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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Constitution and the Constitution. (search)
nment would eventuate in a despotism. The danger signal was that the bond or union for the tax-consuming party was geographical. The dominion of the North would move on with the invariable sequence of the processes of nature. The natural result would be a government of the South by the North and for the North; a government under which the South would have no rights which the North would be bound to respect. The old, old struggle. Richard Henry Lee, in October, 1787, wrote to Edmund Randolph, The representatives of the seven Northern States, as they have a majority, can by law create a most oppressive monopoly upon the five Southern States, whose circumstances and productions are essentially different; although not a single man of these voters is representative of, or amenable to, the people of the Southern States. Can such a set of men be, with the least semblance of truth, called representatives of those they make laws for? George Mason said: A majority of interests wil
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Index. (search)
icholas, Geo., sketch of, 55 Nullification Ordinance, 64 Oakwood Cemetary Monument to 16,000 Confederate soldiers at, 89 Oakwood Memorial Association, 84 Olds, Fred A., 247 Payne, Gen. Wm H., Glowing Eulogy of, 285 Pendleton, Edmund Sketch of, 41 Petersburg to Appomattox C. H., From, 261 Petersburg, Evacuation of, 262 Petersburg Grays, Co,. A, 12th Va. Infantry, List of officers and members of, 360 Poagaes Artillery, Col. W. T., 14 Potter, Gen. R. C., 271 Randolph, Edmund, Sketch of, 43 Ransom's Brigade, Its gallantry in the Capture of Plymouth, N. C., 363 Rebel gave the Yankees a slip, How a, 210 Red Badge Explained, The, 248 Reid, W. D., 279 Roberts, B. A., 251 Robinson, Brilliant Address of Leigh, 293 Reconstruction in April, 1865, Efforts for, 250 Rouss, Chas. B, Gift of, 159 Salem Church, Battle of, 199 Sanders, Gen. J. C. C. 164 Secession, Right of Discussed, 67 Semmes, Gen. Paul J, 23 Smith, Capt. Bill, 15 Smi
internal concerns of, each colony be left to the respective colonial legislatures. This resolution was received out of doors with chimes of bells and the noise of artillery; and the British flag, which had thus far kept its place on the state-house, was struck, to be raised no more. In the following days a committee of thirty two was appointed to prepare a declaration of rights and a plan of government. Among the members were Archibald Cary, Patrick Henry, the aged Richard Bland, Edmund Randolph, son of the attorney general, who was then a refugee in England, Nicholas, James Madison, the youthful delegate from Orange county; but the man of most influence at this great moment was George Mason, the successor of Washing- Chap. LXIV.} 1776. May. ton in the representation of Fairfax county. He was a devoted member of the church of England; and by his own account of himself, which is still preserved, though not born within the verge of the British isle, he had been an Englishman
nding in the United States Circuit Court. The argument was opened for the claimants by T. C. Peachy, whose speech occupied a week's time. He was followed by Edmund Randolph for the Government, who spoke during the entire session of another week. Hon. J. P. Benjamin, for the claimants, had been speaking continuously for the past three days previous to the leaving of the Express and had just closed, and Mr. Randolph was commencing his reply. Hon. Reverend Johnson would speak the following week for the claimants, after which Mr. Randolph would make the closing argument for the government. As an intellectual struggle, this case seldom had an equal. ThMr. Randolph would make the closing argument for the government. As an intellectual struggle, this case seldom had an equal. The directors of the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad had let out the contract for completing the work within three years for two millions dollars. The distance is about forty- five miles. The 29th of November has been appointed by the Governor of California as a day of general thanksgiving. Recent intelligence from Ore
The returns. The following are the returns received since the publication of the table yesterday, containing 140 counties: Breckinridge's Major's. In 110 counties14 565 Taxewell698 Wirt111 Jackson100 Grayson132 Louie256 Sussex109 Lee425 Hanover200 McDowell16 Mercer175 Russell48 Scott200 16535 Bell's majorities. In 110 counties15,695 Kanawha760 Patrick2 Lancaster67 Pendleton167 Randolph18 Nicholas811 Richmond county168 York139 17.327 16,836 Bell's majority792 Letcher's maj. in'59 in counties unheard from1,288 Bell falls short of overcoming Letcher's majority by496 The following table shows the vote in 1859, in the counties yet unheard from: Letcher. Boone142 Buchanan91 Cabell91 Calhoun251 Craig161 Fayette39 Logan386 Middlesex85 Pocahontas285 Preston305 Tucker159 Wayne51 Webster. (new co.) Wise18 2,017 729 Letcher's maj.1,288 Giggin. Braxton32 Clay41 Giles111 Mason141 Morgan13 Pulnam24 Ral
