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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1780 AD or search for 1780 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lowell, John 1769-1840 (search)
. Mr. Lowell was a founder of the Massachusetts General Hospital, the Boston Athenaeum, the Savings Bank, and the Hospital Life Insurance Company. For many years he was president of the Massachusetts Agricultural Society. He died in Boston, March 12, 1840. Lawyer; born in Newburyport, Mass., June 17, 1743; graduated at Harvard College in 1760; admitted to the bar in 1762, and settled in Boston in 1777. He held a seat in the convention which drew up the constitution of Massachusetts in 1780, and was a member of the committee which drafted that document. It was through his urgency that the clause all men are born free and equal was inserted. In 1783 the State Supreme Court decided that his position respecting slavery was legal and the institution was abolished in Massachusetts. He died in Roxbury, Mass., May 6, 1802. Philanthropist; born in Boston, May 11, 1799; was educated in Edinburgh and at Harvard College until 1815, when he was compelled to travel for the improveme
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McIntosh, Lachlan -1806 (search)
ia with Oglethorpe in 1736 and settled at New Inverness, in what is now McIntosh county, Georgia. Some of his sons and grandsons bore commissions in the army of the Revolution. Lachlan received assistance in the study of mathematics from Oglethorpe. At maturity he entered the Lachlan McIntosh. counting-room of Henry Laurens, in Charleston. as clerk. Making himself familiar with military tactics, he was ready to enter the field when the Revolutionary War began, and he served faithfully in that struggle, rising to the rank of brigadier-general. Button Gwinnett (q. v.), one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, persecuted McIntosh beyond endurance, and he called the persecutor a scoundrel. A duel ensued, and in it Gwinnett was killed. McIntosh was at the siege of Savannah in 1779, and was made a prisoner at Charleston in 1780. In 1784 he was in Congress, and the next year was a commissioner to treat with the Southern Indians. He died in Savannah, Feb. 20, 1806.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McKinly, John 1780- (search)
McKinly, John 1780- ; jurist; born in Culpeper county, Va., May 1, 1780; admitted to the bar of Kentucky in 1801; removed to Huntsville, Ala.; was United States Senator in 1826-31; Representative in Congress in 1833-35. President Van Buren appointed him justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1837, which office he held until his death, in Louisville, Ky., July 19, 1852.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Macon, Nathaniel 1757-1837 (search)
Macon, Nathaniel 1757-1837 Statesman; born in Warren county, N. C., Dec. 17, 1757; was attending college at Princeton when the Revolutionary War broke out; returned home and volunteered as a private soldier in the company of his brother. He was at the fall of Charleston, the disaster to Gates near Camden, and with Greene in his remarkable retreat across the Carolinas. From 1780 to 1785 he was a member of the North Carolina Assembly, and there opposed the ratification of the national Constitution. From 1791 to 1815 he was a member of Congress, and from 1816 to 1828 United States Senator. He was a warm personal friend of Jefferson and Madison, and his name has been given to one of the counties of North Carolina. John Randolph said of him in his will: He is the best, purest, and wisest man that I ever knew. Mr. Jefferson called him The last of the Romans. He selected for his place of burial an untillable ridge, ordered the spot to be marked only by a pile of loose stones, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Marion, Francis (search)
ition against the Cherokees. In 1761 he was made a captain, under Colonel Grant. He led the forlorn hope in the battle of Etchowee, and was among the few who escaped death. On the breaking out of the Revolutionary War, Marion was elected to the South Carolina Provincial Congress; became a captain of Provincial troops; served as major in defence of Fort Sullivan; and was lieutenant-colonel of his regiment at Savannah in 1779, and at the siege of Charleston. Appointed a brigadier-general in 1780, Francis Marion. he began his famous partisan career with only sixteen men. He had gathered many partisans to his standard while Cornwallis was carrying out his reign of terror in South Carolina. Colonel Marion, wrote Cornwallis, so wrought on the minds of the people that there was scarcely an inhabitant between the Santee and Pedee that was not in arms Marion's residence. against us. Some parties even crossed the Santee and carried terror to the gates of Charleston. One of the earl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
