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the Rev. W. Turner , Jun. , MA., Lives of the eminent Unitarians, Samuel Chandler (search)
owman led the way, demolishing the outworks of the enemy. Dr. Lardner followed, and cleared the field. No answer has appeared to their writings on this subject; no answer can be given. Dr. Chandler hath confessed that he cannot answer Mr. Lowman; and if he cannot, who can? Mr. Lowman was born in London in 1679. He was originally intended for the bar; but soon abandoning all thoughts of that profession, he went to Holland in 1699, and pursued his studies for the Christian ministry at Utrecht and Leyden. In 1710 he was chosen assistant preacher to a dissenting congregation at Clapham, where he continued for the rest of his life, discharging the duties of his station with constancy and regularity, esteemed and beloved by his flock, and respected by all who knew him. Mr. Lowman was one of the contributors to the valuable religious periodical called the Occasional Paper, set on foot by the leading Presbyterian ministers of London in 1716; and which deserves notice, not merely f
ating the prince of Orange their stadtholder, prepared to levy money and troops. In 1575 1575. Zealand joined with Holland in demanding for freedom some better safeguard than the word of Philip II., and in November of the following year nearly all 1576. the provinces united to drive foreign troops from their soil. The spirit that animates them, said Sydney to Queen Elizabeth, is the spirit of God, and is invincible. The particular union of five northern provinces at Chap. XV.} 1579. Utrecht, in January, 1579, perfected the insurrection by forming the basis of a sovereignty; and when their ablest chiefs were put under the ban and a price offered for the assassination of the Prince of Orange, the deputies in the assembly at the Hague, on the twenty-sixth of July, 1581, making few changes in 1581 July 26. their ancient laws, declared their independence by abjuring their king. The prince, said they, in their manifesto, is made for the subjects, without whom there would be no pri
were soon followed by the uncertain peace of Utrecht. In 1706, the victories of Ramillies and oismissal. The treaty of peace concluded at Utrecht was mo- 713. April 11. mentous in its charac inconsistent with the policy of the peace of Utrecht, and were therefore, at a later day, effected at an end. And yet the treaty of peace at Utrecht scattered the seeds of war broadcast througho revolutions. First, then, by the peace of Utrecht, Spain lost all her European provinces, and rs implacable enemy. Again: by the peace of Utrecht, Belgium was compelled to forego the advantagternational law, as interpreted by England at Utrecht—Free ships shall also give a freedom to goods3. most weighty result of the negotiations at Utrecht. It was demanded by St. John, in 1711; and Le world. Finally, England, by the peace of Utrecht, obtained from France large concessions of te basin of the Mississippi. Did the treaty of Utrecht assent to such an extension of French territo
ling-place before Chap XXIII.} the treaty of Utrecht was completed. Their chiefs had become indigherit the throne of France? By the treaty of Utrecht, Philip of Anjou, accepting the crown of Spainded with greater difficulty. The treaty of Utrecht Chap. XXIII.} surrendered to England Acadia part of their possessions. If the treaty of Utrecht had been silent as to this claim, the stipula but postpone hostilities. By the treaty of Utrecht, the subjects and friends of both nations Chce relinquishing its claim till the treaty of Utrecht. The ambiguous language of that treaty did, ew York, it had done so only by the treaty of Utrecht. Each new ground for an English claim, was ato the Ohio, was, on the eve of the treaty of Utrecht, expressly asserted in the royal grant of thecendants of former settlers. At the peace of Utrecht, the inhabitants in all the colonies could noependence upon Britain. After the peace of Utrecht, the English continental colonies grew accust
ory as far south as the St. John's, and the Highlanders volunteered their service. With their aid, April 18. he explored the channels south of Frederica; and on the island to which Tomo-chichi gave the name of Cumberland, he marked out a fort to be called St. Andrew's. But Oglethorpe still pressed forward to the south. Passing Amelia Island, and claiming the St. John's River as the southern boundary of the territory possessed by the Indian subjects of England at the time of the treaty at Utrecht, on the southern extremity of the island at the entrance of that stream, where myrtles and palmettoes abounded, and wild grape vines, climbing to the summit of trees, formed as beautiful Von Reck, in Urlsperger i. 848 walks as art could have designed, he planted the Fort St. George, as the defence of the British frontier. Indignant at the near approach of the English, the Chap XXIV.} Spaniards of Florida threatened opposition. The messengers of Oglethorpe were detained as prisoners, a
