Browsing named entities in HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks). You can also browse the collection for John Endicott or search for John Endicott in all documents.

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miles on either side of those rivers and bays; as also for the government of those who did or should inhabit within that compass. And the same year we sent Mr. John Endicott, and some with him, to begin a plantation; and to strengthen such as we should find there, which we sent thither from Dorchester, and some places adjoining; ived at Salem, at their own cost, were Ralph Sprague with his brethren Richard and William, who, with three or four more, by joint consent and approbation of Mr. John Endicott, Governor, did, the same summer of anno 1628 (9), undertake a journey from Salem, and travelled the woods above twelve miles to the westward, and lighted of ex. We will here give a copy of a letter which will be read with deep interest:-- Letter from Mathew Cradock, Governor of the Company; addressed to Mr. John Endicott, then in New England. Worthy sir, and my loving friend: All due commendations premised to yourself and second self, with hearty well-wishes from myself an
tions of country were owned and controlled by Companies in England, yet the people here claimed and exercised a corporate power in the elections of their rulers and magistrates. This was the case with Medford. To show what form of government our ancestors in Medford recognized and supported, we subjoin the following records:-- Oct. 19, 1630: First General Court of Massachusetts Colony, and this at Boston: Present, the Governor, Deputy-Governor, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Mr. Ludlow, Capt. Endicott, Mr. Nowell, Pynchon, Bradstreet. Since their arrival here, the first form of their government was that of Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants; the Patentees with their heirs, assigns, and associates, being freemen. But now, in this General Court, they agree on a second form, as follows; proposed as the best course: For the freemen to have the power of choosing Assistants, when they are to be chosen; and the Assistants, from among themselves, to choose the Governor and Deputy-Gov
little love for Episcopacy. His Plea for infant baptism was considered one of his ablest works. Though early biased in favor of Calvinism, he would not allow himself to be a slave to other men's decisions. He would judge of the Bible for himself. Nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri. We should like to have seen him in the situation of Rev. Marmaduke Mathews, the first minister of Malden, in 1650, who was accused of free thinking and free talking; and the General Court ordered Governor Endicott, in its name, to admonish him. We think the General Court and Governor, before they had got Dr. Osgood under their spiritual duress, would have been glad to say, Go thy way for this time: when we have a more convenient season, we will call for thee. He was that freeman whom the truth makes free, and maintained that right reason is to our understandings what the Spirit of God is to our hearts. El sabio muda consejo, el nescio no. His views of the gospel dispensation gradually expan
ncial joy (1750):-- And now, Old Tenor, fare you well; No more such tattered rags we'll tell. Now dollars pass, and are made free; It is a year of jubilee. Let us, therefore, good husbands be; And good old times we soon shall see. Taxes. The first inhabitants of Medford, bringing with them the common usage of England with respect to poll and property taxation, adopted the rules which they had followed in their native country. The records of our Colonial General Courts, under Governor Endicott, before the arrival of Governor Winthrop, are lost, and therefore the rates of taxation from 1628 to 1633 cannot be ascertained; yet they may be presumed from the subsequent rates which were soon after established with respect to church and state expenses. The first rule enacted by the Legislature was in 1646. This was twenty-pence a poll, and one penny on a pound, for the State. Sterling was the currency till 1652, when the pine-tree coin, called New England currency, was introduce
ylvester, b. May 30, 1823.  1Richardson, John, and Abigail, his wife, had--  1-2Joshua, b. Sept. 22, 1714.  3Abigail, b. July 23, 1716.  4Susanna, b. May 2, 1718.  5John, b. May 29, 1721.  6James, b. June 15, 1725.  7Joseph, b. Aug. 16, 1729.  8William Richardson had, by wife Rebecca,--  8-9Mary, b. Apr. 17, 1717.  (I am indebted for the following account to the kindness of Hon. James Savage.)  1Royall, William, of Casco, 1636, had been sent by the governor and company to Captain Endicott, at Salem, 1629, as a cleaver of timber. Part of the town of Salem was early called Ryall's side. He purchased of Gorges, 1643, on east side of Royall's River, in North Yarmouth, and lived near its mouth. He m. Phebe Green, step-dau. of Samuel Cole, of Boston. Children:--  1-2William, b. 1640.  3John.  4Samuel. 1-2William Royall was driven by the Indians from North Yarmouth, and remained at Dorchester some years. Freeman 1678; d. Nov. 7, 1724. Children:--  2-5Isaac,