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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
s favor. At a subsequent session of the Convention, on the 27th of November, the name was changed to West Virginia, and a State Constitution was formed. On the 3d of May following the people ratified it, and on the same day the Legislature, at a called session, approved of the division of the State, and the establishment of a New Commonwealth. All of the requirements of the National Constitution now having been complied with, West Virginia was admitted as a State of the Union on the 3d of June, 1863, by an Act of Congress, approved by the President on the 31st of December, 1862. the conspirators denounced the action of Congress and the President as usurpation, and a violation of the third section of the fourth Article of the Constitution, which says:-- New States May be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no New State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of States,