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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
s captured from or surrendered by the Confederate government are also in charge of this bureau of records. The first Attorney-General of the United States, Edmund Randolph, of Virginia, was appointed under act of Congress of Sept. 24, 1789. The Attorney-General is required to act as attorney for the United States in all suits ill members of Presidential cabinets since the organization of the federal government: Secretaries of State. Name.Appointed. Thomas JeffersonSept.26,1789 Edmund RandolphJan.2,1794 Timothy Pickering Dec.10,1795 John MarshallMay13,1800 James Madison March 5, 1801 Robert Smith March 6, 1809 James Monroe April 2, 1811 John Qson S. BissellMarch 6, 1893 William L. WilsonFeb. 28, 1895 James A. GaryMarch 5, 1897 Charles E. SmithApril21, 1898 March 5, 1901 Attorneys-General. Edmund Randolph Sept.26,1789 William BradfordJan.27,1794 Charles Lee Dec. 10,1795 Theophilus Parsons Feb. 20,1801 Levi Lincoln March 5,1801 Robert Smith March 3,1805 J
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Constitution of the United States (search)
delphia in May following, for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation. Delegates were appointed by all the States excepting Rhode Island. The convention assembled at the appointed time (May 14), but only one-half the States were then represented. The remainder did not all arrive before May 24. Washington, who was a delegate from Virginia, was chosen president of the convention, and William Jackson, one of his most intimate friends, was made secretary. Edmund Randolph, of Virginia, opened the proceedings by a carefully prepared speech, in which the defects of the existing Constitution were pointed out. At its conclusion he offered fifteen resolutions, in which were embodied the leading principles whereon to construct a new form of government. In these was the suggestion that a national government ought to be established, consisting of a supreme legislature, executive, and judiciary. Upon this broad idea the convention proceeded, and had not gone
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Depew, Chauncey Mitchell, 1834- (search)
he unimpaired vigor and resources of the wisest brain, the most hopeful philosophy, and the largest experience of the times. Oliver Ellsworth, afterwards chief-justice of the United States, and the profoundest juror in the country; Robert Morris, the wonderful financier of the Revolution, and Gouverneur Morris, the most versatile genius of his period; Roger Sherman, one of the most eminent of the signers of the Declaration of Independence; and John Rutledge, Rufus King, Elbridge Gerry, Edmund Randolph, and the Pinckneys, were leaders of unequalled patriotism, courage, ability, and learning; while Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as original thinkers and constructive statesmen, rank among the immortal few whose opinions have for ages guided ministers of state, and determined the destinies of nations. This great convention keenly felt, and with devout and serene intelligence met, its tremendous responsibilities. It had the moral support of the few whose aspirations for liberty
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal convention, the. (search)
ody. The officers of the Revolution were represented by Washington, Mifflin, Hamilton, and C. C. Pinckney. Of the members who had taken conspicuous posts since the Declaration of Independence, the most prominent were Hamilton, Madison, and Edmund Randolph. then the successor of Patrick Henry as governor of Virginia. The members who took the leading part in the debates were Gerry, Gorham, and King, of Massachusetts; Johnson, Sherman, and Ellsworth, of Connecticut; Hamilton and Lansing, of Nee—George Read, Gunning Bedford, Jr., John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, and Jacob Broom; Maryland—James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel Carroll, John Francis Mercer, and Luther Martin; Virginia—George Washington, Patrick Henry, Edmund Randolph, John Blair, James Madison, Jr., George Mason, and George Wythe. Patrick Henry having declined the appointment, George McClure was nominated to supply his place; North Carolina—Richard Caswell, Alexander Martin, William Richardson Davie, R
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fremont, John Charles 1813-1890 (search)
issouri were gathered for the purpose of seizing Cairo and Bird's Point, Fremont was not molested in his mission, and Prentiss, at the former place, was amply strengthened. Pillow and Thompson and Hardee, who had advanced in that direction, fell back, and became very discreet. Fremont returned to St. Louis on Aug. 4, having accomplished his wishes and spread alarm among the Confederates. Polk, at Memphis, ordered Pillow to evacuate New Madrid, with his men and heavy guns, and hasten to Randolph and Fort Pillow, on the Tennessee shore. When news of the battle at Wilson's Creek, and the death of Lyon, reached St. Louis, the Confederates were jubilant. Fremont immediately proclaimed martial law, and appointed a provost-marshal. Some of the most active Confederates were arrested, and the publication of newspapers charged with disloyalty was suspended. But the condition of public affairs in Missouri was becoming more and more alarming. The provisional government was almost powerle
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jay, John 1817-1894 (search)
