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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barker, Jacob, -1871 (search)
in. He began trade in New York when quite Jacob Barker. young, and at twenty-one he owned four ships and a brig, and was largely engaged in commercial transactions. As a State Senator, and while sitting in the Court of Errors, he gave an opinion in an insurance case in opposition to Judge Kent, and was sustained by the court. During the War of 1812 his ships were all captured. Being in Washington, D. C., during its sack by the British (August, 1814), he assisted Mrs. Madison in saving Stuart's portrait of Washington, then hanging in the President's house, which was set on fire a few hours later. Barker was a banker, a dealer in stocks, and a general and shrewd financier for many years. He finally established himself in New Orleans in 1834, where he was admitted to the bar as a lawyer, and soon became a political and business leader there. He made and lost several fortunes during his long life. The Civil War wrought his financial ruin, and late in 1867 he was again in bankrup
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brandy Station, skirmish near. (search)
skirmish near. While Meade, with the Army of the Potomac, was halting on the north side of the Rappahannock River, in the summer of 1863, is cavalry were not idle. On Aug. 1, General Buford, with his troopers, dashed across that river, struck Stuart's cavalry, and pushed them back almost to Culpeper Court-House. So vigorous and sudden was the assault that the daring Confederate leader and his staff came near being captured at a house near Brandy Station, where they were about to dine. Theyf came near being captured at a house near Brandy Station, where they were about to dine. They left their dinner untouched and immediately decamped, leaving the viands to be eaten by the Union officers. Buford pursued, and from Auburn (the residence of the stanch Virginia Unionist, John Minor Botts) there was a running fight back towards Brandy Station; for, strongly confronted there by Stuart. Buford became a fugitive in turn. In that engagement he lost 140 men, of whom sixteen were killed.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bull Run, battles of. (search)
eutenant in the field, and his division began the attack. Ricketts and Griffin advanced with their troops, and planted their batteries on an elevation that commanded the whole plateau, with the immediate support of Ellsworth's Fire Zouaves, commanded by Colonel Farnham. To the left of these batteries, New York, Massachusetts, and Minnesota troops took a position. As the artillery and the Zouaves were advancing, they were suddenly attacked on the flank by Alabamians in ambush, and then by Stuart's Black Horse Cavalry in the rear, and the Zouaves recoiled. At that moment Heintzelman ordered up a Minnesota regiment to support the batteries, when the Confederates in overwhelming force delivered a fire on these guns that disabled them by prostrating the men. Both sides suffered dreadfully. When Johnston heard of the slaughter, he exclaimed, Oh, for four regiments! It was now three o'clock. His wish was more than gratified. Just then he saw a cloud of dust in the direction of the M
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chancellorsville, battle of (search)
Chancellor, and sent out Pleasonton's cavalry to reconnoitre. A part of these encountered the Confederate cavalry, under Stuart, and were defeated. Lee had called Stonewall Jackson's large force to come up when he perceived Sedgwick's movements. s his right, with Pleasonton's cavalry near. Lee's forces had the Virginia cavalry of Owen and Wickham on the right, and Stuart's and a part of Fitzhugh Lee's on the left. McLaws's forces occupied the bridge on the east of the Big Meadow Swamp, andnsented. With 25,000 men Jackson made the perilous movement, marching swiftly and steadily through the thick woods, with Stuart's cavalry between his forces and those of the Nationals. But the movement was early discovered; the Nationals, however, ncellorsville, crush every impediment and join the main army. Each army made disposition for a battle on Sunday morning. Stuart advanced to the attack with Lee's left wing, and when he came in sight of the Nationals he shouted, Charge, and remember
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Drainsville, skirmish at. (search)
Drainsville, skirmish at. The loyal people of the country became impatient because the Army of the Potomac, fully 200,000 strong, at the end of 1861, was seemingly kept at bay by 60,000 Confederates—a little more than their number at Manassas. There was a sense of relief when, on Dec. 20, Gen. E. O. C. Ord had a sharp skirmish with Confederate cavalry near Drainsville, led by Col. J. E. B. Stuart. Ord had gone out to capture Confederate foragers, and to gather forage from the farms of Confederates. He was attacked by Stuart, who had come up from Centreville. A severe fight occurred, and the Confederates were beaten and fled. The Nationals lost seven killed and sixteen wounded; the Confederates lost forty-three killed and 143 wounded. The Nationals returned to camp with sixteen wagon-loads of hay and twenty-two of corn.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McClellan, Henry Brainerd 1840- (search)
