Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1803 AD or search for 1803 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Crowninshield, Jacob 1770-1808 (search)
Crowninshield, Jacob 1770-1808 Statesman; born in Salem, Mass., March 31, 1770; served in the State legislature until his election to Congress in 1803. President Jefferson appointed him Secretary of the Navy in 1805, but he resigned, as he was unable to perform the duties of the office on account of ill health. He died in Washington, April 14, 1808.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dakota, (search)
Dakota, Originally formed a part of Minnesota Territory. It was a portion of the great Louisiana purchase in 1803. The Nebraska Territory was formed in 1854, and comprised a part of what became Dakota. The latter Territory was organized by act of Congress, approved March 2, 1861, and included the present States of Montana and Washington. In 1863 a part of the Territory was included in Idaho, of which the northeastern part was organized as Montana in 1864, and the southern part was transferred to Dakota. In 1868 a large area was taken from Dakota to form Wyoming Territory. The first permanent settlements of Europeans in Dakota were made in 1859, in what were then Clay, Union, and Yankton counties. The first legislature convened March 17, 1862. Emigration was limited until 1866, when settlers began to flock in, and population rapidly increased. In 1889, two States were created out of the Territory of Dakota, and admitted to the Union as State of North Dakota (q. v.) and Sta
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Disunion, early threats of. (search)
ase of Louisiana was deprecated and violently opposed by the Federalist leaders, because it would strengthen the Southern political influence then controlling the national government. They professed to regard the measure as inimical to the Northern and Eastern sections of the Union. The Southern politicians had made them familiar with the prescription of disunion as a remedy for incurable political evils, and they resolved to try its efficacy in the case in question. All through the years 1803 and 1804 desires for and fears of a dissolution of the Union were freely expressed in what were free-labor States in 1861. East of the Alleghanies, early in 1804, a select convention of Federalists, to be held in Boston, was contemplated, in the ensuing autumn, to consider the question of disunion. Alexander Hamilton was invited to attend it, but his emphatic condemnation of the whole plan, only a short time before his death, seems to have disconcerted the leaders and dissipated the scheme.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dupont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865 (search)
Dupont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865 Naval officer; born in Bergen Point, N. J., Sept. 27, 1803; entered the United States navy as midshipman at twelve years of age, and became commander, Oct. 28, 1842. He saw much active service on the California coast during the war with Mexico, clearing the Gulf of California of Mexican vessels. He was promoted to captain in 1855; and in October, 1861, he proceeded, in command of the South Atlantic squadron, to capture Port Royal Island, on the South Carolina coast, to secure a central harbor and depot of supplies on the Southern shores. In July Commodore Dupont was made a rear-admiral, and in April, 1863, he commanded the fleet which made an unsuccessful effort to capture Charleston. Admiral Dupont assisted in organizing the naval school at Annapolis, and was the author of a highly Samuel Francis Dupont. commended report on the use of floating batteries for coast defence. He died in Philadelphia, June 23, 1865.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eaton, William, -1811 (search)
Eaton, William, -1811 Military officer; born, in Woodstock, Conn., Feb. 23, 1764; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1790; entered the Continental army at the ageof sixteen; and was discharged in 1783. In 1797 he was appointed American consul at Tunis, and arrived there in 1799. He acted with so much boldness and tact that he secured for his country the freedom of its commerce from attacks by Tunisian cruisers. He returned to the United States in 1803; was appointed naval agent of the United States for the Barbary States, and accompanied the American fleet to the Mediterranean in 1804. He assisted Hamet Caramelli, the rightful ruler of Tripoli, in an attempt to recover his throne, usurped by his brother. Soon afterwards Eaton returned to the United States, and passed the remainder of his life at Brimfield. For his services to American commerce the State of Massachusetts gave him 10,000 acres of land. The King of Denmark gave him a gold box in acknowledgment of his services
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Edes, Benjamin, 1732-1803 (search)
