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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jacobs, Benjamin Franklin 1834- (search)
Jacobs, Benjamin Franklin 1834- Philanthropist; born in Paterson, N. J., Sept. 18, 1834; received a liberal education; and engaged in business in Chicago in 1854. At an early age he became deeply interested in Sunday-school work. In 1856 he was superintendent of the First Baptist Mission Sunday-school of Chicago, and in 1864 director of the First Baptist Sunday Choir. During the Civil War he was secretary of the northwestern branch of the United States Christian Commission. He founded the Waif's Mission in Chicago, and with others organized the Immanuel Baptist Church there in 1881, becoming superintendent of its Sunday-school. He originated the International Sunday-school lessons which are used now by all evangelical denominations, In 1872 he became a member of the international lesson committee. For several years he has been chairman of the executive committee of the International Sunday-school Association.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jesup, Morris Ketchum 1830- (search)
Jesup, Morris Ketchum 1830- Philanthropist; born in Westport, Conn., June 21, 1830; removed to New York City; was a clerk in a manufacturing house till 1852, and thence till 1884 was engaged in banking business. He was elected president of the Five Points House of Industry in 1872, and the same year became a founder and president of the Young Men's Christian Association of New York City. In 1881 he was elected president of the New York City Mission and Tract Society, for which he built the DeWitt Memorial Church, in memory of his father-in-law, and also president of the Museum of Natural History, to which he presented a collection of native woods valued at $100,000. He was elected president of the New York Chamber of Commerce in 1899. Besides the above institutions, he has been an officer in the leading benevolent and educational institutions in New York City and elsewhere. Mr. Jesup has been exceedingly liberal in his benefactions, and has extended his aid to a large variety
The following figures are then given: Jewish immigration into the United States, 1885-99. Year.New York.Philadelphia.Baltimore. 188518,5351,076 188627,3482,310 188725,7881,680 188829,6021,761 188922,6741,288 189032,3211,982 189162,5744,9841,581 189252,1343,0395,152 189325,6785,3241,941 189416,3813,8251,902 189527,0652,7912,221 189623,8022,4991,817 189717,2781,7521,654 189822,9212,0792,409 To July, 189912,9091,463 ———————————— Total417,01036,39020,140 Immigration for 1881-8474,310 New York, 1885-99417,010 Philadelphia, 1885-9936,390 Baltimore, 1885-9920,140 ——— Total547,850 If we add this immigration to the estimate of Mr. Hackenburg made in 1880, says Mr. Adler, we can secure a total of 778,107, without making any allowance for the natural increase in twenty years, nor for the immigration through Canada and other ports of the United States than New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. The following tentative estimate by States
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jews and Judaism. (search)
daism. This position of the advanced Reformers is also manifested in the stand which they have taken in regard to the necessity of the Abrahamic covenant. At a meeting of the Central Conference of American (Reformed) Rabbis, held at Baltimore in 1881, a resolution was passed to the effect that no initiatory rite or ceremony was necessary in the case of one desiring to enter the Covenant of Israel, and that such a one had merely to declare his or her intention to worship the one sole and eterna of Bismarck, it spread into Russia, Galicia, Austria, Rumania, and France. In most of these countries it not only found expression in the exclusion of the Jews from all social intercourse with their fellows, but in Russia produced the riots of 1881 and 1882; in Austria and Bohemia the turbulent scene in the Reichstag, and even the pillaging of Jewish houses and Jewish synagogues; in Rumania it received the active support of the government and reduced the Jews there to practical penury; while
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Thomas Cary 1859- (search)
Johnson, Thomas Cary 1859- Clergyman; born in Fishbok Hill, Va., July 19, 1859; graduated at Hampden-Sidney College in 1881 and at Union Theological Seminary, Va., in 1887; was ordained in the Presbyterian Church; became Professor of Ecclesiastical History and Polity at Union Theological Seminary, Va., in 1892. He is the author of A history of the Southern Presbyterian Church; A brief sketch of the United Synod of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jones, Marcus Eugene 1852- (search)
Jones, Marcus Eugene 1852- Scientist; born in Jefferson, O., April 25, 1852; graduated at Iowa College, in 1875; instructor there in 1876-77; Professor of Natural Science in Colorado College in 1879-80; the same in Salt Lake City in 1880-81. He was appointed a special expert in the United States Treasury Department in 1889, and was geologist for the Rio Grande Valley Railroad in 1890-93. Subsequently he established himself as an expert in botany, geology, and mining. He is author of Excursion Botanique; Salt Lake City; Ferns of the West; Some phases of mining in Utah; Botany of the Great plateau; and Geology of Utah.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Judd, Albert Francis 1838- (search)
Judd, Albert Francis 1838- Jurist; born in the Hawaiian Islands, Jan. 7, 1838; graduated at Yale University in 1862; elected to the Hawaiian legislature in 1868; appointed attorney-general of the Hawaiian Islands in 1873; a justice of the Supreme Court of the islands in 1874; chief-justice in 1881. He died in Honolulu, May 20, 1900.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Judson, Edward 1844- (search)
Judson, Edward 1844- Clergyman; born in Maulmain, Burma, Dec. 27, 1844; son of Adoniram Judson. He was brought to the United States in 1850; studied in Hamilton and Madison (now Colgate) universities; graduated at Brown University in 1865. In 1867-74 he was Professor of Latin and Modern Languages in Madison University; in 1874-75 travelled in foreign countries; and, returning to the United States, was pastor of the North Baptist Church in Orange, N. J., till 1881, when he resigned to take up mission work in New York. He became pastor of the Berean Baptist Church, in a down-town district, and afterwards built the Judson Memorial on Washington Square. In 1897 he was appointed instructor in Pastoral Theology at Colgate Theological Seminary. He has published a Life of Adoniram Judson.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kasson, John Adam 1822- (search)
raduated at the University of Vermont in 1842; and was admitted to the bar in Massachusetts. Removing to St. Louis, Mo., he practised till 1857, when he settled in Des Moines, Ia. In 1861-62 he was first assistant Postmaster-General; in 1863-67 was a member of Congress, and in 1863 and 1867 the United States commissioner to the international postal Congress. He again served in Congress in 1873-77, and in the latter year was appointed United States minister to Austria, where he remained till 1881, when he was again elected to Congress. In 1884-85 he was minister to Germany, and in 1893 envoy to the Samoan international conference. President McKinley appointed him United States special commissioner plenipotentiary to negotiate reciprocity treaties in 1897, under the Dingley tariff act: and in 1898 he became a member of the Anglo-American Joint High Commission. He resigned the office of reciprocity commissioner in March, 1901, owing to the failure of the Fifty-Sixth Congress to act o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Keeler, James Edward 1857- (search)
Keeler, James Edward 1857- Astronomer; born in La Salle, Ill., Sept. 10, 1857; graduated at Johns Hopkins University in 1881; and in the same year accompanied Professor Langley on the Mount Whitney expedition for the study of solar physics. He then went abroad and studied for two years with Quincke, in Heidelberg, and with Von Helmholz, in Berlin. He was appointed assistant astronomer of the Lick Observatory in 1886, and when the observatory was transferred to the State (June, 1888), he was made full astronomer. He was director of the Allegheny Observatory in 1889-98, and on June 1, 1898, was made director of the Lick Observatory. Professor Keeler was a member of many American and foreign scientific societies, among them the Royal Astronomical Society of Great Britain, and in 1898 was awarded the Rumford medal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He wrote extensively for The Astrophysical journal and other technical periodicals. He died on Mount Hamilton, Cal., Aug.
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