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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fisher's Hill, action at. (search)
ate train of seventy-five wagons. Thence his cavalry pursued as far as Staunton, where the remnant of Early's army sought and found shelter in the passes of the Blue Ridge. The National cavalry destroyed a vast amount of supplies at Staunton, passed on to Waynesboro, and laid waste the Virginia Central Railway. Then Sheridan's whole army went down the Shenandoah Valley, making his march a track of desolation. He had been instructed to leave nothing to invite the enemy to return. placed his forces behind Cedar Creek, halfway between Strasburg and Middletown. Early's cavalry had rallied, under Rosser, and hung upon Sheridan's rear as he moved down the valley. Torbert and his cavalry turned upon them (Oct. 9) and charged the Confederates, who fled, leaving behind them 300 prisoners, a dozen guns, and nearly fifty wagons. They were chased 26 miles. Three days later Early attempted to surprise Sheridan, while resting at Fisher's Hill, when the Confederates were severely chastised.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sheridan, Philip Henry 1831-1888 (search)
as soon as he got the news he rode to the front at a swinging gallop, rallied the Nationals, and crushed Early. Sheridan's ride has been immortalized in poetry, art, and song. Sheridan left Winchester on Feb. 27, 1865, with about 10,000 men, composed of the divisions of cavalry of Merritt and Custer. To the latter division was added a brigade of West Virginia troops under --Colonel Capehart. Sheridan's troops moved rapidly up the Shenandoah Valley towards Staunton. On the way they met Rosser, with 400 men, who was disposed to dispute the passage of a fork of the Shenandoah; but he was soon chased away, and the column moved on to Staunton and Rockfish Gap. Early, with 2,500 men behind strong intrenchments, was at Waynesboro to dispute their passage. Custer soon routed him, capturing 1,600 of his men, with eleven guns, seventeen battle-flags, and 200 loaded wagons, with a loss of less than a dozen men. This finished Early as a military leader. The raiders destroyed Confederate
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
y of the Potomac started for Richmond in May, 1864. In that region Confederate cavalry. guerilla bands, and bushwhackers had been mischievously active for some time. Moseby was an active marauder there, and, as early as January (1864), Gen. Fitzhugh Lee (q. v.), with his mounted men, had made a fruitless raid on the Baltimore and Ohio Railway west of Cumberland. A little later Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of the Confederates in the Shenandoah Valley, sent a foraging expedition under Rosser in the same direction, who was more successful, capturing 1,200 cattle and 500 sheep at one place, and a company of Union soldiers at another. General Averill struck him near Romney After Appomattox. and drove him entirely out of the new commonwealth (see State of West Virginia), with the loss of his prisoners and a large proportion of his own men and horses. General Sigel was put at the head of a large force in the Shenandoah Valley (April, 1864), who gave the command of the Kanawha Va