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on, 227. Letter to President of U. S., 228. Communication regarding Fort Sumter, 232. Extracts from message to Confederate Congress concerning Washington Commission, 239-41. Aid to Virginia from Confederacy, 260. Letter of instructions to Capt. Semmes, 270-71. Congress called, 283. Reply to Maryland commissioners, 289. Extract from message to Congress in Richmond, 295. Visit to Manassas, 302-06, 310-12; Conference with generals, 307-09, 312-13. Correspondence concerning Manassas, 315-2 218-21. Not insurrection but a right, 282. Sectional rivalry, 24. Growth, 26-29, 36, 42, 48, 71. Culmination, 52-53, 58-59. Retrospect, 66-67. Safeguards against, 158-59. Seddon, James A. Delegate to Peace Congress, 214. Semmes, Captain, 408. Emissary to North to secure arms for Con-federacy, 270-71. Seward, W. H., 58, 59. Extract from dispatch to Dayton, 226-27. Relations with Confederate commission, 230-238. Instructions to Dallas, 281-82. Seymour, Horatio, 22
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 4: Yorktown and Williamsburg (search)
the afternoon of the 4th, the enemy's cavalry suddenly appeared so near to this fort, that Sommes's tired infantry brigade had to be taken back at the double quick to occupy it, and a sharp skirmish was fought before sundown. McLaws reenforced Semmes with Kershaw and two batteries, and we captured one of the enemy's guns, stuck in the mud, ten horses being unable to get it off. After dark Kershaw and Semmes were relieved by Anderson's and Pryor's brigades of Longstreet's division. That nigSemmes were relieved by Anderson's and Pryor's brigades of Longstreet's division. That night we stayed at Williamsburg, and it poured rain all night. About 2 A. M. the leading divisions were pushed forward. Johnston was anxious to get his troops ahead to meet the forces he expected McClellan to send by water to West Point. To hold the enemy in check at Williamsburg, Longstreet retained his whole division of six brigades as a rear-guard. Soon after daylight on the 5th, the enemy developed their presence before Pryor and Anderson. Hooker's and Smith's Federal divisions had reach
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 7 (search)
cowardice. The Richmond Examiner, edited by Pollard, was conspicuous in the bitterness of its attacks. Through some of these I chanced upon an interview which impressed me very forcibly at the time, and which proved to be quite a prophetic estimate of Lee as a commander. It came about as follows: On the staff of the President was Col. Joseph C. Ives, a graduate of West Point in the class of 1852. He was born in New York and appointed from Connecticut, but had married in the well-known Semmes family of Georgia and Alabama, and had joined his fortunes with the South. He served on the staff of President Davis during the whole of the war. While in no way conspicuous, he impressed all who met him as particularly intellectual, and as an unusually accomplished officer. When Lee had been in command about two weeks, I had a long ride with Ives about our lines, one afternoon, during which he referred to these newspaper attacks and asked if I thought they in any way impaired the confid
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 8 (search)
ng note: O. R. 13, 687.— General, I regret much that you have made so little progress to-day in the pursuit of the enemy. In order to reap the fruits of our victory the pursuit should be most vigorous. I must urge you then again to press on his rear, rapidly and steadily. We must lose no more time or he will escape us entirely. This note had also a postscript which will be quoted presently in another connection. Magruder had only brought into action two brigades,— Kershaw's and Semmes's, —and a half of Barksdale's. The force engaged against him had been Sumner's corps, and Smith's division of Franklin's. Heintzelman's corps had also been present in the morning, but in the afternoon it had crossed White Oak Swamp at Brackett's Ford. The remaining nine Federal brigades were, doubtless, too heavy a task for Magruder with only six, but had Jackson with his 14 brigades been present in the morning, the enemy should have been routed. Doubtless Magruder should have employed twi<
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 9 (search)
formed. Pendleton's artillery. artillery combats. Whiting's report. Sumner seeks cover. Lee's reconnoissance. Lee misled. attack begun. Wright's report. Semmes and Kershaw. D. H. Hill's report. Toombs's report. casualties. Lee's report. Stuart shells a camp. McClellan writes. Stuart's report. attack abandoned. clost from the ranks in the marchings and skirmishes of the three previous days. To the left of Wright was Armistead of Huger's division, followed by Cobb's and Semmes's brigades. In support of these were all the rest of Magruder's and Huger's 10 brigades, Ransom, of Holmes's division, being also temporarily attached to Huger. 226, and lost 39 killed, 164 wounded, and 120 missing (total 323). Wright's report gives a clear idea of the fighting upon our right flank. Next, on the left, Semmes and Kershaw also made, perhaps, the farthest advance of the attack, actually getting among the enemy's guns, where lay the body of a handsome young Louisiana off
