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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 20: a brave officer's mortification.--history set right. (search)
ssippi bound for Washington City. Stopping to communicate with the fleet at forts Jackson and St. Philip, he received the rebel flags that had flown over those works and took them on with him as tropuld come up, as you expressed it, I will take care of Fort Jackson ). I was then to open on Fort St. Philip and pass it; but you directed that in case at any time you should come up in the Hartford, bstructions I ordered the helm put a-port and led close to the levee, and under the guns of Fort St. Philip, thinking that the guns of that fort would be trained and sighted for mid-river, and that trrect sketch which accompanied my report of May 6, 1862, upon the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, I have the honor to forward herewith a corrected diagram, showing the position of the vesselsthe fleet under his command went up the Mississippi River to attack and pass Forts Jackson and St. Philip, in order of battle, line ahead, or single file; that I led the fleet into the battle at the h
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 21: capture of New Orleans.--first attack on Vicksburg by Farragut's fleet and mortar flotilla.--junction of flag-officers Farragut and Davis above Vicksburg.--ram Arkansas. (search)
hould such an opportunity offer. It gives me great pleasure also to report that the officers and men of the ships which accompanied me up the river behaved with the same ability and steadiness on this occasion as in passing Forts Jackson and St. Philip. No one behaved better than Commander J. S. Palmer, of the Iroquois, who was not with me on the former occasion. It pains me much to limit my praise, but I cannot speak of those who did not come up. It was their duty to have followed me, with would manage to get a shot or so at the ships after they had passed along. The batteries out of range of the mortars were very severe, and I am sorry to say that some ships lost, in killed and wounded, as many as they did at Forts Jackson and St. Philip. I regret that the mortars were not able to reach these batteries. About the time the Hartford passed, the Octorora's wheel-ropes got jammed below, and there was a fair prospect of drifting out of action, or into some of the vessels astern.
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 22: operations in the Potomac.--destruction of Confederate batteries.--losses by shipwreck, in battle, etc. (search)
onstruction 123 659 3120,290 Total 427 3,268 340,036 Increase since last reported 163 711 122,020 Losses by shipwreck and in battle. Name. Class. Guns. Tonnage Remarks. R. B. Forbes Steamer. 3 329 Wrecked Feb., 1862, coast of North Carolina. Congress Frigate. 50 1,867 In action with Merrimac, March 8, 1862. Cumberland Sloop. 24 1,726 do. Whitehall Steamer. 4 323 At Old Point, March 9, 1862, by fire. M. J. Carlton Mortar Schooner 3 178 Attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip, April 19, 1862. Varuna Steamer. 9 1,300 In action with confederate gun-boats below New Orleans, April 24, 1862. Sidney C. Jones. Mortar schooner 3 245 Grounded below Vicksburg and burned to prevent falling into the hands of the enemy. Island Belle Steamer. 2 123 Grounded in Appomattox river June, 1862, and burned to prevent falling into the hands of the enemy. Adirondack Screw sloop. 9 1,240 Wrecked near Abaco, Aug. 23, 1862. Henry Andrew Steamer. 3 177 Wrecked in a gale ne
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 23: destruction of the ram Arkansas.--capture of Galveston.--capture of the Harriet Lane.--sinking of the Hatteras.--attack on Baton Rouge.--Miscellaneous engagements of the gun-boats. (search)
avis and running the Vicksburg batteries, he proceeded down the river to New Orleans with the Hartford, Richmond, Brooklyn, Pinola and Kennebec. The old mortar fleet, which under Commander Porter had done such good service at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and at Vicksburg, had been divided up and withdrawn from the upper Mississippi, and the river from Baton Rouge to Vicksburg was now virtually left to the Confederates, who deliberately went to work and lined the banks with guns, making, besided; Mississippi, 64 missing, of which 25 were believed to have been killed; Monongahela, 6 killed, 21 wounded:--Total 114 killed, wounded and missing, nearly as heavy a loss as was sustained by the whole fleet at the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip. Rear-Admiral Farragut steamed on up to the mouth of the Red River which he closely blockaded, and remained there until relieved by Rear-Admiral Porter in the Benton on May 2d, 1863, when he returned overland to his fleet below Port Hudson.
