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H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 8: our northern frontier defences.—Brief description of the fortifications on the frontier, and an analysis of our northern campaigns. (search)
gh drove back the enemy from the line of Lake Champlain. With these operations terminated the Northern campaign of 1814, the last which has been conducted on that frontier. Let us now turn to the system of works projected for the defence of this line. The first works are at the Falls of St. Mary, on the western extremity of the line. The second works are at Mackinaw. The third works are at the foot of Lake Huron. The fourth works are near Detroit. The fifth works are near Buffalo. The sixth works are at the mouth of the Niagara river The seventh works are at Oswego. The eighth works are at Sacketts Harbor. The ninth works are below Ogdensburg. The tenth works are at Rouse's Point. The eleventh works are near the head-waters of the Kennebec or the Penobscot. The twelfth works are at Calais, on the St. Croix. All these works are small, and simple in their character, well calculated to assist the operations of armed forces in the field, but inca
e man, as he is here, unless he be a coward, or a non-resistant Christian. He may strike back. It would not do to strike back here, would it? Oh Lor‘, no! Mass'r, said the slave, looking as if frightened by the mere idea of such a thing; dey would shoot us down jest as soon as if we was cats. Well, I resumed, a colored man at the North may strike back, and not be shot down. I then related an incident, of which I was an eye witness. The last time that I travelled from Albany to Buffalo, a few months ago, there was a colored man in the cars with us. In the South, I may state here, the servants, as the slaves are frequently styled, and the free persons of color, are put in the first half of the foremost car by themselves, unless they are females travelling with their mistress, when they sit by her side. The other half of the negro car is appropriated for smokers, and is always liberally patronized. A white bully, exquisitely dressed, with gold chain, and brooch, and dia
Matthew Arnold, Civilization in the United States: First and Last Impressions of America., IV: civilization in the United States. (search)
Europe; all Americans of cultivation and wealth visit Europe more and more constantly. The mere nomenclature of the country acts upon a cultivated person like the incessant pricking of pins. What people in whom the sense for beauty and fitness was quick could have invented, or could tolerate, the hideous names ending in ville, the Briggsvilles, Higginsvilles, Jacksonvilles, rife from Maine to Florida; the jumble of unnatural and inappropriate names everywhere? On the line from Albany to Buffalo you have, in one part, half the names in the classical dictionary to designate the stations; it is said that the folly is due to a surveyor who, when the country was laid out, happened to possess a classical dictionary; but a people with any artist-sense would have put down that surveyor. The Americans meekly retain his names; and, indeed, his strange Marcellus or Syracuse is perhaps not much worse than their congenital Briggsville. So much as to beauty, and as to the provision, in the
ief journal of this tour has been preserved; and, next to an entry running--On the 25th I arrived at Northampton, Mass., after 9 o'clock in the evening, and called at three taverns before I could get lodgings or polite treatment --we find the following: September 6th--At A<*>any, I made some acquaintances. Philanthrop sts are the slowest creatures breathing. They think forty times before they act. There is reason to fear that the little Quaker was a fanatic. Lockport, Utica, and Buffalo, reaching Baltimore late in October. Lundy made at least one other visit to Hayti, to colonize emancipated slaves; was beaten nearly to death in Baltimore by a slave-trader, on whose conduct he had commented in terms which seemed disrespectful to the profession; was flattered by the judge's assurance, when the trader came to be tried for the assault, that he [L.] had got nothing more than he deserved ; and he made two long journeys through Texas, to the Mexican departments across the Rio
e Free Soilers, Radicals, or Barnburners, whose leader was Samuel Young, and that of the Conservatives or Hunkers, whose chief was Daniel S. Dickinson — the Convention attempted to split the difference by admitting both, and giving each half the vote to which the State was entitled. This the Barnburners rejected, leaving the Convention and refusing to be bound by its conclusions. The great body of them heartily united in the Free Soil movement, which culminated in a National Convention at Buffalo, August 9, 1848. whereby Martin Van Buren was nominated for President, with Charles Francis Adams, of Massachusetts, for Vice-President. The regular Democratic or Cass and Butler Convention reiterated most of the resolves of its two predecessors, adding two or three in commendation of the War with Mexico; warmly congratulated France on her recent return to a republican form of government, and ambiguously indorsed the new Popular Sovereignty discovery as follows: Resolved, That in