Edes, Benjamin, 1732-1803 Journalist; born in Charlestown, Mass., Oct. 14, 1732; captain of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company in 1760, and one of the Boston Sons of Liberty. In his printingoffice many of the tea-party disguised themselves, and were there regaled with punch after the exploit at the wharf was performed. He began, with Mr. Gill, in 1755, the publication of the Boston Gazette and country journal, which became a very popular newspaper, and did eminent service in the cause of popular liberty. Adams, Hancock, Otis, Quincy, Warren, and other leading spirits were constant contributors to its columns, while Mr. Edes himself wielded a caustic pen. He was in Watertown during the siege of Boston, from which place he issued the Gazette, the mouth-piece of the Whigs. It was discontinued in 1798, after a life, sustained by Edes, of forty years. He died in Boston, Dec. 11, 1803.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 (search)
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 Author; leader of the transcendental school of New England; born in Boston, May 25, 1803; graduated at Harvard in 1821; taught school five years, and in 1826 was licensed to preach by the Middlesex (Unitarian) Association. In the winter of 1833-34, after returning from Europe, he began the career of a lecturer and essayist. Marrying in 1835, he fixed his Ralph Waldo Emerson residence at Concord, Mass., and was a contributor to, and finally editor of, The dial, a quarterly magazine, and organ of the New England transcendentalists. He lived the quiet life of a literary man and philosopher, with the reputation, for more than forty years, of a profound thinker and elegant writer. He published essays, poems, and lectures, and died in Concord, Mass., April 27, 1882.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Emmet, Thomas Addis, 1763-1827 (search)
raduated at Trinity College, Dublin; first studied medicine, and then law, and was admitted to the Dublin bar in 1791. He became a leader of the Association of United Irishmen, and was one of a general committee whose ultimate object was to secure the freedom of Ireland from British rule. With many of his associates, he was arrested in 1798, and for more than two years was confined in Fort George, Scotland. His brother Robert, afterwards engaged in the same cause, was hanged in Dublin in 1803. Thomas was liberated and banished to France after the treaty of Amiens, the severest penalties being pronounced against him if he should return to Great Britain. His wife was permitted to join him, on condition that she should never again set foot on British soil. He came to the United States in 1804, and became very eminent in his profession in the city of New York. He was made attorneygeneral of the State in 1812. A monument—an obelisk—was erected to his memory in St. Paul's church-ya
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ericsson, John, 1803-1889 (search)
Ericsson, John, 1803-1889 Engineer; born in Wermeland, Sweden, July 31, 1803. He became an eminent engineer in his own country, and attained the rank of captain in the Swedish army. In 1826 he visited England with a view to the introduction of his invention of a flame engine. He engaged actively in mechanical pursuits, and made numerous inventions, notably that of artificial draft, which is still used in locomotive engines. He won the prize offered by the Manchester and Liverpool Railway for the best locomotive, making one that attained the then astonishing speed of 50 miles an hour. He invented the screw propeller for navigation, but the British admiralty being unwilling to believe in its capacity and success, Ericsson came to the United States in 1839, and resided in the city of New York or its immediate vicinity till his death. In 1841 he was engaged in the construction of the United States ship-ofwar Princeton, to which he applied his propeller. She was the first steams
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Evans, Oliver, 1775-1819 (search)
ter in Philadelphia. Apprenticed to a wheelwright, he early displayed his inventive genius. At the age of twenty-two years he had invented a most useful machine for making card-teeth. In 1786-87 he obtained from the legislatures of Maryland and Pennsylvania the exclusive right to use his improvements in flour-mills. He constructed a steam-carriage in 1799, which led to the invention of the locomotive engine. His steam-engine was the first constructed on the high-pressure principle. In 1803-4 he made the first steam dredging-machine used in America, to which he gave the name of Oracter Amphibolis, arranged for propulsion either on land or water. This is believed to have been the first instance in America of the application of steam-power to the propelling of a land carriage. Evans foresaw and prophesied the near era of railway communication and travel. He proposed the construction of a railway between Philadelphia and New York, but his limited means would not allow him to con
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