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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 4 (search)
icient amount of artillery to oppose successfully the extraordinary force of that arm employed by the enemy.—Ibid., p. 12 See also report of General Pendleton, Chief of Artillery, Ibid., p. 227. Afterwards, Magruder and Huger attacked, but it was without order or ensemble, a brigade, or even a regiment, being thrown forward at a time. Each, in succession, met a like reception from the steady lines of infantry and the concentrated fire from the artillery reserve, under its able commander, Colonel Hunt. The attacks fell mainly on Porter on the left, and on Couch; and the success of the day was in a large degree due to the skill and coolness of the latter, who, as holding the hottest part of the Union line, was gradually re-enforced by the brigades of Caldwell, Sickles, Meagher, and several of Porter's, till he came to command the whole left centre, displaying in his conduct of the battle a high order of generalship. Night closed on the combatants still fighting, the opposing forces
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 6 (search)
l Hooker. The Ninth Corps, of Burnside's old force, was under General Reno. Sumner continued to command his own (Second) corps, and also controlled the Twelfth (Banks' old command), which was placed under General Mansfield, a veteran soldier, but who had not thus far been in the field. The Sixth Corps, under General Franklin, embraced the divisions of Smith (W. F.), Slocum, and Couch. Porter's did not leave Washington until the 12th of September, and rejoined the army at Antietam. General H. J. Hunt, who had been in command of the reserve artillery on the Peninsula, relieved General Barry as chief of artillery, and remained in that position till the close of the war. General Pleasonton commanded the cavalry division. The army with which McClellan set out on the Maryland campaign, made an aggregate of eighty-seven thousand one hundred and sixty-four men, of all arms. The uncertainty at first overhanging Lee's intentions caused the advance from Washington to be made with much c
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 7 (search)
it could neutralize the efforts of the enemy to oppose the construction of bridges. But the thought of what must come after the crossing was one to give pause to every reflecting mind. During the night of the 10th, under direction of Chief-of-Artillery Hunt, the Stafford Heights were crowned by a powerful artillery force, consisting of twenty-nine batteries of one hundred and forty-seven guns, destined to reply to the enemy's batteries, to control his movements on the plain, to command theick of the bombardment, a fresh attempt was made to complete the one half-finished bridge opposite the town; but this too failed. The day was wearing away, and affairs were at a dead-lock. In this state of facts, the chief of artillery, Brigadier-General Hunt, an officer of a remarkably clear judgment, made a suggestion that proved the fit thing to be done. He proposed that a party should be sent across the river in the open ponton-boats, and that after dislodging or capturing the opposing fo
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 8 (search)
., p. 95) as twenty-two thousand; and the effective of the First and Third corps, by the same authority, was thirty-five thousand. There remains the Second Corps, to which, if we give a minimum of eighteen thousand, there will result the aggregate of one hundred and nineteen thousand six hundred and sixty-one. (infantry and artillery), with a body of twelve thousand well-equipped cavalry, Pleasonton: Official Returns, May 27th. and a powerful artillery force of above four hundred guns. Hunt: Report of Artillery Operations. It was divided into seven corps—the First Corps under General Reynolds; the Second under General Couch; the Third under General Sickles; the Fifth under General Meade; the Sixth under General Sedgwick; the Eleventh under General Howard; and the Twelfth under General Slocum. Generals Franklin and Sumner both retired from the Army of the Potomac after the change of commander. The latter was assigned to a command in the West, but died soon afterwards at his h
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 9 (search)
ts' battery. The cannoneers of both batteries stood well to their guns, and when no longer able to hold them, fought with handspikes, rammers, and even stones. Hunt: Report of Artillery at Gettysburg. Howard's troops were considerably shaken by the assault; but the firmness of the artillery and the opportune arrival of Carrollthe ominous silence was broken by a terrific outburst from this massive concentration of the enginery of war. Ample means for a reply in kind were at hand; for General Hunt, the chief of artillery, had crowned the ridge along the left and left centre, on which it was manifest the attack was to fall, with eighty guns—a number not aies of the artillery reserve, sent forward by its efficient chief, Colonel R. O. Tyler. Withholding the fire until the first hostile outburst had spent itself, General Hunt then ordered the batteries to open; and thus from ridge to ridge was kept up for near two hours a Titanic combat of artillery that caused the solid fabric of t
