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s, and sickness to not more than 500 effective men. Many of them have not 300 men for duty. Your obedient servant, D. C. Buell, Major-General, Commanding. Pittsburgh, April 27, 1862. Lieut. W. Mcgunnigle, U. S. N.: dear sir: The following brief account of my proceedings in the preparation of extempore steam-rams will, I tmmodore Foote's letter of instructions to you: I was instructed by the Secretary of War, March 27, to proceed immediately and with the greatest expedition to Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and New Albany, and select and prepare the most suitable steamboats I could find in the least possible time, to act as steam-rams, to meet the rebes would be consumed in getting them ready for service. In response to that order I selected three of the strongest and swiftest stern-wheel coal tow-boats at Pittsburgh, of which the average dimensions are about 170 feet length, 30 feet beam, and over 5 feet hold. At Cincinnati I selected two side-wheel boats, of which the l
Matthew Arnold, Civilization in the United States: First and Last Impressions of America., IV: civilization in the United States. (search)
the meantime has just been presented to the Grand Jury as a public nuisance for having blasphemed in an alehouse on the Lord's day --seated by this philosopher is the Scotchman who is giving lectures on the pronunciation of the English language. The worst of it is, that all this tall talk and self-glorification meets with hardly any rebuke from sane criticism over there. I will mention, in regard to this, a thing which struck me a good deal. A Scotchman who has made a great fortune at Pittsburg, a kind friend of mine, one of the most hospitable and generous of men, Mr. Andrew Carnegie, published a year or two ago a book called Triumphant Democracy, a most splendid picture of American progress. The book is full of valuable information, but religious people thought that it insisted too much on mere material progress, and did not enough set forth America's deficiencies and dangers. And a friendly clergyman in Massachusetts, telling me how he regretted this, and how apt the America
G. S. Hillard, Life and Campaigns of George B. McClellan, Major-General , U. S. Army, Appendix. Oration at West Point. (search)
enealogical tree in the old French wars; for the cis-Atlantic campaigns of the seven years war were not confined to the red men scalping each other by the great lakes of North America, and it was in them that our ancestors first participated as Americans in the large operations of civilized armies. American regiments then fought on the banks of the St. Lawrence and the Ohio, on the shores of Ontario and Lake George, on the islands of the Caribbean and in South America. Louisburgh, Quebec, Duquesne, the Moro, and Porto Bello, attest the valor of the provincial troops; and in that school were educated such soldiers as Washington, Putnam, Lee, Montgomery, and Gates. These, and men like Greene, Knox, Wayne, and Steuben, were the fathers of our permanent army; and under them our troops acquired that discipline and steadiness which enabled them to meet upon equal terms, and often to defeat, the tried veterans of England. The study of the history of the Revolution, and a perusal of the de
of the anti-Slavery Whigs, by whose efforts he had been nominated, supported him coldly because of the platform; while the intense pro-Slavery section of the party did not support him at all-distrusting, not him, but the influences which, they apprehended, might guide his councils. The Free soil Democracy, who yet maintained a National organization on the basis of open and thorough hostility to Slavery Extension and all pro-Slavery compromises, held their nominating Convention at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, on the 11th of August; presented John P. Hale, of New Hampshire, for President, and George W. Julian, of Indiana, for Vice-President; and, though they carried no State, they polled a far stronger vote than they would or could have done but for the Whig platform aforesaid; and they made their gain wholly at the expense of Gen. Scott. When the polls were closed and the result made manifest, it appeared that he had carried only the States of Massachusetts, Vermont, Kentucky, and Tenn
ka bill. Those, of whatever party in the past, who emphatically condemned that repudiation, and who united on that basis to ignore past political denominations, with a view to united action in the future, were first known simply as anti-Nebraska, but gradually, and almost spontaneously, assumed the designation of Republicans. As such, they carried most of the Free State elections of 1854, but were less decidedly successful in those of 1855. Their first National Convention was held at Pittsburgh, Pa., on the 22d of February, 1856; but no nominations were there made. Their nominating Convention met at Philadelphia on the 17th of June, Col. Henry S. Lane, of Indiana, presiding. John C. Fremont, of California, was nominated for President on the first ballot, receiving 359 votes to 196 for John McLean, of Ohio. Willam L. Dayton, of New Jersey, received 259 votes on the informal ballot, to 110 for Abraham Lincoln and 180 scattering, for Vice-President. Mr. Dayton was thereupon unanimo
