Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Long Island City (New York, United States) or search for Long Island City (New York, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French assistance. (search)
ies. On all points of precedence and etiquette the French officers were instructed to give place to the American officers. At the solicitation of Washington, the French fleet at Newport sailed for the Virginia waters to assist in capturing Arnold, then marauding in Virginia. The fleet was to co-operate with Lafayette, whom Washington had sent to Virginia for the same purpose. The British blockading squadron, which had made its winter-quarters in Gardiner's Bay, at the eastern end of Long Island, pursued the French vessels, and off the Capes of Virginia a sharp naval engagement occurred, in which the latter were beaten and returned to Newport. This failure on the part of the French fleet caused Lafayette to halt in his march at Annapolis, Md. Two of the French vessels, taking advantage of a storm that disabled the blockading squadron, entered Chesapeake Bay (February, 1781). Thus threatened by land and water, Arnold withdrew to Portsmouth, so far up the Elizabeth River as to b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fuller, Sarah Margaret, Marchioness D'ossoli 1810- (search)
Fuller, Sarah Margaret, Marchioness D'ossoli 1810- Author; born in Cambridge, Mass., May 23, 1810; at the age of seventeen read French, Italian, Spanish, and German fluently; became a teacher in Boston in 1835; and, two years later, in Providence, R. I. She formed classes for young ladies in Boston for training in conversation, and the next year (1840) became editor of the Dial, the organ of the Transcendentalists (q. v.), to which she contributed articles on the social condition of women. In 1844 she became literary editor of the New York Tribune. Miss Fuller travelled in Europe, and, visiting Italy in 1847, she married the Marquis d'ossoli. In 1850, returning to her native country with her husband and child, the vessel was wrecked on the southern coast of Long Island, and all three were drowned, July 16, 1850. Her writings are held in the highest estimation, and have made a deep impression upon features of social life in America.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gardiner, lion 1599-1829 (search)
Gardiner, lion 1599-1829 Military officer; born in England in 1599; was sent to America in 1635 by the proprietors for the purpose of laying out a city, towns, and forts at the mouth of the Connecticut River. He built the fort which he called Saybrook after Lord Saye and Sele and Lord Brooke. In 1639 he purchased Gardiner's Island, at the extremity of Long Island, then known by the Indian name of Manchonat, and at first called Isle of Wight by Gardiner. He secured a patent for the island, which made it a plantation entirely distinct and separate from any of the colonies. It contains about 3,300 acres, and has descended by law of entail through eight lords of the manor, the last being David Johnson, who died in 1829. From him the property was passed through the hands of his two brothers and two sons. This is believed to be the only property in the United States which has descended by entail to its present holders (see entail of estates). The manor house built in 1775 is stil
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George, Fort, (search)
George, Fort, The name of four defensive works connected with warfare in the United States. The first was erected near the outlet of Lake George, N. Y., and, with Fort William Henry (q. v.) and other works, was the scene of important operations during the French and Indian War (q. v.) of 1755-59. The second was on Long Island. In the autumn of 1780, some Rhode Island Old relic at Fort George. Tory refugees took possession of the manor-house of Gen. John Smith, at Smith's Point, L. I., fortified it and the grounds around it, and named the works Fort George, which they designed as a depository of stores for the British in New York. They began cutting wood for the British army in the city. At the solicitation of General Smith, and the approval of Washington, Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge crossed the Sound from Fairfield, with eighty dismounted dragoons, and landed, on the evening of Nov. 21, at Woodville. There he remained until the next night, on account of a storm. At the m
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), German mercenaries. (search)