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 11 (search)
n throughout the army. A fit leader for the cavalry corps had long been wanting. This desideratum was fully filled by the appointment of Major-General P. H. Sheridan. Although his experience had been confined to that of a divisional general of infantry in the West, enough was known of his character to justify the nomination, and his first campaign left no doubt of his preeminent fitness for the command. The staff organization of the Army of the Potomac remained unchanged. Brigadier-General H. J. Hunt continued to be the efficient chief of artillery; Major James C. Duane was chief-engineer, and Brigadier-General Rufus Ingalls. facile princeps of quartermasters, remained at the head of that great department of administrative service so long under his charge. This much for the Army of the Potomac. It should be added, that about the time it began active operations, it was re-enforced by the Ninth Corps under General Burnside, who, however, commanded it independently of Genera
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 12 (search)
, in which an auspicious issue was only to be expected from systematic operations and a well-considered combination of effort. This will be manifest from a brief description of the relative situation of the opposing armies. Growing in strength day by day, the Confederate line of defence had, by the beginning of July, become so formidable that assault was pronounced impracticable by the chiefs of artillery and of engineers. Report of an Examination of the Enemy's Lines, July 6th, by General Hunt, chief of artillery, and Major Duane, chief-engineer. This line consisted of a chain of redans, connected by infantry parapets of a powerful profile, while the approaches were completely obstructed by abatis, stakes, and entanglements. Beginning at the south bank of the Appomattox, it enveloped Petersburg on the east and south, stretching westward beyond the furthest reach of the left flank of the Union army. A continuation of the same system to the north side of the Appomattox protecte
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
strength of his army after Chancellorsville, 310; dispatch anticipating Lee's intentions, 311; dispatch on Confederate movements on Culpepper, 312; dispositions to guard the Rappahannock line, 314: plans on Lee's invasion and opinions at Washington, 315; retrograde movement towards Washington, 316; the army concentrated at Frederick, 320; plan of menacing Lee's rear towards Chambersburg, 321; dispatch to Halleck, urging abandonment of Harper's Ferry, 322; resigns command of the army, 323. Hunt, appointed chief of artillery, 197; plan of crossing Rappahannock, 241. Hunter, General, operations in the Shenandoah, 468; victory at Piedmont, and subsequent retreat, 469; succeeded by General Sheridan, 555. Interior line, the Confederate, in Virginia, 44. Jackson, General T. J. (Stonewall), history of, 28; origin of the title Stonewall at Manassas, 54; his maxim, mystery is the secret of success, 283; position between the Shenandoah and Swift Run Gap, 124; forces Banks from Winchest
dnance bureau that he apprehended an assault on the armory, and that he had organized the armorers into volunteer companies for its protection. The next day, Maj. H. J. Hunt, of the Second artillery, was assigned to command at Harper's Ferry and Lieut. R. Jones was ordered to report to him for duty with 60 picked men of the mounted rifles from Carlisle barracks. Hunt was instructed by Adjutant-General Cooper to dis. pose his force to protect the armory, but to make no display of it that would cause irritation. He arrived and took command on the 5th. On the 2d of April, Lieutenant Jones succeeded Hunt in command. His force on the 18th of April was but 4Hunt in command. His force on the 18th of April was but 45 men. Just before that date he sent a message to Secretary of War Cameron, asking for a large reinforcement if it was the intention to save the contents of the armory. To this he had no reply and was left to act on his own judgment. On Thursday morning, April 18th, Col. A. M. Barbour, who had resigned the superintendency of the
Heintzelman's divisions got back to Centreville, they had walked about 25 miles. That night they walked back to the Potomac, an additional distance of 20 miles; so that these undisciplined and unseasoned men within thirty-six hours walked fully 45 miles, besides fighting from about 10 a. m. until 4 p. m. on a hot, dusty day in July. McDowell, in person, reached Centreville before sunset, and found there Miles' division, with Richardson's brigade and three regiments of Runyon's division, and Hunt's. Tidball's, Ayres' and Greene's batteries and one or two fragments of batteries, making about 20 guns. It was a formidable force, but there was a lack of food and the mass of the army was completely demoralized. Beauregard had about an equal force which had not been in the fight, consisting of Ewell's, Jones' and Longstreet's brigades and some troops of other brigades. McDowell consulted the division and brigade commanders who were at hand upon the question of making a stand or retreatin
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