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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Flagg, Wilson 1805-1884 (search)
lege to study medicine, which he never practised. When a young man he lectured on natural science, and made a pedestrian tour from Tennessee to Virginia and then home. Later he became interested in political discussions and contributed articles to the Boston Weekly magazine and the Boston Post. In 1840 he wrote almost exclusively for agricultural journals, and his first book was based on his articles in Hovey's magazine of horticulture. Later he contributed largely to the Atlantic monthly. He was employed in the Boston custom-house from 1844 to 1848, and removed to Cambridge, Mass., in 1856. Among his publications are Studies in the field and forest; Woods and by-ways in New England; and Birds and seasons of New England. In 1881 these three books were republished, with new material, under the titles of Halcyon days; A year with the trees; and A year with the birds. He also wrote Mount Auburn, its scenery, its beauties, and its lessons. He died in Cambridge, Mass., May 6, 1884.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
H. Eaton1834 to 1836 Richard K. Call1836 to 1839 Robert R. Reid1839 to 1841 Richard K. Call1841 to 1844 John Branch1844 to 1845 State governors. NameTerm. William D. Moseley1845 to 1849 Thomas Brown1849 to 1853 James E. Broome1853 to 1857 Madison S. Perry1857 to 1861 John Milton1861 to 1865 William Marvin1865 to 1866 David S. Walker1866 to 1868 Harrison Reed1868 to 1872 Ossian B. Hart1872 to 1874 Marcellus L. Stearns1874 to 1877 George F. Drew1877 to 1881 William D. Bloxham1881 to 1885 Edward A. Perry1885 to 1889 Francis P. Fleming1889 to 1893 Henry L. Mitchell1893 to 1897 William D. Bloxham1897 to 1901 William S. Jennings1901 to — United States Senators. NameNo. of CongressDate. James D. Westcott, Jr29th to 30th1845 to 1849 David L. Yulee29th to 31st1845 to 1851 Jackson Morton31st to 33d1849 to 1855 Stephen R. Mallory32d to 36th1851 to 1861 David L. Yulee34th to 36th1855 to 1861 [37th, 38th, and 39th Congresses, seats vacant.] Thomas W. Osborn40th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Folger, Charles James 1818-1884 (search)
bar in Albany in 1839; and returned to Geneva to practise in 1840. He was judge of the court of common pleas in Ontario county in 1843-46, and was county judge in 1852– Charles James Folger. 56. Shortly after the formation of the Republican party he left the Democrats and joined the new organization. He served as State Senator in 1861-69; for four years of that period he was president pro tem., and during the whole period was chairman of the judiciary committee. In 1869-70 he was United States assistant treasurer in New York City; in 1871 was elected associate judge of the New York Court of Appeals; and in 1880 became chief-justice. In November of the latter year he was re-elected to the Court of Appeals, but resigned in 1881 to accept the office of Secretary of the United States Treasury. In 1882 he was the Republican candidate for governor of New York, but was defeated by Grover Cleveland, who had a majority of nearly 200,000 votes. He died in Geneva, N. Y., Sept. 4, 188
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Forney, John Weiss 1817-1881 (search)
Forney, John Weiss 1817-1881 Journalist; born in Lancaster, Pa., Sept. 30, 1817; purchased the Lancaster Intelligencer in 1837 and three years later the Journal, which papers he amalgamated under the name of the Intelligencer and journal. He subsequently became part owner of the Pennsylvania and Washington Union. He was clerk of the national House of Representatives in 1851-55; started the Press, an independent Democratic journal, in Philadelphia, in 1857, and upon his re-election as clerk of the House of Representatives in 1859 he started the Sunday morning chronicle in Washington. Among his publications are Anecdotes of public men (2 volumes); Forty years of American journalism; A Centennial commissioner in Europe, etc. He died in Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 9, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Foster, Charles 1828- (search)
Foster, Charles 1828- Financier; born in Seneca county, O., April 12, 1828; was first elected to Congress as a Republican in 1870; elected governor of Ohio in 1879 and 1881; was appointed Secretary of the United States Treasury in February, 1891. He was concerned in a number of financial enterprises in which he acquired a large fortune, but in 1893 was obliged to make an assignment of his vast interests for the benefit of his creditors.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Foster, John Watson 1836- (search)