any, who felt that we were silently drifting toward a sea of fraternal blood. Almost simultaneously with this transfer, a popular excitement was aroused in Pittsburgh, Pa., by information that an order had been received from the War Department for an extensive transfer of arms, especially of heavy ordnance, from the Alleghany Arded the stations at which the special train halted wherein he, with his family and a few friends, was borne eastward through Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Columbus, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Erie, Buffalo, Albany, New York City, Trenton, Newark, Philadelphia, Lancaster, and Harrisburg, on his way to the White House. He was everywhere reoling circumstance; and from it we may conclude that all we want is time, patience, and a reliance on that God who has never forsaken this people. At Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on the 15th, he said: Notwithstanding the troubles across the river [the speaker pointing southwardly across the Monongahela, and smiling], there is
fensive and defensive, of said Commonwealth, in the impending conflict with the United States, shall le under the chief control and direction of the President of said Confederate States, upon the same principle, basis, and footing, as if said Commonwealth were now, and during the interval, a member of said Confederacy. Thus it will be seen that the Unionists of Virginia were liable, that day and every day thereafter, to be called out as militia, and ordered to assault Washington, seize Pittsburg, or invade any portion of the loyal States, as Davis and his subordinates might direct; and, having thus involved themselves in the guilt and peril of flagrant treason against the Union, they were to be allowed, a month later, to vote themselves out of the Confederacy and back into the Union again! The stupendous impudence of this mockery of submission was so palpable as almost to shield it from the reproach of imposture; and, as if to brush aside the last fig-leaf of disguise, Letcher, n
the Cuba question, 268; his disposition of the Federal forces in Texas, 840; resigns his post of Secretary War; schedule of his order for transfer of arms from Pittsburgh, 408; his reasons for resigning, 409; an account of his defalcations, 410, 411; allusion to, 413; Pollard's enumeration of the services of. 414; allusion to, 446; classified table of the vote, 328; 357; 403; Breckinridge declares him duly elected; his journey to the capital, 418; speeches at Indianapolis, Columbus, and Pittsburgh, 419; speech at Philadelphia, 419-20; his Inaugural, 422 to 426; reflections, and opinions of the Press thereon, 427-8; his Cabinet, 428; his incredulity, etc.,tion of the Constitution, 43 to 45; speech of Jan. 17th, 1787, 49. Pinckney, Henry L., of S. C., 141; 145. Pinkney, William, of Md., on Missouri, 76. Pittsburgh, Pa., the Convention of 1856 at, 246; excitement at, in regard to the transfer of arms to the South, 408; schedule of the order of transfer, 408; speech of Preside
ing at Hagerstown, advanced, unopposed, on the track of Ewell, to Chambersburg. June 27. Ewell had taken quiet possession of Carlisle, pushing forward his advance to Kingston, within 13 miles of Harrisburg. Meanwhile, such militia as had been mustered in or sent from Eastern States to the aid of Pennsylvania were collected, under Gen. Couch, at Harrisburg; while Gen. Brooks, powerfully aided by the volunteer efforts of the citizens, hastily threw up a line of defenses intended to cover Pittsburg. All doubt as to the enemy's purposes being now dispelled, Gen. Hooker crossed June 26. the Potomac near Edwards's Ferry, and advanced to Frederick; himself visiting by the way Harper's Ferry. He found there — or rather, on Maryland Heights--Gen. French, with 11,000 men, whom he, very naturally, desired to add to his army in the momentous battle now impending. For his army, after being strengthened by 15,000 men spared him from the defenses of Washington, and 2,100 by Gen. Schenck
h of the Potomac, sacked and burned that town. He arrived that day but they had left; moving westward to McConnellstown, whither he followed; arriving in time to save it from a similar fate. He promptly charged; but there was not much of a fight; the enemy hurrying southward to Hancock, and thence across the Potomac. The panic throughout southern Pennsylvania had ere this become intensified. Gen. Couch, commanding there, was assured that a great Rebel army of invasion was marching on Pittsburg; and that city renewed the defensive efforts of the year before. The guerrilla John S. Moseby, with 50 men, dashed across the Potomac at Cheat ferry, surprising and capturing at Adamstown nearly his own number of horsemen, and robbed a few stores; and, though he ran back instantly, his trifling raid was magnified into a vague and gloomy significance. Neither the 6th nor the 19th corps had proceeded farther than Georgetown, D. C., when Crook's defeat and its consequences impelled them i
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