laws and education, that neither is the servile condition more base than
honourable, nor the condition of free men more honourable
than base, and that those who died at ThermopylaeEpictetus alludes to the Spartans who fought at Thermopylae
B. C. 480 against Xerxes and his army. Herodotus (vii. 228) has
recorded the inscription placed over the Spartans:—
Stranger, go tell the Spartans, Here we lie
Obedient to those who bade us die.
The inscription is translated by Cicero, Tusc. Disp. i. 42. died
from these opinions; and through what other opinions did
the Athenians leave their city?When Xerxes was advancing on Athens, the Athenians left the
city and embarked on their vessels before the battle of Salamis, B. C.
480. See Cicero, De Officiis, iii. 11. Then those who talk
thus, marry and beget children, and employ themselves
in public affairs and make themselves priests and interpreters. Of whom? of gods who do not exist: and they
consult the Pythian priestess that they may hear lies,