carrying-trade, and such an article was wholly inadmissible. The President had determined, before the meeting of the Senate, to ratify the treaty; and when it was laid before the cabinet all agreed with him excepting the Secretary of State (Edmund Randolph, of Virginia), who raised the point that by the ratification, before an obnoxious British Order in Council concerning neutrals should be repealed, the British claim to the right of search and impressment would be conceded by the Americans. s concerning the provisions of the treaty soon appeared. The Democratic societies and newspapers had resolved to oppose and attack the treaty whatever might be its provisions. They had opposed the mission to negotiate it. After it was received Randolph revealed enough of its character to give a foundation for many attacks upon it in the newspapers. It was denounced as a pusillanimous surrender of American rights. In order to prevent misrepresentations, and to elicit the expressions of the p
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Presidential administrations. (search)
rs, with the political complexion of both the executive and legislative departments of the national government, have been as follows: 1789-93: Washington; Adams, Vice-President, Federalist; Jefferson, State; Hamilton, Treasury; Knox, War; Edmund Randolph, Attorney-General. Congress, Federalist; Muhlenberg and Trumbull speakers. 1793-97: Washington and Adams again; Jefferson, then Randolph, State; Hamilton, then Wolcott, Treasury; other minor changes. Congress, 1793-95, Republican House; Randolph, State; Hamilton, then Wolcott, Treasury; other minor changes. Congress, 1793-95, Republican House; Muhlenberg, speaker; 1795-97, Dayton, speaker. 1797-1801: Adams, Federalist; Jefferson, Vice-President, Republican; Pickering, State; Wolcott, Treasury. Congress, Federalist; Dayton and Sedgwick, speakers. 1801-5: Jefferson; Burr, Vice-Presi- dent, Republican; Madison, State; Gallatin, Treasury. Congress, Republican; Macon, speaker. 1805-9: Jefferson; George Clinton, Vice-President, Republican; Madison, State; Gallatin, Treasury. Congress, Republican; Macon and Varnum, speakers. 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Randolph, Edmund (Jennings) 1753-1813 (search)
the national Constitution, in which he Edmund Randolph. introduced the Virginia plan. He voted disturbance in western Pennsylvania was known Randolph came to his lodgings and requested a private ainst the Secretary of the Treasury. He says Randolph informed him that the persistence in enforcinave been formed from information given him by Randolph, who, two or three days before Washington's pribing the delay in ratifying Jay's treaty to Randolph, communicated Fouchet's despatch to Wolcott, ounded. What shall be done with the treaty? Randolph opposed the ratification vehemently. The oth When copies of the treaty had been signed by Randolph as Secretary of State, Washington presented tid, what Fouchet referred to when he spoke of Randolph as asking for money for himself and some brotnd about to sail for France. Fouchet gave to Randolph an explanatory letter that was very unsatisfactory. Randolph published a vindication, but it, too, was very unsatisfactory, and he retired from
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State sovereignty. (search)
neral Congress as representatives of the nationality of the confederation; that when, a few years afterwards, they adopted a Constitution, whose preamble began, We the people (not the States) of the United States, it was ratified by the people assembled in representative conventions, and not by the State legislatures, and so disowned all independent State sovereignty, which the opponents of the doctrine declare never existed either as colonies or States. James Madison, in a letter to Edmund Randolph, in April, 1787, wrote: I hold it for a fundamental point that an individual independence of the States is utterly irreconcilable with the idea of aggregate sovereignty. Washington, in a letter to John Jay, in March, 1787, on the subject of a national Constitution, said: A thirst for power, and the bantling—I had liked to have said the monster—sovereignty, which has taken such fast hold of the States individually, will, when joined by the many whose personal consequence in the line of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
......June 9, 1794 Whiskey insurrection in western Pennsylvania......July–November, 1794 Gen. Anthony Wayne defeats the Indians near Maumee Rapids, in Ohio......Aug. 20, 1794 French minister Fanchet's despatch supposed to compromise Edmund Randolph, Secretary of State, intercepted by the British, and shown to the United States government; Randolph resigns......1794 Second session opens at Philadelphia, Pa.......Nov. 3, 1794 Draft of treaty with England agreed to by John Jay, specRandolph resigns......1794 Second session opens at Philadelphia, Pa.......Nov. 3, 1794 Draft of treaty with England agreed to by John Jay, special envoy......Nov. 19, 1794 Stringent naturalization law passed, requiring renunciation of titles of nobility......Jan. 29, 1795 Act passed for gradual redemption of public debt......1795 Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury, resigns......January, 1795 Third Congress adjourns......March 3, 1795 President calls the Senate together to consider the Jay treaty with England......June 8, 1795 General Wayne's treaty with the Ohio Indians at Greenville; they cede 25,000 square miles...
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