I say the Whigs alone — for nobody else, either in the East, West, South, or North, stirred a finger in the cause — or, at least, made so small an effort that it could not be discerned until the Whigs roused the people to a sentiment of opposition to the further spread of the Slave Power. Then this portion of the New York Loco-Focos, these Barnburners, seized upon this Whig doctrine, and attached to it their policy, merely to give them the predominance over their rivals. * * * In this Buffalo platform, this Collect of the new school, there is nothing new. * * * Suppose all the Whigs should go over to the Free Soil party: It would only be a change of name; the principles would still be the same. But there would be one change which, I admit, would be monstrous — it would make Mr. Van Buren the head of the Whig party. [Laughter.] claimed Free soil as a distinctive Whig doctrine, and declared that, were the Whigs to join the peculiar Free soil organization, they would only make tha<
e force, under the specious and untenable pretense of enforcing the laws , it would plunge the nation into civil war, and been warmly supported therein by Mr. Thayer and others, Hon. Geo. W. Clinton, Son of the illustrious Do Witt Clinton. of Buffalo, rose in opposition, and said: We all agree in detesting the very thought of war. [Applause.] But is our country gone? Is the Union dissolved? Is there no government binding these States in peace and harmony! Why, the proposition was beaction would have been acceded to as reasonable and just. III. The North could not, without shame and conscious guilt, consent to diffuse and uphold Slavery on territory that came to us free. Mr Webster, in one of his latest speeches — at Buffalo, May 22, 1851-said: If the South wish any concession from me, they won't get it — not a hair's breadth of it. If they come to my house for it, they will not find it. I concede nothing. * * * No matter what may be said at the Syracuse Convent
ngton, receiving on the way advices that he had been, upon a careful canvass and comparison of the Electoral votes by Congress, proclaimed February 13th. by Vice-President Breckinridge the duly elected President of the United States, for four years from the 4th of March ensuing. Immense crowds surrounded the stations at which the special train halted wherein he, with his family and a few friends, was borne eastward through Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Columbus, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Erie, Buffalo, Albany, New York City, Trenton, Newark, Philadelphia, Lancaster, and Harrisburg, on his way to the White House. He was everywhere received and honored as the chief of a free people; and his unstudied remarks in reply to the complimentary addresses which he day by day received indicated his decided disbelief in any bloody issue of our domestic complications. Thus, at Indianapolis, where he spent the first night of his journey, he replied to an address of welcome from Gov. Morton, as fol
t for him in Kentucky, 492; letter to Jeff. Davis, 511. Buckingham, Gov., of Conn., is reflected, 326. Buckner, Aylett, of Ky., 194. Buckner, Gen. Simon B., organizes State Guard; Louisville Journal curses him, 494; 496; 509; 609. Buffalo, N. Y., the Free-Soil Convention at, 191; its Platform, 192. Buford, Col., of Ala., his arrival in Kansas, 243; besieges Lawrence, 243. Bull Run, battle of, 539 to 547; our army moves on Centerville, 539; map of the field, 540; our feint disre, 259. Webster, Daniel, 78; his reply to Hayne, 86-7; 101; speech at Niblo's Garden, 152 to 154; 155; 192; 202; speech at Abingdon, 199; 205-6; 207; on the Fugitive Slave Law. 220-21; 223; 260-271: letter from Channing to, 353; 370; speech at Buffalo, 404; 511. Weed, Thurlow, editorial by, 360-61. Weightman, Col., killed at Wilson's Creek, 582. Weston, Mo., a man tarred and feathered at, 239. Weston Reporter, The, (Mo.,) citation from, 238. Westport, Mo., Border Ruffian resolv
last twenty months of its service,--a noble record. Forty-Ninth New York Infantry--Second Buffalo. Neil's Brigade — Getty's Division--Sixth Corps. (1) Col. Daniel D. Bidwell; Bvt. Brig.Gettysburg; Rappahannock Station; Mine Run; Sailor's Creek; Appomattox. notes.--Organized at Buffalo, September 18, 1861. The regiment arrived in Washington, September 21, 1861, and was assigned House; Hatcher's Run; Pursuit of Lee; Appomattox. notes.--The One Hundredth was recruited in Buffalo, and on March 7, 1862, started from there, 960 strong, arriving at Washington March 12th. It ettack was unsuccessful, the flag of the One Hundredth--the one presented by the Board of Trade, Buffalo — was planted on the fort, the daring color-sergeant falling dead beside it. In May, 1864--thenstly, of Irish soldiers. The One Hundred and Sixty-fourth was recruited in New York, Brooklyn, Buffalo, and in the counties of Niagara and St. Lawrence. It was organized in New York City, and muste<
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