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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bayard, James Ashton, 1767- (search)
Federal party. In 1804 he was elected to the United States Senate, in which he distinguished himself in conducting the impeachment of Senator Blount. He was chiefly instrumental in securing the election of Jefferson over Burr in 1800; and made, in the House of Representatives, in 1802, a powerful defence of the existing judiciary system, which was soon overthrown. He was in the Senate when war was declared against Great Britain in 1812. In May, 1813, he left the United States on a mission to St. Petersburg, to treat for peace with Great James Ashton Bayard. Britain under Russian mediation. The mission was fruitless. In January, 1814, he went to Holland, and thence to England. At Ghent, during that year, he, with J. Q. Adams, Clay, Gallatin, and Russell, negotiated a treaty of peace with England. He was preparing to go to England as a commissioner under the treaty, when an alarming illness seized him, and He returned home early in 1815. He died soon after his arrival, Aug. 6.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Birney, James Gillespie, 1792-1864 (search)
legislature; and practised law in Huntsville. Returning to Kentucky in 1834, he emancipated his slaves, and proposed to print there an anti-slavery paper. He could not find a printer to undertake it; so he went to Ohio and established one, at great personal risk, the opposition to abolitionists then being very vehement everywhere. About 1836 he was in New York as secretary of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and tried to build up a political party upon that sole issue. He went to England in 1840, and took part in the anti-slavery movements there. In 1844 he was the candidate of the liberty party (q. v.) for the Presidency, the result of which was not only his own defeat, but that of Henry Clay, the candidate of the Whig party for the same office. Mr. Birney was the father of the meritorious (Gen. David Bell Birney, who did excellent service for the Union in the Civil War, and died in Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 18. 1864. James (G. Birney died in Perth Amboy, N. J., Nov. 25, 1857.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876 (search)
Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876 Statesman: born in Abingdon, Va., April 12, 1791 was originally a supporter of Henry Clay, but became an ardent Jackson man in consequence of the agitation over the Bank of the United States (q. c.), and at the suggestion of the President established The globe in Washington, D. C., which was the recognized organ of the Democratic party until 1845, when President Polk displaced him. The Spanish mission was offered to Mr. Blair by the President, but refused. In 1864 his efforts led to the unsatisfactory peace conference of Feb. 3, 1865. He died in Silver Spring, Md., Oct. 18., 1876.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buena Vista, battle of. (search)
batteries, seeing this sign of weakness, said, quietly, Give 'em a little more grape, Captain Bragg (see Bragg, Braxton). It was done, and just at twilight the Mexicans gave way and fled in considerable confusion. Night closed the battle. Expecting it would be resumed in the morning, the Americans again slept on their arms, but when the day dawned no enemy was to be seen. Santa Ana had fallen back, and in a few days his utterly dispirited army was almost dissolved. In their flight the Mexicans had left about 500 of their comrades, dead or dying, on the field. With these and wounded and prisoners, their loss amounted to almost 2,000 men; that of the Americans, in killed, wounded, and missing, was 746. Among the slain was a son of Henry Clay. On the day of the battle Captain Webster, with a small party of Americans, drove General Minon and 800 Mexicans from Saltillo. Taylor returned to Walnut Springs, where he remained several months, and in the autumn of 1847 he returned home.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
the signal service of the War Department, was transferred, by act of Congress, to this department. The following is a list of all members of Presidential cabinets since the organization of the federal government: Secretaries of State. Name.Appointed. Thomas JeffersonSept.26,1789 Edmund RandolphJan.2,1794 Timothy Pickering Dec.10,1795 John MarshallMay13,1800 James Madison March 5, 1801 Robert Smith March 6, 1809 James Monroe April 2, 1811 John Quincy Adams March 5, 1817 Henry Clay March 7, 1825 Martin Van Buren March 6, 1929 Edward Livingston May 24, 1831 Louis McLane May 29, 1833 John Forsyth June 27, 1834 Daniel Webster March 5, 1841 Hugh S. Legare May 9, 1843 Abel P. Upshur July 24, 1843 John C. Calhoun March 6, 1844 James Buchanan March 6, 1845 John M. Clayton March 7, 1849 Daniel Webster July 22, 1850 Edward Everett Nov. 6, 1852 William L. Marcy March 7, 1853 Lewis CassMarch 6, 1857 Jeremiah S. Black Dec. 17, 1860 William H. Seward .March
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
