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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), First republic in America. (search)
First republic in America. See New Orleans. Fish, Hamilton, statesman; son of Col. Nicholas Fish; born in New York Hamilton Fish. City, Aug. 3, 1808; graduated at Columbia College in 1827; admitted to the bar in 1830; and was elected to Congress in 1842. In 1848 he was chosen governor Nicholas Fish. of the State of New York, and in 1851 became a member of the United States Senate, acting with the Republican party after its formation in 1856. He was a firm supporter of the government during the Civil War, and in March, 1869, was called to the cabinet of President Grant as Secretary of State, and remained in that post eight years, during which time he assisted materially in settling various disputes with Great Britain, of which the Alabama claims controversy was the most important. He was presidentgeneral of the Society of the Cincinnati, and for many years president of the New York Historical Society. He died in New York City. Sept. 7, 1893.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Halleck, Henry wager 1815- (search)
tlan, and was made lieutenant-governor. From Aug. 13, 1847, to Dec. 20, 1849, he was secretary of the province and Territory of California, and had a large share in preparing the State constitution. He left the army in 1854, and began the practice of law in San Francisco. In August, 1861, he was appointed a major-general of the regular army, and succeeded Fremont in command of the Western Department in November. In 1862 he took command of the army before Corinth, and in July of that year he was appointed general-in-chief, and held that post until superseded by Grant, when he became chief of staff of the army, remaining such till April, 1865, when he was placed in command of the Military Division of the James, with his headquarters at Richmond. In August he was transferred to the Division of the Pacific, and in March, 1869, to that of the South, with headquarters at Louisville, where he died Jan. 9, 1872. General Halleck published several works upon military and scientific topics.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McCulloch, Hugh 1808- (search)
as appointed comptroller of the currency under the new national banking law, and two years later became Secretary of the Treasury. At this time there was a tremendous financial strain upon the government, on account of the heavy war expenses. In less than six months, however, after his appointment as Secretary of the Treasury, a large amount of the money due 500,000 soldiers and sailors was paid, and besides the payment of other obligations a considerable reduction was made in the national debt. His conversion of more than $1,000,000,000 of short-time obligations into a funded loan in less than two years placed the whole public debt on a satisfactory basis. He was Secretary of the Treasury till March, 1869, and afterwards was engaged in banking in London till 1878. In 1884 President Arthur recalled him to the Treasury Department, where he remained till March, 1885. He died near Washington, D. C., May 24, 1895. Secretary McCulloch was author of Men and measures of half a century.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Senate, United States (search)
. 24, 1879, till March 3, 1879. Three men of the same family— James A. Bayard, his son of the same name, and his grandson, Thomas F. Bayard—represented Delaware, the first from January, 1805, till March, 1813; the second from April, 1867, till March, 1869, and the third from March, 1869, till March, 1885. Three other men of the same family name also represented Delaware in the Senate—Joshua Clayton, from Jan. 19, 1798, till his death the following July; Thomas Clayton, from Jan. 8, 1824, till MMarch, 1869, till March, 1885. Three other men of the same family name also represented Delaware in the Senate—Joshua Clayton, from Jan. 19, 1798, till his death the following July; Thomas Clayton, from Jan. 8, 1824, till March 3, 1827, and again from Jan. 9, 1837, till March 3, 1847; John M. Clayton, from March 4, 1845, till Feb. 23, 1849, and again from March 4, 1853, till his death, Nov. 9, 1856. Three men named Bell, two of them brothers, the third a son of one of them, represented New Hampshire in the Senate—Samuel Bell, from March 4, 1823, till March 4, 1835; his son, James Bell, from July 30, 1855, till May 26, 1859, and Charles Henry Bell from March 13, 1879, till June 17, 1879. At one time during the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Seward, William Henry 1801-1872 (search)
been a place of resort for Booth and his accomplices. Three others were sentenced to imprisonment, at hard labor, for life, and one for six months. President Johnson offered $100,000 reward for the arrest of Jefferson Davis; $25,000 apiece for the arrest of Jacob Thompson, C. C. Clay, G. N. Saunders, and Beverly Tucker; and $10,000 for the arrest of W. C. Cleary. Mr. Seward never recovered fully from the shock of the accident and the assassin's attack. Retiring from public life in March, 1869, he made an extended tour through California and Oregon to Alaska, and in August, 1870, accompanied by some of his family, he set out upon a tour around the world, returning to Auburn in October, 1871. He had been everywhere received with marks of high consideration. His recorded observations were edited by his adopted daughter, and published. Mr. Seward's Works (4 vols.), contained his speeches in legislative debates, eulogies in the Senate of several of his colleagues, occasional add
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sheridan, Philip Henry 1831-1888 (search)
e Congress, made nervous, wanted to adjourn and depart, but they were persuaded to remain. From Columbia, where Sheridan rested a day, he dashed off to the Virginia Central Railway, which he destroyed for the distance of 15 miles. Then Custer in one direction, and Devin in another, made complete destruction of railways and bridges, as well as supplies, in Lee's rear, inflicting a more serious blow to the Confederate cause than any victory during the last campaign. Sheridan then swept around by the White House, and joined the army before Petersburg on March 26. He had disabled fully 200 miles of railway, destroyed a vast number of bridges, and property to the value of several million dollars. After the war he was in command in Louisiana and Texas, and enforced the reconstruction acts there, for which he was removed by President Johnson in August, 1867. He was made lieutenantgeneral in March, 1869, and general of the army, June 1, 1888. He died in Nonquitt, Mass., Aug. 5, 1888.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
eroy unanimously elected speaker......March 3, 1869 Fortieth Congress adjourns......March 4, 1869 General Grant inaugurated President......March 4, 1869 twenty-first administration—Republican, March 4, 1869, to March 3, 1873. Ulysses S. Grant, Illinois, President. Schuyler Colfax, Indiana, Vice-President. Forty-first Congress, first session, meets......March 4, 1869 General Gillem removed from 4th Military District (Mississippi), and Gen. Adelbert Ames appointed......March, 1869 A. T. Stewart, nominated and confirmed as Secretary of the Treasury, March 5, resigns because of act of Sept. 2, 1789, which forbids any one interested in importing to hold the office......March 9, 1869 Earliest practicable redemption of United States notes in coin promised by act......March 18, 1869 President's message to the Senate on claims upon Great Britain......April 7, 1869 President calls a special session of the Senate for April 12......April 8, 1869 First session