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legislation. The progress of population was very slow. The lands in the vicinity were not fertile; and at the end of ten years the colony contained no more than three hundred souls. Few as were their numbers, they had struck deep root, and would have outlived every storm, even if they had been followed by no other colonies in New England. Hardly were they planted in America, when their enterprise began to take a wide range; before Massachusetts was settled, they had acquired rights at Cape Ann, as well as an extensive domain on the Kennebec; and they were the first to possess an English settlement on the banks of the Connecticut. The excellent Robinson died at 1625 Mar. 1. Leyden, before the faction in England would permit his removal to Plymouth; his heart was in America, where his memory will never die. The remainder of his people, and with them his wife and children, emigrated, so soon as means could be provided to defray the costs. To enjoy religious liberty was the known
t limits of Quincy; and the merchants of the West continued their voyages to the islands of New England. But these things were of feeble influence compared with the consequences of Chap IX.} 1624. the attempt at a permanent establishment near Cape Ann; for White, a minister of Dorchester, a Puritan, but not a separatist, breathed into the enterprise a higher principle than that of the desire of gain. Roger Conant, having already left New Plymouth for Nantasket, through a brother in England, shall say of succeeding plantations, the Lord make it likely that of New England. After sixty one days at sea the Arbella came in sight of Mount Desert; on the tenth of June the White Hills were descried afar off; near the Isle of Shoals and Cape Ann, the sea was enlivened by the shallops of fishermen; and on the twelfth, as the ship came to anchor outside of Salem harbor, it was visited by William Pierce, of the Lyon, whose frequent voy- Chap. IX.} 1630. ages had given him experience as a
most every field. They taught the observing Frederic of Prussia to introduce into his service light bodies of sharp shooters, and their example has modified the tactics of European armies. On the twenty ninth of July, a party of riflemen got behind the guard which the British had advanced on the side of Charlestown, and before it could be supported, killed two men and took five prisoners. The New England men were not wanting in daring. On the ninth of August the Falcon was seen from Cape Ann in chase of two schooners bound to Salem. One of these was taken; a fair wind wafted the other into Gloucester harbor. Linzee, the captain of the Falcon, followed with his prize, and, after anchoring, sent his lieutenant and thirty six men in a whaleboat and two barges to bring under his bow the schooner that had escaped. As the bargemen, armed with muskets and swivels, boarded her at her cabin windows, men from the shore fired on them, killing three and wounding the lieutenant in the th
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 7., An eighteenth century enterprise. (search)
to the mill. It was of much later date than the three roads described as leading .... from the town pump. Porter's corner was so called from the residence and store on the corner of Main street, then owned and occupied by Jonathan Porter. This store was well known for miles around, and our elders tell of the line of teams, extending up High street and down Salem street for several rods, with steaming oxen waiting for their turn to be relieved of the loads brought from up above, and down Cape Ann way, to be exchanged for West India goods (pronounced West Ingie) from the store. Ship street ended at the red gate, which was the entrance to Wellington Farms, which were owned and tilled by the brothers Isaac and James Wellington, their fertile acres unbroken by street or railroad. South street, after being extended to Medford Hillside, is now back within its original limits, from Main street, at the hotel, to where the road leaves the river. Spring street, crossing the canal, is Winth
spacious ponds, whither the alewives press to spawn. On the east side is Master Cradock's plantation, where he hath impaled a park, where he keeps his cattle, till he can store it with deer. Here likewise he is at charges of building ships. The last year one was upon the stocks of a hundred tons. Ship-building here may have commenced as early as 1629, when a bark was built. It is more probable, however, that bark was built at Salem, under Endicott's directions or his predecessors, at Cape Ann. It was not till 1629 that Cradock sent six shipwrights, as mentioned in the letter of April 17, 1629, to Endicott. That the prominent men of the Bay Company appreciated Cradock's support of the enterprise cannot be shown more strongly than by this extract from John Humfrey's letter to Isaac Johnson: Mr. Craddocke indeede would have stucke by mee, & (I thinke) sent and lent 20 tun to the plantation, beside him not a man (no, not to save your lives & the life of the worke in you) would
is, in the archives of our State House, carefully preserved, a letter from, and in the handwriting of, another Governor, the presiding functionary of the London Company chartered by King Charles I, who made that company a grant of land in New England in width from three miles north of the Merrimack river to three miles south of the Charles river and westward to the South sea in which to do business. The company had sent over a colony which settled at Nahumkeeke, i.e. Salem, with a few at Cape Ann, i.e. Gloucester, but who left there and settled at Mattapan (present Dorchester) and a few at Nantasket. All these were under the supervision of a local governor, John Endicott. There had some from Salem found their way across country (or otherwise) to the Mistick valley, and had here settled in the interests of that presiding functionary who was styled governour, and whose name was Matthew Cradock. We have the evidence of that in the testimony of the Spragues, who, coming from Salem
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 29., The Cradock house, past and future. (search)
adock, governor of the company in England, and Endicott, governor of the settlement in Salem. Thus Cradock was more like the president of one of our business enterprises, and, as a matter of fact, he never saw the city of Meadford or the house which so patiently bears his name. We all know from our newspapers that Salem celebrated its tercentenary this last summer of 1926; the London company, in fact, in the year 1626 sent over a colony which settled at Nahumkeeke (Salem), with a few at Cape Ann (Gloucester), and a few at Nantasket. All these, according to an article by Mr. Mann, were under the supervision of the local governor, John Endicott. Now from this colony of Salem, there were apparently some men who had come over in the interest of Cradock. It had been a pretty difficult thing to sit on one side of the Atlantic and make out grants for men on the other, and it is little wonder that grants overlapped and conflicting claims were made. There was the Plymouth plantation, th
squelch secession. Boston Aug. 28.--The resigned officers of the frigate Congress, (Robert Tansill, of Virginia, Captain of Marines; Thomas Wilson, of Missouri, Second Lieut.; Henry B. Claiborne and H. B. Cenas, Midshipmen, both of New Orleans,) have been sent under a guard to Fort Lafayette. Cincinnati,Aug. 29.--The remains of Gen.Lyon arrived here this morning, and was escorted by the military to Smith and Nixon's Hall, where the body now lies in state Large numbers of citizens have visited the hall during the day. The remains will be taken east to night. Boston, August 29--It turns out that the supposed privateer which spoke the Agricola off Cape Ann, and frightened the Captain, was the yacht Wild Pigeon, on a pleasure excursion. The Captain of the Agricola was imposed upon, and supposed he had encountered a genuine privateer. New York, Aug. 29--Ellis B. Schuabel has been arrested for treasonable speeches in Connecticut, and is now confined in Fort Lafayette.
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