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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 4 4 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 155 BC or search for 155 BC in all documents.

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Albi'nus 18. A. Postumius Albinus, A. F. A. N., apparently rently son of No. 13, was praetor B. C. 155 (Cic. Ac. 2.45; Plb. 33.1), and consul in 151 with L. Licinius Lucullus. He and his colleague were thrown into prison by the tribunes for conducting the levies with too much severity. (Liv. Epit. 48; Plb. 35.3; Oros. 4.21.) He one of the ambassadors sent in 153 to make peace between Attalus and Prusias (Plb. 33.11), and accompanied L. Mummies Achaicus into Greece in 146 as one of his legates. There was a statue erected to his honour on the Isthmus. (Cic. Att. 13.30, 32.) Albinus was well acquainted with Greek literature, and wrote in that language a poem and a Roman history, the latter of which is mentioned by several ancient writers. Polybius (40.6) speaks of him as a vain and light-headed man, who disparaged his own people, and was sillily devoted to the study of Greek literature. He relates a tale of him and the elder Cato, who reproved Albinus sharply, because in the preface to
Anaxida'mus (*)Anaci/damos), an Achaean ambassador, sent to Rome in B. C. 164, and again in B. C. 155. (Plb. 31.6, 8, 33.2
Archias 3. The governor of Cyprus under Ptolemy, received a bribe in order to betray the island to Demetrius, B. C. 155, but being detected he hanged himself. (Plb. 33.3.)
Aurunculeius 4. C. Aurunculeius, one of the three Roman ambassadors sent into Asia, B. C. 155, to prevent Prusias from making war upon Attalus. (Plb. 33.1.)
e Academy, which had suffered severely from the attacks of the Stoics; and on the death of Hegesinus, he was chosen to preside at the meetings of Academy, and was the fourth in succession from Arcesilaus. His great eloquence and skill in argument revived the glories of his school; and, defending himself in the negative vacancy of asserting nothing (not even that nothing can be asserted), carried on a vigorous war against every position that had been maintained by other sects. In the year B. C. 155, when he was fifty-eight years old, he was chosen with Diogenes the Stoic and Critolaus the Peripatetic to go as ambassador to Rome to deprecate the fine of 500 talents which had been imposed on the Athenians for the destruction of Oropus. During his stay at Rome, he attracted great notice from his eloquent declamations on philosophical subjects, and it was here that, in the presence of Cato the Elder, he delivered his famous orations on Justice. The first oration was in commendation of th
Critola'us (*Krito/laos), the Peripatetic philosopher, was a native of Phaselis, a Greek colony in Lycia, and studied philosophy at Athens under Ariston of Ceos, whom he succeeded as the head of the Peripatetic school. The great reputation which Critolaus enjoyed at Athens, as a philosopher, an orator, and a statesman, induced the Athenians to send him to Rome in B. C. 155, together with Carneades the Academic and Diogenes the Stoic, to obtain a remission of the fine of 500 talents which the Romans had imposed upon Athens for the destruction of Oropus. They were successful in the object for which they came; and the embassy excited the greatest interest at Rome. Not only the Roman youth, but the most illustrious men in the state, such as Scipio Africanus, Laelius, Furius, and others, came to listen to their discourses. The novelty of their doctrines seemed to the Romans of the old school to be fraught with such danger to the morals of the citizens, that Cato induced the senate to send
Dio'genes 3. Surnamed the BABYLONIAN, a Stoic philosopher. He was a native of Seleuceia in Babylonia, from which he derived his surname in order to distinguish him from other philosophers of the name of Diogenes. He was educated at Athens under the auspices of Chrysippus, and succeeded Zeno of Tarsus as the head of the Stoic school at Athens. The most memorable event of his life is the part he took in the embassy which the Athenians sent to Rome in B. C. 155, and which consisted of the three philosophers, Diogenes, Cameades, and Critolaus. These three philosophers, during their stay at Rome, delivered their epideictic speeches at first in numerous private assemblies, and afterwards also in the senate. Diogenes pleased his audience chiefly by his sober and temperate mode of speaking. (Gel. 7.14; Cic. Ac. 2.45; comp. CARNEADES and CRITOLAUS.) According to Lucian (Macrob. 20), Diogenes died at the age of 88; and as, in Cicero's Cato Major (7), Diogenes is spoken of as deceased, he must
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ates, the king, terrified in the highest degree, immediately sent the noblest Illyrians as mbassadors to Anicius Gallus to beg fora truce of three days, that he might have time to consider what was to be done. This request was granted. Gentius hoped in the meantime to receive reinforcements from his brother Caravantius, but being disappointed, he himself came into the Roman camp, and surrendered in a most humble manner. Anicius Gallus now entered Scodra, where he first of all liberated the Roman prisoners, and sent Perperna, one of them, to Rome, with the intelligence of the complete reduction of Gentius. The whole campaign had not lasted more than thirty days. The Roman senate decreed public thanksgivings for three days, and Anicius Gallus, on his return to Rome, celebrated a triumph over Gentius. In B. C. 155 he was one of the ambassadors sent to call Prusias to account for his conduct towards Attalus. (Liv. 44.17, 30, 31, 45.3, 26, 43; Plb. 30.13, 32.21, 33.6; Appian, App. Ill. 9.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
C. Acilius Glabrio was quaestor in B. C. 203, and tribune of the plebs in 197, when he brought forward a rogation for planting five colonies on the western coast of Italy, in order probably to repair the depopulation caused by the war with Hannibal. (Liv. 32.29.) Glabrio acted as interpreter to the Athenian embassy in B. C. 155, when the three philosophers, Carneades, Diogenes, and Critolaus came as envoys to Rome. [CARNEADES.] (Gel. 7.14; Plut. Cat. Ma. 22; Macr. 1.5.) Glabrio was at this time advanced in years, of senatorian rank; and Plutarch calls him a distinguished senator (l.c.). Works Greek History of Rome He wrote in Greek a history of Rome from the earliest period to his own times. This work is cited by Dionysius (3.77), by Cicero (de Off. 3.32), by Plutarch (Romul. 21), and by the author de Orig. Gent. Rom. ( 10.2). It was translated into Latin by one Claudius, and his version is cited by Livy, under the titles of Annales Aciliani (25.39) and Libri Aciliani (35.14). W
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
icuous for his three consulships. He succeeded his father as pontifex in B. C. 177, though he had not then held any of the higher offices of the state. (Liv. 41.13 ) In 169 he was appointed praetor, and Spain assigned him for his province. (Id. 43.11, 15.) Three years later he obtained his first consulship, B. . 166, which was marked by a victory over the Alpine tribes of the Gauls, for which he was honoured with a triumph. (Liv. 45.44, Epi.t. xlvi.; Fast. Capit.) His second consulship, in B. C. 155, was, in like manner, distinguished by a triumph over the Ligurians (Fast. Capit.); but we know nothing farther of his exploits on either of these occasions. In B. C. 152 he was a third time raised to the consulship, together with L. Valerius Flaccus, and appointed to conduct the war in Spain. Here he obtained some successes over the Celtiberians; and having added to the impression thus produced by the clemency with which lie treated the vanquished, he induced all the tribes at that time i
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