ntroduced, by the same family in every instance.For the earlier laws de provocatione, see II. viii. 2, and III. Iv. 4.
The reason for renewing it more than once was, I think, simply this, that the wealth of a few carried more power than the liberty of the plebs. yet the Porcian law alone seems to have been passed to protect the persons of the citizens, imposing, as it did, a heavy penalty if anyone should scourge or put to death a Roman citizen.This law was not passed until (probably) 198 B.C., at the instance of the elder Cato, who was then praetor.
The Valerian law, having forbidden that he who had appealed should be scourged with rodsB.C. 299 or beheaded, merely provided that if anyone should disregard these injunctions it should be deemed a wicked act.
this seemed, I suppose, a sufficiently strong sanction of the law, so modest were men in those days;
at the present time one would hardly utter such a threat in earnest.
The same consul conducted an insig