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 44: battle of Mobile Bay. (search)
rcoming the rebel fleet, I had the satisfaction to receive this day. Some preliminary account of your operations had previously reached us through rebel channels. Again, it is my pleasure and my duty to congratulate you and your brave associates on an achievement unequalled in our service by any other commander, and only surpassed by that unparalleled naval triumph of the squadron under your command in the spring of 1862, when, proceeding up the Mississippi, you passed forts Jackson and St. Philip, and, overcoming all obstructions, captured New Orleans, and restored unobstructed navigation to the commercial emporium of the great central valley of the Union. The Bay of Mobile was not only fortified and guarded by forts and batteries on shore, and by submerged obstructions, but the rebels had also collected there a formidable fleet, commanded by their highest naval officer, a former captain in the Union Navy, who, false to the Government and the Union, had deserted his country in t
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 49: first attack on Fort Fisher.--destruction of the confederate ram Albemarle, etc. (search)
e greatly outnumbering the enemy, he ignominiously retired, leaving two frail gunboats to attack the Confederate works and be cut to pieces; at Baton Rouge, where he was only saved from defeat and capture by a gun-boat; and at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which works he also reported as substantially uninjured by the Federal bombardment. It is possible, if General Weitzel had been in independent command with the entire responsibility resting on his shoulders, he might have viewed matters at Fo the effect of our fire on the enemy's works, which was to almost silence them. In regard to the damage done, it is, under the circumstances, impossible for any one to tell without a closer inspection, for, as you remember at Forts Jackson and St. Philip, everything from the outside seemed in status quo, hardly any trace of injury was apparent; but on entering and looking around, the terrible effect of the bombardment was manifest at every turn. So, too, at Fort Morgan, little or no injury cou
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 58: conclusion. (search)
y officers who seldom slept, and were scanning the horizon night and day for the sight of an incoming blockade-runner. This was but a small part of the naval service performed. The Navy was called upon to help open the Potomac, and guard the capital; directed to capture the Hatteras forts, and the fortifications in the sounds and rivers of North Carolina. The forts at Hilton Head defied them, but naval officers, with their wooden vessels, dismantled them with shell. Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which French and English officers said would sink the whole Federal Navy, barred the way to New Orleans; the guns of the Navy opened the gates and laid New Orleans captive at the conqueror's feet. Then came the demand that the Navy should open the Mississippi from the Ohio River to the sea, clear out the obstructions in the shape of four hundred guns, and restore the different towns on the banks of that great river to the control of the United States Government. With what was it all t
ents against Fort Pulaski, Fernandina, Savannah, Fort Sumter, and Charleston, and one dated February 23, 1862, addressed to General Butler, containing instructions as to military movements in the Southwest. From this letter an extract is here subjoined:-- The object of your expedition is one of vital importance,--the capture of New Orleans. The route selected is up the Mississippi River, and the first obstacle to be encountered (perhaps the only one) is in the resistance offered by Forts St. Philip and Jackson. It is expected that the navy can reduce these works: in that case, you will, after their capture, leave a sufficient garrison in them to render them perfectly secure; and it is recommended that, on the upward passage, a few heavy guns and some troops be left at the pilot-station (at the forks of the river), to cover a retreat in the event of a disaster. These troops and guns will, of course, be removed as soon as the forts are captured. Should the navy fail to reduce t
n Morris Island, and, being struck by a shot, put about, and left for New York, without even communicating with Major Anderson. In Louisiana, the Federal arsenal at Baton Rouge was seized by order of Gov. Moore on the 11th. Forts Jackson and St. Philip, commanding the passage up the Mississippi to New Orleans, and Fort Pike, at the entrance of Lake Pontchartrain, were likewise seized and garrisoned by State troops. The Federal Mint and Custom-House at New Orleans were left untouched until FeSouth Carolina troops; Fort Pulaski, the defense of the Savannah, had been taken; the Arsenal at Mount Vernon, Alabama, with 20,000 stand of arms, had been seized by the Alabama troops; Fort Morgan, in Mobile Bay, had been taken; Forts Jackson, St. Philip, and Pike, near New Orleans, had been captured by the Louisiana troops; the New Orleans Mint and Custom-House had been taken; the Little Rock Arsenal had been seized by the Arkansas troops [though Arkansas had refused to secede]; and, on the 16
derson, 407; what the Charleston papers said, 407-8; occupied by S. C., 409; fires on Star of the West, 412. Fort Pickens, Fla., occupied by Lieut. Slemmer, 412; order of Bragg, 436; President's Message, 556; Rebel attack on Santa Rosa Island, etc., 601-602. Fort Pike, seized by Louisiana troops, 412. Fort Pulaski, seized by Georgia troops, 411. Fort Scott, Kansas, captured by Montgomery, 285; occupied by Gen. Price, 585. Fort Smith, Ark., seized by Solon Borland, 488. Fort St. Philip, seized by Louisiana, 412. Fort Sumter, 407; Major Anderson takes possession of; what the Charleston papers said, 407-8; the Star of the West, 412; closely invested, 436; Gen. Scott favors the evacuation of, 436; Col. Lamon's visit to Charleston, 442; commencement of the bombardment, 443-4; map of the contest; enthusiasm of the defenders, 445; report of an eye-witness, 446-7; Wigfall visits the fort, 448; the surrender, 448-9; great excitement at the North, 453; the President's Messa
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