called the battle of Groveton (q. v.). On the morning after the battle at Groveton, Pope's army was greatly reduced.
It had failed to prevent the unity of Lee's army, and prudence dictated its immediate flight across Bull Run, and even to the defences of Washington.
But Pope determined to resume the battle the next morning.
He had received no reinforcements or supplies since the 26th, and had no positive assurance that any would be sent.
He confidently expected rations and forage from McClellan at Alexandria (a short distance away), who was to supply them; and it was not until the morning of the 30th (August, 1862), when it was too late to retreat and perilous to stand still, that he received information that rations and forage would be sent as soon as he (Pope) should send a cavalry escort for the train — a thing impossible.
He had no alternative but to fight.
Both commanders had made dispositions for attack in the morning.
Lee's movements gave Pope the impression that the Co