though forbidden, to bury Polynices, as being naturally just:
For neither to-day nor yesterday, but from all eternity, these
statutes live and no man knoweth whence they came.
And as Empedocles says in regard to not killing that which has life,
for this is not right for some and wrong for others,
But a universal precept, which extends without a break throughout the
wide-ruling sky and the boundless earth.
AlcidamasOf Elis, pupil of Gorgias. The oration is
not extant, but the scholiast supplies his words: e)leuqe/rous a)fh=ke pa/ntas qeo/s: ou)de/na dou=lon h( fu/sis
pepoi/hken （“God has left all men free;
Nature has made none a slave”）. The Messenians had
revolted from Sparta.
also speaks of this precept in his Messeniacus. . . . And in relation to persons, there is a twofold
division of law; for what one ought to do or ought not to do is concernedwith the community generall
other. For Socrates says truly in his Funeral Oration that “it
is easy to praise Athenians in the presence of Athenians, but not in the
presence of Lacedaemonians.”See
Deliberative oratory borrows its exordia from
forensic, but naturally they are very uncommon in it. For in fact the hearers
are acquainted with the subject, so that the case needs no exordium, except for
the orator's own sake, or on account of his adversaries, or if the hearers
attach too much or too little importance to the question according to his idea.
Wherefore he must either excite or remove prejudice, and magnify or minimize the
importance of the subject. Such are the reasons for exordia; or else they merely
serve the purpose of ornament, since their absence makes the speech appear offhand. For such is the encomium
on the Eleans, in which Gorgias, without any preliminary sparring or movements,
starts off at once, “Elis,