John Seymour1704 to 1708 Edward Lloyd1709 to 1713 John Hart1714 to 1715 Under the Baltimores restored (proprietary). John Hart1715 to 1719 Charles Calvert1720 to 1726 Benedict L. Calvert1727 to 1730 Samuel Ogle1731 to 1732 Charles, Lord Baltimore1732 to 1733 Samuel Ogle1734 to 1741 Thomas Bladen1742 to 1745 Samuel Ogle1746 to 1751 Benjamin Tasker1752 Horatio Sharpe1753 to 1768 Robert Eden1769 to 1774 Under the Continental Congress. Thomas Johnson1777 to 1779 Thomas Sim Lee1780 to 1782 William Paca1783 to 1784 William Smallwood1785 to 1788 Under the Constitution. John E. Howard1789 to 1790 George Plater1791 to 1792 Thomas Sim Lee1793 to 1794 John H. Stone1795 to 1797 John Henry1798 Benjamin Ogle1799 to 1801 John F. Mercer1802 to 1803 Robert Bowie1804 to 1805 Robert Wright1806 to 1808 Edward Lloyd1809 to 1810 Robert Bowie1811 to 1812 Levin Winder1813 to 1814 Charles Ridgely1815 to 1817 Charles W. Goldsborough1818 to 1819 Samuel Sprigg1820 to 1822
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
liam Dummer1729 to June, 1730 William TailerJune to Aug., 1730 Jonathan Belcher1730 to 1741 William Shirley1741 to 1749 Spencer Phipps1749 to 1753 William Shirley1753 to 1756 Spencer Phipps1756 to 1757 The CouncilApril to Aug., 1757 Thomas Pownall1757 to 1760 Thomas HutchisonJune to Aug., 1760 Sir Francis Bernard1760 to 1769 Thomas Hutchinson1769 to 1771 Thomas Hutchinson1771 to 1774 The Council1774 to 1780 Governors under the State Constitution. Name.Party.Term. John Hancock1780 to 1785 James Bowdoin1785 to 1787 John Hancock1787 to Oct., 1793 Samuel Adams1793 to 1794 Samuel Adams1794 to 1797 Increase Sumner1797 to June, 1799 Moses Gill1799 to 1800 Caleb StrongFederal.1800 to 1807 James SullivanDem.-Rep.1807 to Dec., 1808 Levi LincolnDem.-Rep.1808 to 1809 Christopher GoreFederal.1809 to 1810 Elbridge GerryDem.-Rep.1810 to 1812 Caleb StrongFederal.1812 to 1816 John BrooksFederal.1816 to 1823 William EustisDem.-Rep.1823 to Feb., 1825 Marcus MortonDem.-Rep
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Matthews, Edward 1729-1805 (search)
s of deposit of Virginia agricultural productions, especially tobacco. They captured and burned not less than 130 merchant vessels in the James and Elizabeth rivers, an unfinished Continental frigate on the stocks at Portsmouth, and eight ships-ofwar on the stocks at Gosport, a short distance above Portsmouth, where the Virginians had established a navy-yard. So sudden and powerful was the attack, that very little resistance was made by Fort Nelson, below Portsmouth, or by the Virginia militia. Matthews carried away or destroyed a vast amount of tobacco and other property, estimated, in the aggregate, at $2,000,000. Afterwards he assisted in the capture of Verplanck's and Stony Point. Appointed major-general, he was stationed at or near New York, and returned to England in 1780; was commander-in-chief of the forces in the West Indies in 1782, and the next year was governor of Grenada and the Caribbean Islands. In 1797 he became a general. He died in Hants, England, Dec. 26, 1805.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maxwell, William 1775- (search)
Maxwell, William 1775- Military officer; born in New Jersey; was made colonel of the 2d New Jersey Battalion in 1775, and served in the campaign in Canada in 1776. He had been in the provincial army continually for fifteen years before the Revolutionary War broke out. In October, 1776, he was appointed brigadier-general, and, in command of a New Jersey brigade, was distinguished at the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. He was in Sullivan's campaign in 1779, and soon after the action at Springfield, N. J., in 1780, he resigned. He died Nov. 12, 1798.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Metcalfe, Thomas 1780-1855 (search)
Metcalfe, Thomas 1780-1855 Legislator; born in Fauquier county, Va., March 20, 1780; became a stone-cutter at the age of sixteen, in Kentucky, whither his parents had removed; devoted all his leisure to study; and became quite a popular public speaker. When the War of 1812-15 broke out he entered the military service, and commanded a company at the siege of Fort Meigs (q. v.), in 1813. After serving several years in the Kentucky legislature, he was a member of Congress in 1819-29; governor of Kentucky in 1828-32; State Senator in 1834, and United States Senator in 1848-49. He died in Nicholas county, Ky., Aug. 18, 1855.
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