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Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Pennsylvania. (search)
the positions where he had placed his artillery were good. Pleasonton's infantry was far away and his cavalry worn out. He halted and installed himself in the village of Upperville. On his right, Buford had continued his hot pursuit of Munford and Jones, who joined Stuart at Paris. While the former was skirting the foot of the Blue Ridge slopes with his division, his scouts climbed up the ridges. From the summit of this natural observatory they had a full view of the whole lower valley of the Shenandoah: from Winchester to the Bolivar Heights near Harper's Ferry nothing escaped their observation. They saw long columns of infantry marching northward in the direction of the Potomac, while others were approaching Ashby's Gap. The former, as we shall explain presently, comprised Ewell's corps, which was on the march toward Pennsylvania, the others being the reinforcements sent by Longstreet to Stuart. The information that Pleasonton had gathered was thus confirmed: the movements of
a, that the British parliament must take upon itself the establishment and collection of an American revenue. While the officers of the Crown were thus conspiring against American liberty, the tomahawk was uplifted along the ranges of the Alleghanies. The governor of Virginia Dinwiddie to Lords of Trade, 6 September, 1755. pressed upon Washington the rank of colonel and the command of the volunteer companies which were to guard its frontier, from Cumberland, through the whole valley of the Shenandoah. Difficulties of all kinds gathered in his path. The humblest captain that held a royal commission claimed to be his superior; and, for the pur- chap. IX.} 1756. pose of a personal appeal to Shirley, Dinwiddie to Shirley, 1756. he made a winter's journey to Boston. How different was to be his next entry into that town! Shirley, who wished to make him second Shirley to Sharpe, 16 May, 1756. Halifax to Sir Charles Hardy, 31 March, 1756. in command in an expedition against
laugh, and musical prattle of their "Little Nell." To John Keen, Esq., and his hospitable, patriotic lady, who is always ready with a smile and favor, to greet or cheer the sick soldier, he is also under special obligations for his share of those kindnesses by them so constantly and so freely dispensed. In his best wishes and most fervent prayers they shall be remembered; and when victory shall perch upon our banner, as eventually it must; when the invader shall be driven from our Southern soil, as eventually he will; when peace shall restore its wonted quiet and prosperity to your lovely Valley of the Shenandoah; when the soldier's grateful task shall be to repose once more in peace and security beneath the protection of that Government which we now love and defend — then will I, and thousands of others, whose stern and rugged path of duty all of your citizens have sought to strew with flowers, in our own loved Georgia homes, think of and bless you all. A Georgia Volunteer.
, and though it may be that the Federals will once more endeavor to advance into the Valley of the Shenandoah, yet the South have given proof of their courage and resources in thus ejecting the invaders from their soil, and convincing the most confident Northerner that efforts and sacrifices greater than any that have gone before must be made if even a border State is to be won back to the Northern Union. At the present time the Confederate outposts extend to the Potomac. The long Valley of the Shenandoah is again in their power. Federal authority is once more endangered in Western Virginia and the conquest of the State can no longer be looked on as a certainty by the most sanguine Northerner. The fact that a body of fifteen thousand Confederates could thus clear an important region of the enemy, and inflict such disgrace on him and raise such an alarm in his chief cities, shows that the present resources of the Federals in men, however large, have been used to the utmost in prosec
his unflinching valor and cool control of his forces. In that engagement, Gen. Bee's South Carolina troops wavered, when he rallied them by exclaiming--"Look at Jackson's men; they stand like a stone wall! " And Beauregard afterwards, using the same expression, in describing their conduct in his official report, Jackson was dubbed his present title from that time. During the fall and winter following he was placed in command of the small "army of observation, which held the upper valley of the Shenandoah" and the country round about Staunton. It was intended that he should remain quasi inactive, to watch the enemy and to wait for him; but he soon commenced manœuvering on his own responsibility, and began revealing evidences of the stuff that makes good Generals. The higher military authority at Richmond discovered early in the spring that he was disposed towards such extensive operations with his small command that the might get himself into trouble — in face, astounded at the col
The Northern border. All the information which reaches us from the Northern border of Virginia, indicates that active operations for the spring campaign are about to commence. Hooker's army, we are told, is only waiting an improvement in the roads, which a few days favorable weather will afford, whilst Milroy, in the Valley, being heavily reinforced, has established his outposts at Strasburg, eighteen miles this tide of Winchester. It is not improbable that his pree has been, or will be, sufficiently increased to author the attempt to advance up the Valley as far as Staunton or at least to hold possession of the Shenandoah and Luray Valleys.
The Daily Dispatch: November 17, 1863., [Electronic resource], Mede's official report of the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
eld strewed with his dead and wounded, and numerous prisoners in our hands. Buford's division of cavalry, after its arduous service at Gettysburg, on the first, was, on the second, sent to Westminster to refit and guard our trains. Kilpatrick's division, that on the 29th, 30th, and 1st, had been successfully engaging the enemy's cavalry, was on the 3d sent on our extreme left, on the Emmetsburg road, where good service was rendered in assaulting the enemy's line and occupying his attention. The result of the campaign may be briefly stated, in the defeat of the enemy at Gettysburg, their compulsory evacuation of Pennsylvanian and Maryland, and withdrawal from the upper valley of the Shenandoah, and the capture of three guns, forty-one standards, and 13,621 prisoners. 24,978 small arms were collected on the battle field. Our own losses were very severe, amounting, as will be seen by the accompanying return, to 2,834 killed, 13,709 wounded, and 6,643 missing--in all 23, 186.
The Daily Dispatch: July 22, 1864., [Electronic resource], Quotations of the Confederate Loan in London. (search)
ginia ! How proudly our heart throbs as we look over the record of her firmness — her more than Spartan devotion to liberty and independence. And how sadly do we call to mind her desolated homes, her oppressed and suffering people. The long, long range of her fertile lands, now bleak and barren wastes, with naught remaining but the charred and blackened remains of what were once the happy homes of her noble sons and accomplished daughters. We have passed through the beautiful valley of the Shenandoah; we have traversed her roads from Harper's Ferry to Richmond. Everywhere we have seen the footsteps of the vandal foe. But everywhere we have found, in the midst of ruin and devastation, the spirit unbroken and the determination to be free unchanged. May we not repeat the expression, glorious old Virginia ! may thy future reward be commensurate with thy sufferings and thy heroism ! And shall we not hope that the illustrious example of our older sister will inspire the people of th
n his right flank his cavalry is well advanced down the Luray Valley to an entrenched position near Milford. On his left flank, another force of cavalry occupies a position in the Lost River Valley, nearly down to Wardensville. On his main front, in the Shenandoah Valley, the Confederate pickets are near Edenburg, on the pike, and to the left and right of it. The letter adds: From the position Early now occupies he can watch all Union movements in West Virginia; front of him, in the Shenandoah and Luray Valleys; and to the right of him, against the railroad lines communicating with Charlottesville, Lynchburg, etc. Early may possibly attempt raids into West Virginia and the Union lines there during the next forty or fifty days, but I think only with cavalry.--He, evidently; would rather have a strong Yankee force upon his left than his right. Early's army has lost its morale. It now requires the strictest orders and severest discipline to keep both officers and men in t
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