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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 17: Gettysburg: second day (search)
Round Top. Hood's second line. McLaws badly needed. Kershaw and Semmes. artillery fighting. Barksdale and Wofford. Anderson's division.llel to the Emmitsburg road, with Kershaw on the right supported by Semmes, and Barksdale on the left supported by Wofford. In front of Kershly. Then McLaws advanced both lines of his right wing, Kershaw and Semmes; and, after a further interval of at least 20 minutes (long enough for now the order was given for the advance of Kershaw supported by Semmes. But, by some unaccountable lack of appreciation of the situation,ed off at the word with great steadiness and precision, followed by Semmes with equal promptness. Longstreet accompanied me in this advance oned somewhat to the right and went to the assistance of Kershaw and Semmes, striking the flank of the Federals opposing them. The enemy was dgan to swarm around our mixed — up brigades. Barksdale was killed, Semmes mortally wounded, and our lines were slowly forced back. Another p
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 18: Gettysburg: third day (search)
uman suffering which it is terrible to contemplate. Some of the wounded were taken from the wagons dead at Williamsport, and many who were expected to recover died from the effects of the journey. Among these, it was said, were Gens. Pender and Semmes, neither of whom had been thought mortally wounded. Imboden gives a harrowing account of the movement of the train, as follows:— After dark I set out from Cashtown to gain the head of the column during the night. My orders had been peremp in Numbers and losses in the civil War. It is about 50 per cent greater for the killed and wounded, and is attached hereto. Confederate casualties. Gettysburg. Approximate by brigades COMMANDSKILLEDWOUNDEDMISSINGTOTAL Kershaw11548332630 Semmes5528491430 Barksdale10555092747 Wofford30192112334 Cabell's Arty.82937 McLaws's Div.31315383272,178 Garnett78324539941 Armistead884606431,191 Kemper58356317731 Dearing's Arty.81725 Pickett's Div.2321,1571,4992,888 Law74276146496 Anderso
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 23: the fall of 1864 (search)
ithout unloading at Amelia. Near my station in the street, a cellar door opened in the sidewalk, and while I waited for my batteries a solitary Irish woman brought many bales of blankets from the freight depot in a wheelbarrow and tumbled them into the cellar. Many fires were burning in the city, and a canal-boat in flames came floating under the bridge at which I stood. I could not see by what agency, but it was soon dragged away. The explosions of our little fleet of gunboats under Admiral Semmes at Drury's Bluff were plainly heard and the terrific explosion of the arsenal in Richmond. About sunrise, my last battalion passed and I followed, taking a farewell look at the city from the Manchester side. The whole river front appeared to be in flames. Its formal surrender was made to Weitzel at 8.15 A. M. We marched 24 miles that day and bivouacked at night in some tall pine woods near Tomahawk Church. I had barely gotten supper when I was ordered to join two engineers being
htened age. I appeal to all our people not to interfere with peaceable, unoffending citizens or others who preserve the peace and conform to our laws, and I do hereby especially discountenance all acts of seizure of private property without authority of law, and require that order shall be restored, and that all the laws be administered and executed by the tribunals especially assigned for the purpose. L. S. Given under my hand as Governor, and under the seal of the Commonwealth at Richmond, 24th of April, 1861, and in the 85th year of the Commonwealth. John Letcher. By the Governor. George W. Munford, Secretary of the Commonwealth. The following officers of the State Navy are assigned to the duties required by this proclamation: For James River--Captain Cooke and Commander Tucker. For Potomac River--Captain Forrest, Lieutenant Semmes. For Rappahannock River--Lieutenant Davis. For York River--Commander J. L. Henderson and Lieut. S. S. Maury.--Richmond Inquirer.