the colonists. When any brutal act of oppression or wrong was to be carried out, such as a plundering or burning expedition, the Hessians were generally employed in the service. The transaction was regarded by other nations as disgraceful to the British. The King of Great Britain shrank from the odium it inflicted, and refused to give commissions to German recruiting officers (for he knew their methods of forcing men into the service), saying, It, in plain English, amounts to making me a kidnapper, which I cannot think a very honorable occupation. All Europe cried Shame! and Frederick the Great, of Prussia, took every opportunity to express his contempt for the scandalous man-traffic of his neighbors. Without these troops, the war would have been short. A part of them, under Riedesel, went to Canada (May, 1776); the remainder, under Knyphausen and De Heister, joined the British under Howe, before New York, and had their first encounter on Long Island, Aug. 27. See Hessians.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Glover, John 1732-1797 (search)
Glover, John 1732-1797 Military officer; born in Salem, Mass., Nov. 5, 1732; at the beginning of the Revolution raised 1,000 men at Marblehead and joined the army at Cambridge. His regiment, being composed almost wholly of fishermen, was called the Amphibious Regiment, and in the retreat from Long Island it manned the boats. It also manned the boats at the crossing of the Delaware before the victory at Trenton. Glover was made brigadier-general in February, 1777, and joined the Northern army under General Schuyler. He did good service in the campaign of that year, and led Burgoyne's captive troops to Cambridge. He was afterwards with Greene in New Jersey, and Sullivan in Rhode Island. He died in Marblehead, Jan. 30, 1797.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gould, Helen Miller 1868- (search)
elen Miller 1868- Philanthropist; born in New York City, June 20, 1868; daughter of Jay Gould; has been actively associated with benevolent work. When the war with Spain began in 1898 she gave the United States government $100,000 to be used at the discretion of the authorities. She was also actively identified with the Woman's National War Relief Association and freely contributed to its work. When the sick, wounded, and convalescent soldiers from Cuba were taken to Camp Wikoff on Long Island, she gave her personal services and also $25,000 for needed supplies. Among her other benefactions are $250,000 to the University of New York for a new library (secretly given in 1895), and later $60,000 for additional cost; $60,000 to Rutgers College, New Brunswick, N. J.; $10,000 for the engineering school of the University of New York; $8,000 to Vassar College; $100,000 to the University of New York for a Hall of Fame; $250,000 for the erection of a Presbyterian church at Roxbury, N.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Greene, Zechariah 1760-1858 (search)
Greene, Zechariah 1760-1858 Chaplain; born in Stafford, Conn., Jan. 11, 1760; was a soldier in the army of the Revolution; became a minister of the Gospel and a settled pastor on Long Island, and was a chaplain in the army in the War of 1812-15. He died in Hempstead, L. I., June 20, 1858.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hale, Nathan 1755- (search)
rt in the siege of Boston; was promoted to captain in January, 1776; and was sent to New York. In response to a call from Washington he volunteered to enter the British lines and procure needed information. At the house of Robert Murray, on the Incleberg (now Murray Hill, in the city of New York), where Washington had his headquarters for a brief time while retreating towards Harlem Heights, Hale received instructions on duty from the commander-in-chief. He entered the British camp on Long Island as a plain young farmer, and made sketches and notes unsuspected. A Tory kinsman knew and betrayed him. He was taken to Howe's headquarters at the Beekman mansion, and confined in the green-house all night. He frankly avowed his name, rank, and character as a spy (which his papers revealed), and, without even the form of a trial, was handed over to the provostmarshal (Cunningham) the next morning (Sept. 22, 1776) to be hanged. That infamous officer denied Hale the services of a clergym
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hand, Edward 1744- (search)
Hand, Edward 1744- Military officer; born in Clyduff, King's co., Ireland, Dec. 31, 1744; came to America in the 8th Royal Irish Regiment, in 1774, as surgeon's mate; resigned his post on his arrival, and settled in Pennsylvania for the practice of the medical profession. He joined a regiment as lieutenant-colonel at the outbreak of the Revolution, and served in the siege of Boston. Made colonel in 1776, he led his regiment in the battle on Long Island, and also at Trenton. In April, 1777, he was appointed brigadier-general; and in October, 1778, succeeded Stark in command at Albany. In Sullivan's campaign against the Indians, in 1779, he was an active participant. Near the close of 1780, Hand succeeded Scammnel as adjutant-general. He was a member of Congress in 1784-85, and assisted in the formation of the constitution of Pennsylvania in 1790. He (lied in Rockford, Lancaster co., Pa., Sept. 3. 1802.
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