h, II. 161. His administration, 163. Soto, Ferdinand de, I. 41. Sails for Florida, 42. In Georgia, 46. Alabama, 48. Discovers the Mississippi, 51. In Arkansas and Missouri, 52. Death, 56. Spain. Her love of adventure, I. 30. Discovers Florida, 32. In the Gulf of Mexico, 35. On the Mississippi, 51. Her missions, 60. Colonizes Florida, 66. Extent of her American possessions, 73. Invades South Carolina, III. 174. Her colonial system, III. 114. War of the succession, 206. Effect of the peace of Utrecht, 227. War with France, 353. Her relations with England, 400. Contests with English smugglers, 435. War with England, 437. Invades Georgia, 444. Spotswood, III. 455; II. 23, 30 Standish, Miles, I. 316. Stoughton, William, III. 83. Strafford's, Lord, attainder, II. 5. Stuarts, commercial policy, I. 218. Their restoration, II. 1. Misfortunes III. 1. Stuyvesant, III. 293, 300. Susquehannahs, war with, II. 215. Swiss on the Savannah, III. 417.
U. Uchees, III. 247. Uncas, I. 399. Underhill, John, I. 399; II. 292. Ursuline convent at Quebec, III. 127. Utrecht, peace of, III. 225.
ey in the condition in which it was at the epoch before the last war, and at the same time inquired the motive of the armament which was making in Ireland. Braddock, with two regiments, was already on the way to America, when Newcastle gave assurances that defence only was intended, that the general peace should not be broken; at the same time, England on its side, returning the French proposition but with a change of epoch, proposed to leave the Ohio valley as it had been at the treaty of Utrecht. Mirepoix, in reply, was willing that both the French and English should retire from the country between the Ohio and the Alleghanies, and leave that territory neutral, which would have secured to his sovereign all the country north and west of the Ohio. England, on the contrary, demanded that France should destroy all her forts as far as the Wabash, raze Niagara and Crown Point, surrender the peninsula of Nova Scotia, with a strip of land twenty leagues wide along the Bay of Fundy and t
of their church among the villages of the Abenakis. At last, after repeated conquests and restorations, the treaty of Utrecht conceded Acadia, or Nova Scotia, to Great Britain. Yet the name of Annapolis, the presence of a feeble English garrisonstandard or renounce its name. Though conquered, they were French neutrals. For nearly forty years from the peace of Utrecht they had been forgotten or neglected, and had prospered in their seclusion. No tax-gatherer counted their folds, no mag August, 1754. The Lords of Trade in reply veiled their wishes under the decorous form of suggestions. By the treaty of Utrecht, said they of the French Acadians, their becoming subjects of Great Britain is made an express condition of their contind; they stood in the way of the progress of the settlement; by their non-compliance with the conditions of the treaty of Utrecht, they had forfeited their possessions to the crown; after the departure of the fleet and troops the province would not b
urged, that the officers already owed allegiance to the British king, and were therefore well suited to enter his service; that common interests and intimate relations existed between the two countries; that the present occasion offered to the prince of Orange the unique advantage and particular honor of strengthening the bonds of close friendship which had been more or less enfeebled by the neutrality of the United Provinces during the last French war. In the states general, Zealand and Utrecht consented: the province of Holland objected, that a commercial state should never but from necessity become involved in any quarrel. Baron van der Capellen tot den Pol, one of the nobles of Overyssell, the Gracchus of the Dutch republic, protested against the measure on principles which were to increase in strength, and to influence the impending revolution in Europe. He reasoned that furnishing the troops would be a departure from the true policy of the strictest neutrality; that his cou
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