e informs him that the pirate Alabama was reported, Jan. 24, two hundred miles east of Hatteras, steering north; while the Vanderbilt sailed Jan. 30, the same day that the above news reached New York: so the Vanderbilt may have gone to the Gulf. Semmes was reported as having an intention of coming into Massachusetts Bay. Suppose he makes such an impudent dash now, and comes into Provincetown, which he could easily do one of these moonlight nights. The writer then suggests to the Governor to te all right to give it to Hooker's Yankee mob? We hope to hear a good account soon from you. Your family are all well. There can be no doubt of the genuineness of this letter, and that it was contemplated by the Confederate Government to have Semmes and his associate pirates make a dash upon Boston or Portland, and damage the Yankees as much as possible. But in this case, as in many others, discretion became the better part of valor. On the twenty-third day of May, Robert C. Winthrop, of
J. William Jones, Christ in the camp, or religion in Lee's army, Chapter 11: the great revival along the Rapidan. (search)
h's Virginia, Gordon's Georgia, Mahone's Virginia, Hays's Louisiana, Wright's Georgia, Wilcox's Alabama, Posey's Mississippi, Ramseur's North Carolina, Doles's Georgia, Scales's North Carolina, Thomas's Georgia, J. M. Jones's Virginia, Battle's Alabama, Kemper's Virginia, Armistead's Virginia, Corse's Virginia, Garnett's Virginia, Hoke's North Carolina, Benning's Georgia, Kershaw's South Carolina, Lane's North Carolina, Daniel's North Carolina, Davis's Mississippi, Kirkland's North Carolina, Semmes's Georgia, Barksdale's Mississippi, Jenkins's South Carolina, Law's Alabama, Anderson's Georgia, Steuart's Virginia, Stonewall (Virginia), Iverson's North Carolina, Cooke's North Carolina, H. H. Walker's Virginia and Tennessee, McGowan's South Carolina, and a number of the artillery battalions and cavalry regiments. This revival work went graciously on, and though the Bristoe campaign, Longstreet's move to the battle of Chickamauga and his East Tennessee campaign, the cold weather which p
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 8 (search)
ually bold for the cautious and methodical mind of the Confederate commander. Relying on the repulse Hooker had received to hold him inactive, Lee instantly countermarched from Hooker's front a force sufficient, in conjunction with the troops under Early, to check or destroy Sedgwick. Wilcox's brigade, which had been held at Banks' Ford, was already in position to meet him; and in addition, Lee forwarded the brigade of Mahone of Anderson's division and the brigades of Kershaw, Wofford, and Semmes under General McLaws. Lee: Report of Chancellorsville, p. 12. These, with the five brigades of Early, who was in position to place himself on Sedgwick's rear, he judged adequate to the work. While, therefore, this force was countermarching from Chancellorsville towards Fredericksburg, Sedgwick was advancing from Fredericksburg towards Chancellorsville; and it happened that the heads of the columns came together just about midway—at Salem Heights, near the junction of the plankroad and th
s furious assaults. The slaughter in both armies had been great, and each was satisfied to face the other in silent defiance and await developments. Of Meade's 95,000 in the field of action, 23,000 had fallen; of Lee's 58,000, including his cavalry that had participated in the fight, over 20,000 lay dead or wounded, or were missing. Some of the latter were stragglers who afterward returned. Among the dead leaders of the Confederates were Generals Armistead, Garnett, Pender, Barksdale and Semmes; Archer was left a prisoner, and Kemper, Pettigrew, Hood, Trimble, Heth, Scales, G. T. Anderson, Jenkins and Hampton were severely wounded. In his official report, Lee writes of this day: The severe loss sustained by the army, and the reduction of its ammunition, rendered another attempt to dislodge the enemy unadvisable, and it was therefore determined to withdraw. But he was in no haste to do this in such a way as to suffer damage to his command or to his trains. He spent the whole o
ng which inspired all with enthusiasm and courage. Far in advance of all, he led the attack till he scaled the works of the enemy and fell wounded in their hands, but not until he had driven them from their position and seen his colors planted over their fortifications. This was the testimony of Colonel Aylett, who succeeded to the immediate command of the remnant of the brigade that was led into action. General Lee wrote in his report, Brigadier-Generals Armistead, Barksdale, Garnett and Semmes died as they had lived, discharging the highest duties of patriots with devotion that never faltered and courage that shrank from no danger. Brigadier-General Turner Ashby Brigadier-General Turner Ashby, a hero of the South whose memory is cherished with peculiar tenderness by the people of the Shenandoah valley, was born at Rose Hill, Fauquier county, in 1824. He was a grandson of Capt. John Ashby, of the revolutionary war. At the time of John Brown's raid he was captain of a volunte
don had made a gallant advance and some progress, as also had Ripley and Colquitt's and Anderson's brigades. Peninsula Campaign, p. 160. The task was, however, too great for their unaided strength, and having done all that men dare do, they were driven back with frightful loss—a loss, perhaps, of not less than 2,000 men. Just as Hill drew off his shattered brigades, Magruder ordered in his forces on Hill's right. The brigades of Armistead, Wright, Mahone, G. T. Anderson, Cobb, Kershaw, Semmes, Ransom, Barksdale and Lawton threw themselves heavily, not all at once, but in succession, against their courageous and impregnably posted foes. Cobb's command included the Fifteenth North Carolina under Colonel Dowd. Ransom's brigade was solely a North Carolina one—the Twenty-fourth, Colonel Clark; the Twenty-fifth, Colonel Hill; the Twenty-sixth, Colonel Vance; the Thirty-fifth, Colonel Ransom; the Forty-ninth, Colonel Ramseur. General Hill says of General Magruder's assault: I neve
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