Foster, John Watson 1836- Diplomatist; born in Pike county, Ind., March 2, 1836; graduated at the Indiana State University in 1855; studied at Harvard Law School, and was admitted to the bar in Evansville, Ind. During the Civil War he served in the Union army, reaching the rank of colonel of volunteers. After the war he was in turn editor of the Evansville Daily journal and postmaster of that city in 1869-73. He was minister to Mexico in 1873-80, and to Russia in 1880-81. John Watson Foster. On his return to the United States he engaged in the practice of international law in Washington, representing foreign legations before arbitration boards, commissions, etc. In 1883-85 he was minister to Spain; and in 1891 was a special commissioner to negotiate reciprocity treaties with Spain, Germany, Brazil, and the West Indies. He was appointed United States Secretary of State in 1892 and served till 1893, when he became the agent for the United States before the Bering Sea arbitrati
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fowler, William Chauncey 1793-1881 (search)
Fowler, William Chauncey 1793-1881 Author; born in Killingworth, Conn., Sept. 1, 1793; graduated at Yale in 1816; became pastor of the Congregational Church in Greenfield, Mass., in 1825. He published many school-books and also The sectional controversy, or passages in the political history of the United States; History of Durham; Local law in Massachusetts and Connecticut; genealogical works on the Fowler and Chauncey families, etc. He died in Durham, Conn., Jan. 13, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fry, James Barnet 1827-1894 (search)
arch 17, 1863, and was given the rank of brigadier-general, April 21, 1864. General Fry registered 1,120,621 recruits, arrested 76,562 deserters, collected $26,366,316, and made an exact enrolment of the National forces. He was brevetted major-general in the regular army, March 13, 1865, for faithful, meritorious, and distinguished services. After the war he served as adjutant-general, with the rank of colonel, of the divisions of the Pacific, the South, the Missouri, and the Atlantic, till 1881, when he was retired from active service at his own request. He was the author of Final report of the operations of the Bureau of the Provost-Marshal-General in 1863-66; Sketch of the adjutant-general's Department of the United States army from 1775 to 1875; History and legal effects of brevets in the armies of Great Britain and the United States, from their origin in 1692 to the present time; Army sacrifices; McDowell and Tyler in the campaign of Bull Run; Operations of the army under Buell
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Frye, William Pierce (search)
2, 1831; graduated at Bowdoin College in 1850: and became a lawyer. He served as a member of the Maine legislature in 1861-62 and in 1867; was mayor of Lewiston in 1866-67; attorney-general of Maine in 1867-69; Representative in Congress in 1871-81; and was elected to the United States Senate in 1881, 1883, 1888, 1895, and 1900. For a number of years he was chairman of the Senate committee on commerce. In 1898 he was appointed one of the commissioners to negotiate a treaty with Spain, underates Senate in 1881, 1883, 1888, 1895, and 1900. For a number of years he was chairman of the Senate committee on commerce. In 1898 he was appointed one of the commissioners to negotiate a treaty with Spain, under the terms of the protocol, and afterwards ably defended the treaty in committee and on the floor of the Senate. In recognition of his services in behalf of peace the legislature of Maine set apart a day for him to become a guest of the State, and he was given a flattering reception.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 (search)
Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 Twentieth President of the United States; born in Orange, Cuyahoga co., O., Nov. 19, 1831. Left an orphan, his childhood and youth were spent alternately in school and in labor for his support. He drove horses on the Ohio canal; learned the carpenter's trade; worked at it during school vacations; entered the Geauga Academy, at Chester, O., in 1850, and, at the end of four years, had fitted himself for junior in college. He entered Williams College, Mass., that year; graduated in 1856; and then, till 1861, was first an instructor in Hiram College, and afterwards its president; gave his first vote for the Republican candidates, and took part in the canvass as a promising orator; studied law; was a member of the Ohio State Senate in 1859, and often preached to congregations of the Disciples' Church, of which he was a member. A firm supporter of the government, Garfield entered the military service in its defence, and in eastern Kentucky and elsewhe
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