, and by the complaints of the merchants at the diminution of exports, were content with the Parliamentary sanction of their measures, wished the controversy with the Colonies well over, and sought to lull them inolders, and the property of the Minister. W. S. Johnson to Robert Temple, II. 69. Yet the Administration, with Parliament as its obedient instrument, heard with alarm how widely the American plan of passive resistance was extending. Besides: Chatham might reappear; and those Ministers who had been of his selection, stood in constant dread of his rebuke. Grafton and Camden, therefore, silent in the House of Lords, insisted in Council, that some attempt should be made to conciliate the Colon
er the British Empire was to escape dismemberment. Chatham recommended to the more liberal aristocracy Fitzilliam to Rockingham, 1769; in Albemarle, II. 142. Chatham to Rockingham, Id. 193. that junction with the peopby a very large majority. In the House of Lords, Chatham, whose voice had not been heard for three years, p Long may it flourish. W. S. Johnson's Report of Chatham's Speech, in his letter to Gov. Trumbull of Connectfigure of the vine to refer to liberty in America. Chatham never meant to say it had embraced whole nations. Ces from the extremity to the heart. Camden, whom Chatham's presence awed more than office attracted, awoke tg philosophy by the aid of Common Sense and Reason; Chatham transplanted the theory, so favorable to democracy, two to one, the actual Ministry was shattered; and Chatham, feeble and emaciated as he was, sprang forward wite forms of the Constitution, the aged and enfeebled Chatham, once more the man of the people, rose to do servic
ntirely duty free in England, applied to the Treasury in August for the necessary license. They were warned by Americans, that their adventure Lee to S. Adams, 22 Dec. 1773. would end in loss, and some difficulties occurred in details; but the scruples of the Company were overruled by Lord North, who answered peremptorily, It is to no purpose making objections, for the King will have it so. The King means to try the question with America. Almon's Anecdotes and Speeches of the Earl of Chatham, ch. XLI. Compare also B. Franklin to his Son William Franklin, 14 July, 1773; Franklin's Writings, VIII. 75. The time was short; the danger to Boston immi- Sept. nent; resistance at all hazards was the purpose of its Committee of Correspondence; violent resistance might become necessary; and to undertake it without a certainty of union would only bring ruin on the town and on the cause. A Congress, therefore, on the plan of union pro- Chap. L.} 1773. Sept. posed by Virginia, was
were thought of. Franklin to Thomas Cushing, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, William Phillips. Ms. letter in my possession. But events were to proceed as they had been ordered. Various measures were talked of for altering the Constitution of the Government in Massachusetts, and for prosecuting individuals. The opinion in town was very general, that America would submit; that Government was taken by surprise when they repealed the Stamp Act, and that all might be recovered. Shelburne to Chatham, Chat. Corr. IV. 324. The King was obstinate, had no one near him to explain the true state of things in America, and admitted no misgivings except for not having sooner enforced the claims of authority. On the fourth day of February, he consulted the American Commander-in-Chief who had recently returned from New-York. I am willing to go back at a day's notice, said Gage, if coercive measures are adopted. They will be lions, while we are lambs; but if we take the resolute part, they
1 2 3 4 5 6 7