s of the Federal Government owes its 'existence to the State Governments.' The powers delegated to the Federal Government by the Constitution, are few and defined; those which remain in the State Governments are numerous and indefinite. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties and properties of the people." --Ib., pages 186 and 187 In the Convention which framed the constitution, Edmund Randolph proposed to give the Federal Government power "to call forth the force of the Union against any member of the Union failing to fulfill its duties under the articles there of." Mr. Patterson also desired to be inserted in the Constitution, "And if any State, or body of men in any State, shall oppose or prevent the Carrying into executive such acts or treaties, the Federal Executive shall be authorized to call 10th the powers of the confederated States, or so much thereof as may be necess
Portrait of Judge Marshall. --The portrait of Chief Justice Marshall, which has been suspended for several years from the walls of the State Library, is to be boxed up and sent away, the executors of Rembrandt Peale having requested it to be sent to Philadelphia.--The best likeness extant of that eminent jurist and pure-hearted patriot, John Marshall, can now be seen at the studio of John W. Davies, Mechanics' Institute Building, 9th st. We believe the same gentleman has in his possession a portrait of Mr. Randolph, which is regarded as a most accurate representation of the features of the eccentric author of Roanoke. Peale asked $500 for his picture of Judge Marshall.
ation of a national government by the States, each of the States rejected a national government, and instructed their delegates to form a federal government.--Edmund Randolph introduced fifteen resolutions, each and all proposing to form a national government, by which, Mr. Randolph said he meant a strong consolidated Union, in whiMr. Randolph said he meant a strong consolidated Union, in which the idea of States would be nearly annihilated," All the large States advocated a national government, and the weaker States, opposed it and favored a federal government. Mr. Pinckney, of South Carolina, offered a resolution to call the new government the "United States of America," but it was voted down, and Mr. Randolph's reMr. Randolph's resolutions in favor of a national government were adopted and referred to a committee of details to form a constitution for a national government.-- Patterson, of New Jersey, Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut, advocated striking out national and inserting federal. It was ultimately done, and to them we were indebted
berland, Orange, Richmond, Southampton, Stafford, Surry, Sussex, Warwick, York, and perhaps some others, are names derived from England or English officials or noblemen. Patrick and Henry, (after Patrick Henry,) Jefferson, Nelson, Harrison, Randolph, Lee, Brooke, Wood, Monroe, Page. Cabell, Tyler, Barbour, Nicholas, Preston, Pleasants, Giles, Floyd, Gilmer, McDowell and Wise, were named after Virginia Governors subsequent to Independence. Some of these citizens afterwards occupied still mwing is a list of the Virginia Governors since the Revolution: Patrick Henry, from 1776 to 1779; Thomas Jefferson, from 1779 to 1781; Thomas Nelson, from 1781 to 1781; Benj. Harrison, from 1781 to 1784; Patrick Henry, from 1784 to 1786; Edmund Randolph, from 1786 to 1788; Beverly Randolph, from 1788 to 1791; Henry Lee, from 1791 to 1794; Robert Brooke, from 1794 to 1796; James Wood, from 1796 to 1799; James Monroe, from 1799 to 1802; John Page, from 1802 to 1805; William H. Cabell, from 18
, without regard to rank or sex. The ladies cheerfully performed their part throughout the trying ordeal. On the day following the embarkation of the families on board of the Supply, Mrs. Gilman and Mrs. Slemmer, accompanied by officers from the storeship, went on shore under a flag of truce, to obtain a last interview with their husbands. Every step of their progress was met by armed officials. They were obliged, first, to obtain permission from the new Commandant of the Navy-Yard — Randolph, who ten days before had resigned his commission in the Navy. This was very reluctantly granted, after appeals had been made to him as a husband and father. They then had to pass the Barrancas forts, whose commander, after some hesitation, allowed them to pass. In this place, so lately deserted by these peaceful and happy families, all was now confusion.--The undisciplined soldiers or understrappers had broken open some of the trunks and boxes containing the wardrobes, and househol
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