McClellan, Henry Brainerd 1840- Educator; born in Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 17, 1840; graduated at Williams College in 1858; joined the Confederate army in 1862; was made assistant adjutant-general of cavalry in the Army of Northern Virginia in 1863; was also chief of staff to Gens. Wade Hampton and James E. B. Stuart. He became principal of the Sayre Female Institute in Lexington, Ky., in 1870. He published Life and campaigns of Maj.-Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, commander of the cavalry of the army of Northern Virginia, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Peninsular campaign, (search)
s, action at)May 25, 1862 Hanover Court-houseMay 27, 1862 [Fitz-John Porter, with a corps of 12,000 men, is ordered by McClellan to destroy the bridges over the South Anna, as instructed to do from Washington; opposed by the Confederates under Branch at Hanover Court-house, he defeats them.] Porter returns to his former position at Gaines's MillsMay 29, 1862 battle of fair Oaks (q. v.) or seven PINESMay 31-June 1, 1862 Robt. E. Lee assumes command of the ConfederatesJune 3, 1862 Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, with a small cavalry division, passes around the Army of the PotomacJune 12-13, 1862 battle of Mechanicsville (q. v.)June 26, 1862 battle of Gaines's Mills (q. v.)June 27, 1862 First siege of Richmond abandoned; Keyes's corps ordered to the James on the evening ofJune 27, 1862 [Lee, failing to comprehend McClellan's plans, loses the whole of June 28 in false movements.] Battle of Savage's Station; Summer repulses MagruderJune 29, 1862 Entire Army of the Potomac safely across Wh
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stuart, James Ewell, Brown 1833-1864 (search)
Stuart, James Ewell, Brown 1833-1864 Military officer; born in Patrick county, Va., Feb. 6, 1833; graduated at West Point in 1854 and entered the cavalry corps in 1855; served against the Cheyenne Indians and was wounded in 1857; left the army and joined the Confederates in 1861, receiving the commission of colonel of a Virginia cavalry regiment. He was one of the most daring of the cavalry officers in the Confederate army. At about the middle of June, 1862, he, with 1,500 cavalry and two, crossed the Chickahominy on a hastily built bridge, and then leisurely returned to Richmond on the Charles City road. He was especially active on the flanks of McClellan's army, and in the next year during the Gettysburg campaign, though invariably defeated by the National cavalry. In Grant's campaign against Richmond, in 1S64, he was mortally wounded in an encounter with Sheridan's cavalry near the Confederate capital, and died in Richmond, June 12, 1864. The wounding of General Stuart.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
.....June 7, 1862 Battle of Cross Keys, Va.......June 8, 1862 Battle of Port Republic, Va.......June 9, 1862 Confederate cavalry, 1,500 men, under Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, pass around Army of the Potomac......June 12-13, 1862 Slavery forever prohibited in the Territories......June 19, 1862 Army of Virginia formed and printh, Miss......Oct. 3-4, 1862 Battle of Perryville, Ky......Oct. 8, 1862 Eighteen hundred Confederate cavalry, with four pieces of artillery, under Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, cross the Potomac for a raid into Pennsylvania......Oct. 10, 1862 They reach and occupy Chambersburg, Pa., on Oct. 11, and return to Virginia through Mr the invasion of the North......June 3, 1863 Cavalry battle at Beverly's Ford, Va., between Generals Pleasanton, Buford, and Gregg, and the Confederate Gen. J. E. B. Stuart......June 9, 1863 C. L. Vallandigham nominated for governor by the Ohio Democratic Convention......June 11, 1863 General Hooker begins the movement o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Valentine, Edward Virginius 1838- (search)
Valentine, Edward Virginius 1838- Sculptor; born in Richmond, Va., Nov. 12. 1838; received a private education: studied drawing and modelling in Richmond and went to Paris for further study in 1859. On his return to the United States he opened a studio in Richmond and exhibited a statuette of Robert E. Lee. Among his works are portrait busts of General Beauregard, Gen. James E. B. Stuart, Stonewall Jackson, Edwin Booth, and a marble figure of Gen. Robert E. Lee, in the mausoleum of the Memorial Chapel in Washington and Lee University.
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