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ction; and, after fighting for more than an hour, the little fleet was forced to withdraw. The St. Louis was struck fifty-nine times, the Louisville thirty-six times, the Carondelet twenty-six, the Pittsburg twenty, the four vessels receiving no less than one hundred and forty-one wounds. The fleet, gathering itself together, and rendering mutual help to its disabled members, proceeded to Cairo to repair damages. The loss of the enemy was fifty-four killed and wounded. The report of Major Gilmer, who laid out these works, says: Our batteries were uninjured, and not a man in them killed. The repulse of the gunboats closed the operations of the day, except a few scattering shots along the land defenses. In consequence of reenforcements to the enemy, the plan of operations for the next day was determined by the Confederate generals about midnight. The whole of the left wing of the army, except eight regiments, was to move out of the trenches, attack, turn, and drive the en
n one hundred and fifty to four hundred yards of the enemy's position, and nothing seemed wanting to complete the most brilliant victory of the war but to press forward and make a vigorous assault on the demoralized remnant of his forces. General Gilmer, the chief engineer of the Confederate States Army, in a letter to Colonel William Preston Johnston, dated September 17, 1872, writes as follows: It is my well-considered opinion that if your father had survived the day he would have crusfather knew it when he received the fatal shot, the order for withdrawal would certainly not have been given, and, without such order, I know the enemy would have been crushed. The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston, pp. 635, 636. To General Gilmer's opinion as a scientific engineer, a soldier of long experience, and a man of resolute will as well as calm judgment, the greatest respect will be accorded by those who knew him in the United States Army, as well as his associates in the Con
ironclads, with six or seven storeships, and some twenty other vessels. The position of each one was known, and they could be approached within a half-mile, which made it easy to attack, destroy, or disperse them at night by floating torpedoes, connected together by twos by a rope one hundred thirty yards long, buoyed up and stretched across the current by two boats, which were to be dropped in ebbing tide to float down among the vessels. This plan, says General Rains, was opposed by General Gilmer of the engineer corps on the ground that they might float back and destroy our own boat. One was sent down to go in the midst of the fleet, and made its mark. An act of devoted daring was here performed by Commander W. T. Glassell, Confederate States Navy, which claims more than a passing notice. While the enemy was slowly contracting his lines around Charleston, his numerous ships of war kept watch-and-ward outside of the harbor. Our few vessels, almost helpless by their defective e
mond, he was to continue his efforts so as to reach the James River below Richmond, and thus to connect with the army under General Butler, moving up on the south side of the James. The topography of the country favored that design. The streams in the country in which he was operating all trended toward the southeast, and his change of position was frequently made under cover of them. Butler in the meantime was ordered with the force of his department, about twenty thousand, reenforced by Gilmer's division of ten thousand, to move up to City Point, there entrench, and concentrate all his troops as rapidly as possible. From this base he was expected to operate so to as destroy the railroad connections between Richmond and the South. On May 7th he telegraphed that he had destroyed many miles of railroad, and got a position which, with proper supplies, we can hold out against the whole of Lee's army. At this time Major General Robert Ransom, as before mentioned, was in command at
Sherman's pursuing column, which, interposing, would prevent the troops coming from the west from joining Beauregard, enable him to destroy our force in detail by the joint action of his own army and that of Schofield, commanding the district of Wilmington. The anxiety created by this condition of affairs caused me, after full correspondence with General Lee, to suggest to him to give his views to General Beauregard, and I sent to General Beauregard's headquarters the chief engineer, General J. F. Gilmer, he being possessed fully of my opinions and wishes. General Beauregard modified his proposed movements so as to keep his forces on the left of the enemy's line of march until the troops coming from Hood's army could make a junction. These were the veteran commands of Stevenson, Cheatham, and Stewart. Lieutenant General S. D. Lee, though he had not entirely recovered from a wound received in the Tennessee campaign, was at Augusta, Gorgia, collecting the fragments of Hood's army to
against Great Britain, 236-37. Georgia, reconstruction, 630-32. Georgia (cruiser), 221, 237. Germantown (frigate), 164. Gettysburg, Pa., Battle of, 355, 370-78. Ghent, Treaty of, 1815, 7. Gillmore, General Q. A., 65, 533. Gilmer, Gen. J. F., 25, 175, 428, 534. Extract from letter to Col. W. P. Johnston, 51-52. Gilmore, James R., 515-16. Gist, General, death, 489. Gladden, General, 46. Glassell, Commander W. T., 175. Gleason, William, 200. Goggin, Major, 454. GoldsboNote from Davis for conference in Greensboro, 576. Conference with Davis, 576-79. Conferences with Sherman on terms of surrender, 580-84, 587-88. Statements concerning Davis, 585-86. Colonel William Preston, 46, 589. Extract from letter of Gen. Gilmer, 51-52. Description of Gen. A. S. Johnston's death, 53-54. -Sherman convention, 587-88, 591, 592. Joinville, Prince de, 73, 87. Jones, Lt. Catesby ap R., 164, 165, 167, 168. General, D. R., 131, 273, 283, 303-06. General, J. K., 281. J