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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Saxton, Rufus 1824- (search)
Saxton, Rufus 1824- Military officer; born in Greenfield, Mass., Oct. 19, 1824; graduated at West Point in 1849; led a surveying party across the Rocky Mountains in 1853, and afterwards was employed in the coast survey. He was with Captain Lyon at St. Louis when the Civil War broke out, and was prominent in breaking up the Confederate Camp Jackson (see St. Louis arsenal). He was with McClellan in western Virginia, and then with General Sherman in the South as quartermaster-general. He was in command at Harper's Ferry awhile, and, as brigadiergeneral (April 15, 1862), was made military governor of the Department of the South, serving in that capacity from 1862 to 1865. In 1865 he was brevetted majorgeneral of volunteers; in 1882 was promoted colonel and assistant quartermastergeneral, United States army; and in 1888 was retired.