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ubordinates, all of whom had smelled powder. The latter office might be in charge of an experienced soldier recently commissioned, or of a man ambitious for such preferment. The flaming advertisements with which the newspapers of the day teemed, and the posters pasted on the bill-boards or the country fence, were the decoys which brought patronage to these fishers of men. Here is a sample:-- More Massachusetts Volunteers Accepted!!! Three Regiments to be Immediately Recruited! Gen. Wilson's regiment, To which Capt. Follett's battery is attached; Col. Jonesā€˜ gallant Sixth regiment, which went through Baltimore ; the N. E. Guards regiment, commanded by that excellent officer, Major J. T. Stevenson. The undersigned has this day been authorized and directed to fill up the ranks of these regiments forthwith. A grand opportunity is afforded for patriotic persons to enlist in the service of their country under the command of as able officers as the country has yet furnishe
cers' messes. The canning of meats, fruits, and vegetables was then in its infancy, and the prices, which in time of peace were high, by the demands of war were so inflated that the highest of high privates could not aspire to sample them unless he was the child of wealthy parents who kept him supplied with a stock of scrip or greenbacks. It can readily be seen that his thirteen dollars a month (or even sixteen dollar, to which the pay was advanced June 20, 1864, through the efforts of Henry Wilson, who strove hard to make it twenty-one dollars) would not hold out a great while to patronize an army sutler, and hundreds of the soldiers when the paymaster came round had the pleasure of signing away the entire amount due to them, whether two, three, or four months pay, to settle claims of the sutler upon them. Here are a few of his prices as I remember them:-- Butter (warranted to be rancid), one dollar a pound; cheese, fifty cents a pound; condensed milk, seventy-five cents a can
iameter of the whole design, surrounded by a wreath of laurel. Through the circle a wide red band passes vertically. From the wreath radiate rays in such a manner as to form a heptagon with concave sides. Seven hands spring from the wreath, each grasping a spear, whose heads point the several angles of the heptagon. Sheridan's Cavalry Corps had a badge, but it was not generally worn. The device was Gold crossed sabres on a blue field, surrounded by a glory in silver. The design of Wilson's Cavalry Corps was a carbine from which was suspended by chains a red, swallow-tail guidon, bearing gilt crossed sabres. The badge of the Engineer and Pontonier Corps is thus described: Two oars crossed over an anchor, the top of which is encircled by a scroll surmounted by a castle; the castle being the badge of the U. S. corps of engineers. As a fact, however, this fine body of men wore only the castle designed in brass. The badge of the Signal Corps was two flags crossed on the
for this purpose, yet, being strapped tightly to the body of the animal, they felt his every motion, thus making them an intensely uncomfortable carriage for a severely wounded soldier, so that they were used but very little. The distinguished surgeon Dr. Henry I. Bowditch, whose son, Lieut. Bowditch, was mortally wounded in the cavalry fight at Kelly's Ford, voiced, in his Plea for an ambulance system, the general dissatisfaction of the medical profession with the neglect or barbarous treatment of our wounded on the battle-field. This was as late as the spring of 1863. They had petitioned Congress to adopt some system without delay, and a bill to that effect had passed the House, but on Feb. 24, 1863, the Committee on Military Affairs, of which Senator Henry Wilson was chairman, reported against a bill in relation to Military Hospitals and to organize an Ambulance Corps, as an impracticable measure at that time, and the Senate adopted the report, and there, I think, it dropped.
p or down hill a liberal allowance was made for balky or headstrong mules. Colonel Wilson, the chief commissary of the army, in an interesting article to the United e the trials of a train quartermaster. At the opening of the campaign in 1864, Wilson's cavalry division joined the Army of the Potomac. Captain Ludington (now lieutof it, and with what it was loaded. Captain Ludington informed him that it was Wilson's cavalry supply train, loaded with forage and rations. These facts the aid rely to Meade, who sent him back again to inquire particularly if that really was Wilson's cavalry train. Upon receiving an affirmative answer, he again carried the sandstill, he rode up and asked:-- What train is this? The supply train of Wilson's cavalry Division, was the reply of a teamster. Who's in charge of it? lls, the threatened shooting of General Sheridan, and the original order of General Wilson, which. was to be on hand with the supplies at a certain specified time an
ts, 139; 40th Massachusetts, 270; 7th Michigan, 391; 7th New Hampshire, 248; 33rd New York, 277; 60th New York, 287; 72nd Pennsylvania, 312; 10th Vermont, 246; Artillery: 1st Maine, 319; 10th Massachusetts, 278; Cavalry: 10th New York, 139; Engineers: 15th New York, 378; 50th New York, 378, 384, 393 United States Christian Commission, 64-65 Taylor, Zachary, 25 412 Vicksburg, 57, 383 Vining's Station, Ga., 400 Wadsworth, James S., 369 Warren, Gouverneur K., 246,308, 349,367,406 Warrenton Sulphur Springs, Va., 239 Washington, 19,23,30, 120,162, 189,198,218,244,250-52,258, 265,298,303,315,318-19,331, 355,396 Wauhatchie, Tenn., 295 413 Waverly Magazine, 333 Weitzel, Godfrey, 268 Weldon and Petersburg Railroad, 246,327,351 West Roxbury, Mass., 44 Wilcox's Landing, Va., 237, 391 Wilderness, The, 177, 181,238,308, 323-24,331,339,342,363-64, 375,378,384 Wilson, Henry, 225,315 Wilson, James H., 267,372-75 Wilson's Creek, 118 Worcester, Mass., 44