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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garrett, Thomas 1783-1871 (search)
Garrett, Thomas 1783-1871 Abolitionist; born in Upper Darby, Pa., Aug. 21, 1783; acquired a fortune in the iron business. In 1807 his sympathy for the slaves was first aroused, and for forty years thereafter he aided escaping slaves so skilfully that when their owners found the fugitives had reached his house they generally abandoned the chase. He was instrumental within the limits of the law in liberating about 3,000 slaves from Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia. Later, however, he was forced to part with his whole fortune in paying damages to the owners of runaway slaves. Afterwards his friends loaned him money to again engage in business, and before his death he accumulated a second fortune. He died in Wilmington, Del., Jan. 23, 1871.