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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 14: Manassas. (search)
ay; it marks great energy in McDowell that his expedition was only deferred a little over a week beyond the appointed time. On the 16th of July he issued his orders to march that afternoon. His army was organized as follows: First Division, commanded by Tyler: an aggregate of 9,936 men, divided into four brigades, respectively under Keyes, Schenck, Sherman, and Richardson. Second Division, commanded by Hunter: an aggregate of 2,648 men, divided into two brigades, under Porter and Burnside. Third Division, commanded by Heintzelman: an aggregate of 9,777 men, divided into three brigades, under Franklin, Willcox, and Howard. Fourth Division, commanded by Runyon: an aggregate of 5,752 men; no brigade commanders. Fifth Division, commanded by miles: an aggregate of 6,207 men, divided into two brigades, under Blenker and Davies. Thus, the total of his command, not including four regiments left in the Alexandria and Arlington forts, was 34,320 men. From this number,
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 15: Bull Run. (search)
egan; the mere momentum of the march seems to have carried the advance regiments under the first shower of rebel shells and bullets at distances varying from five hundred to one thousand yards. A preliminary artillery duel sprang up, under which Burnside led his four regiments after his battery into the fields to the left of the Sudley road. With a little more deliberation and a united onset, these would easily have brushed away Evans' thin line; but, in the delay incident to the first actual eth between attack and defence, the first stubborn contest of the day appears to have taken place, lasting perhaps from eleven o'clock till noon. The Union troops pressed forward with determined courage; the rebels resisted with such spirit that Burnside became apprehensive for his Rhode Island battery, and Sykes' battalion of regulars was sent to strengthen his left. By this time Hunter had sent Porter's brigade into the fields to the right of the Sudley road, where Griffin's battery could eng
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 16: the retreat. (search)
f his ability to hold the Warrenton turnpike and stone bridge and maintain free communication with Centreville. For this abundant resources were yet available. Burnside's brigade had remained in reserve on the morning's battle-field, and, after four hours rest, was yet capable of effective service. Keyes' brigade beyond the hi But, through the perversity of fate, each detachment now retreated by the same road over which it had come. Thus the bulk of the army — the brigades of Porter, Burnside, Franklin, Willcox, and Howard-went back over the long detour of ten miles round by Sudley Ford; these had with them, as yet, two batteries — a total of ten fiel from Sudley Ford came in sight, they found to their consternation that it was necessary to run the gauntlet of this artillery fire. The enemy opened fire, says Burnside's report, upon the retreating mass of men. Upon the bridge crossing Cub Run, a shot took effect upon the horses of a team that was crossing. The wagon was overt
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Appendix A. (search)
irst Brigade. Colonel Andrew Porter. 8th New York (militia), Colonel George Lyons. 14th New York (militia), Colonel Alfred M. Wood (wounded and captured), Lieut.-Colonel E. B. Fowler. 27th New York (militia), Colonel H. W. Slocum (wounded), Major J. J. Bartlett. Battalion U. S. Infantry, Major George Sykes. Battalion U. S. Marines, Major John G. Reynolds. Battalion U. S. Cavalry, Major I. N. Palmer. Company D, 5th U. S. Artillery, Captain Charles Griffin. Second Brigade. Colonel Ambrose E. Burnside. 2d New Hampshire. Col. Gilman Marston (wounded), Lieut.- Col. Frank S. Fiske. 1st Rhode Island, Major Joseph P. Balch. 2d Rhode Island (with battery), Colonel John S. Slocum (killed), Lieut.-Colonel Frank Wheaton. 17st New York (with two howitzers), Colonel Henry P. Martin. third Division. Colonel Samuel P. Heintzelman (wounded). First Brigade. Colonel William B. Franklin. 5th Massachusetts, Colonel Samuel C. Lawrence. 11th Massachusetts, Colonel George Clark, Jr.
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
imore, 86, 89 et seq. Buchanan, James, President, character of, 17 et seq., Southern sympathy of, 18; his message to Congress, 19, 23 et seq.; interview with the South Carolina Commissioners, 28, 30, 31; correspondence with the Washington Cabal, 37; justifies the revolution of the South, 69; his Union sentiment as expresident, 76 Buckhannon, 147 Buckner, Simon B., 130, 132, 135 Bull Run, 133; position and course of, 176; battle of, 181 et seq.; its effects, 206, 208 Burnside, General A. E., 174 Bunker Hill, Va., 163 Butler, General B. F., 92 et seq., 108 C. Cabinet, decision of, with regard to Fort Sumter, 51 Cadwalader, General, 157 Cairo, 128, 132, 134 Campbell, Justice, 54; his treachery, 35, 57, 69 Carrick's Ford, 152 et seq. Case, General, Secretary of State, 24; resigns, 26; supports the Union cause, 76 Centreville, Va., 177 Charleston, S. C., situation of, 20, 79 Cheat River, 146, 152 Chinn House, the, 194 Chambersbur