The article in its constitution which excluded slavery became a cause of violent debate in Congress and of bitter feeling in the South against the people of the North. The Union, so strong in the hearts of the people, was shaken to its centre. Mr. Clay again appeared as a compromiser for the sake of peace and union. It seemed that some compromise was needed to avoid serious difficulty, for already the representatives of the slave interest had taken action, and the Southern members in Congressho should choose the thirteenth) to consider the subject of a territorial government for California New Mexico, and Utah, with instructions to report a plan of compromise embracing all the questions thus arising out of the subject of slavery. Henry Clay was made chairman of that committee. He had already presented (Jan. 25, 1850) a plan of compromise to the South, and spoke eloquently in favor of it (Feb. 5); and on May 8 he reported a plan of compromise in a series of bills, intended to be a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cheves, Langdon 1776-1857 (search)
Cheves, Langdon 1776-1857 Statesman; born in Abbeville District, S. C., Sept. 17, 1776. Admitted to the bar in 1800, he soon became eminent as a lawyer and as a leader in the State legislature, which he entered in 1808. He was attorney-general of the State, and was a member of Congress from 1811 to 1816, zealously supporting all war measures introduced. When, in 1814, Henry Clay was sent to negotiate a treaty of peace with Great Britain, he succeeded the Kentuckian as speaker of the House, which place he held for a year, his casting vote defeating a bill for the rechartering of the United States Bank. The bank was rechartered in 1816; and when in trouble in 1819 Cheves was appointed president of its directors, and by his great energy and keen judgment it was saved from dissolution. He became chief commissioner under the treaty of Ghent for settling some of its provisions. He was a public advocate of disunion as early as the year 1830, but opposed nullification (q. v.). He di
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clay, Henry 1777-1852 (search)
Clay, Henry 1777-1852 Statesman; born in Hanover county, Va., April 12, 1777; received the rudiments of edgress and Speaker in 1811-14. In 1814 he was a Henry Clay at 40. commissioner to treat for peace with Greatelected Speaker of the House of Representatives. Mr. Clay was Secretary of State in the cabinet of John Quinmise measures of 1850, as he did in those of 1832. Mr. Clay did much by his eloquence to arouse a war spirit agton, D. C., June 29, 1852. The secret history of Clay's Compromise Bill in 1832, which quieted rampant nulds. In this extremity a mutual friend arranged with Clay to propose a measure which would satisfy both sides pelled them to make provision to defend themselves. Clay's compromise only postponed civil war a little lese consequences of secession. On Feb. 6, 1850, Senator Clay delivered the following speech in the Senate chaatened with subversion. I want, Mr. President, to Clay's monument at Lexington, Ky. take a very rapid glanc
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colonization Society, American (search)
n Society was adopted at a meeting at Washington, and the first officers were chosen Jan. 1, 1817. All reference to emancipation, present or future, was specially disclaimed by the society, and in the course of the current session of Congress, Henry Clay, John Randolph, Bushrod Washington, and other slave-holders took a leading part in the formation of the society. In March, 1819, Congress appropriated $100,000 for the purpose of sending back to Africa such slaves as should be surreptitiously oundation to 1875 was, in round numbers, $2,400,000, and those of the auxiliary societies a little more than $400,000. The whole number of emigrants that had been sent out to that date by the parent society was nearly 14,000, and the Maryland society had sent about 1,250; also 5,722 Africans recaptured by the United States government had been returned. The society had five presidents —namely, Bushrod Washington, Charles Carroll, James Madison, Henry Clay, and J. H. B. Latrobe—all slave-hold
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Combs, Leslie 1794-1881 (search)
rrison was about to be closely besieged in Fort Meigs (May, 1813), he sent Capt. William Oliver to urge Gen. Clay Green (q. v.) to push forward rapidly with the Kentuckians he was then leading towards the Maumee Rapids. While Colonel Dudley, whom Clay had sent forward, was on his way down the Leslie Combs. Au Glaize River, Clay heard of the perilous condition of Fort Meigs, and resolved to send word to Harrison of his near approach. He called for a volunteer, when Leslie Combs—then nineteeClay heard of the perilous condition of Fort Meigs, and resolved to send word to Harrison of his near approach. He called for a volunteer, when Leslie Combs—then nineteen years of age —promptly responded. When we reach Fort defiance, said Combs, if you will furnish me with a good canoe, I will carry your despatches to General Harrison and return with his orders. I shall only require four or five volunteers and one of my Indian guides to accompany me. Combs was properly equipped, and on May 1 he started on his perilous errand, accompanied by two brothers named Walker and two others (Paxton and Johnson); also by young Black Fish, a Shawnee warrior. They passe<
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