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 12: Boonsboro or South Mountain, and Harper's Ferry (search)
d occupy Maryland Heights, where he Organization, army of Northern Virginia, Sept., 1862 CORPSDIVISIONSBRIGADESBRIGADES 1st Corps Longstreet'sMcLawsKershaw, Semmes, Cobb, Barksdale5 Anderson, R. H.Wilcox, Armistead, Mahone, Pryor, Featherstone, Wright4 Jones, D. R.Toombs, Drayton, Garnett, Kemper, Jenkins, Anderson, G. T.4 and mismanagement by the enemy. Holding Crampton's Gap were only Munford's cavalry and Mahone's brigade of infantry, under Parham. Cobb's brigade and part of Semmes's were near in reserve. From noon on the 14th until near five o'clock there was sharp skirmishing and artillery fire, while the enemy deployed Slocum's divisionescape. He acted promptly and with good judgment. Drawing the brigades of Kershaw, Wilcox, and Barksdale from the forces on South Mountain, with the remnants of Semmes, Cobb, and Mahone, he threw a line of battle across Pleasant Valley about a mile and a half below Crampton's Gap, with its left flank upon Elk Ridge, and its righ
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 13: Sharpsburg or Antietam (search)
, for his numbers were too light to hope for any great result, and the favorable ground enabled the enemy's artillery to punish severely all open exposures. Thus, McLaws lost 1103 out of 2893 carried into action in his four brigades,— Kershaw's, Semmes's, Barksdale's, and Cobb's, — an average of 39 per cent. These losses occurred mostly in the pursuit after Sedgwick, and mostly befell within two hours. At the same time that Sedgwick was driven back, Greene's men about the Dunker Church were alshe War Records as far as they appear. Also, in a second table, the Federal casualties are distributed among the different actions. Confederate casualties. Maryland campaign BRIGADESKILLEDWOUNDEDMISSINGTOTAL McLaws's Div Kershaw1074556568 Semmes5627443373 Cobb76318452846 Barksdale352724311 Total27413195052098 R. H. Anderson's Div. Wilcox3418129244 Armistead529135 Mahone892127227 Pryor4828549382 Featherstone4523836319 Wright3219234258 Total17210172761465 D. R. Jones's Div Too
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 14: fall of 1862 (search)
too light. There are no returns showing our different varieties of small-arms, but that we still had men armed with flintlocks is shown by the return of 13 picked up on the field after the battle of Fredericksburg. The organization, when completed, stood as follows, the strength being given from the returns of Nov. 20, 1862. Organization of army of Northern Va., Nov., 1862 1ST corps, Longstreet's DIVISIONBRIGADES and ARTILLERYPRESENT for duty McLaws'sKershaw's, Barksdale's, Cobb's, Semmes's, Cabell's Battalion Artillery, 4 Batteries, 18 Guns7,898 Anderson'sWilcox's, Mahone's, Featherstone's, Wright's, Perry's Unorganized Artillery, 4 Batteries, 18 Guns7,639 Pickett'sGarnett's, Kemper's, Armistead's, Jenkins's, Corse's Unorganized Artillery, 3 Batteries, 14 Guns7,567 Total23,104 1ST corps, Longstreet's (Continued) DIVISIONBRIGADES and ARTILLERYPRESENT for duty Hood'sTotal carried forward Law's, Robertson's, Anderson's, Benning's23,104 Unorganized Artillery, 3 Batteri
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 15: Chancellorsville (search)
ght, Mahone, Posey, Perry418 McLaws's8,567Wofford, Semmes, Kershaw, Barksdale418 850Corps' Reserve Artilleryto collision on the Pike. Sharp fighting followed, Semmes's brigade coming up on the left of Mahone and beari keep the enemy in hopes of an attack. Kershaw and Semmes did this handsomely throughout the day, though the this point about 3 P. M., meeting there Wofford's, Semmes's, Kershaw's, and Mahone's brigades, under McLaws. e right of Wilcox, and Wofford on right of Kershaw; Semmes's brigade was on Wilcox's left, and Mahone's brigade was on the left of Semmes. In front of the line of battle stretched a fringe of dense young wood, some 20o chance to make a stand. Across the Plank road, Semmes's two right regiments, the 10th and 51st Ga., joineded, and 48 missing, a total of 495. The losses of Semmes's brigade are included with the campaign losses. O12902104 Miss. Barksdale's Brig.43208341592 Ga. Semmes's Brig.8549226603 Ga. Wofford's Brig.744799562 C
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 16: Gettysburg: the first day (search)
individuality may be briefly illustrated by an official indorsement placed upon the application of a soldier to be transferred from the infantry to the band. Respectfully forwarded, disapproved. Shooters are more needed than tooters. It has already been said that Stuart would have made a more active and efficient corps commander than Ewell. Reorganized, the army stood as follows: — 1ST corps. Longstreet DIVISIONSSTRENGTHBRIGADE COMMANDERBATTS.guns McLaws7,311 Kershaw, Barksdale, Semmes, Wofford Pickett5,200 Garnett, Kemper, Armistead Hood7,720 Law, Robertson, Anderson, G. T. Benning Arty. Battns.1,000 Cabell, Dearing, Henry, Walton, Alexander2184 Totals21,231 11 Brigades, 5 Battns. Arty.2184 2D corps. Ewell Early6,943 Hays, Smith, Hoke, Gordon Johnson5,564 Stuart, Walker, Nichols, Jones Rodes8,454 Daniel, Doles, Iverson, Ramseur, O'Neal Arty. Battns.1,000 Jones, Latimer, Carter, Brown, Nelson2184 Totals21,961 13 Brigades, 5 Battns. Arty.2184 3D corps
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