Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Salmantica (Spain) or search for Salmantica (Spain) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Columbus, Christopher 1435-1536 (search)
the biographer of his father. It was an inauspicious moment for Columbus to lay his projects before the Spanish monarchs, for their courts were moving from place to place, in troublous times, surrounded by the din and pageantry of war. But at Salamanca he was introduced to King Ferdinand by Mendoza, Archbishop of Toledo and Grand Cardiral of Spain. A council of astronomers and cosmographers was assembled at Salamanca to consider the project. They decided that the scheme was visionary, unsSalamanca to consider the project. They decided that the scheme was visionary, unscriptural, and irreligious, and the navigator was in danger of arraignment before the tribunal of the Inquisition. For seven years longer the patient navigator waited, while the Columbus before the council. Spanish monarchs were engaged with the Moors in Granada, during which time Columbus served in the army as a volunteer. Meanwhile the King of Portugal had invited him (1488) to return, and Henry VII. had also invited him by letter to come to the Court of England, giving him encouraging
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de 1510-1542 (search)
Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de 1510-1542 Explorer; born in Salamanca, Spain, about 1510; set out in 1540, by command of Mendoza, viceroy of Mexico, from Culiacan, on the southeast coast of the Gulf of California, with 350 Spaniards and 800 Indians, to explore the country northward. He followed the coast nearly to the head of the gulf, and then penetrated to the Gila, in the present Arizona Territory. Following that stream to its head-waters, he crossed the great hills eastward, to the upper waters of the Rio Grande del Norte, which he followed to their sources. Then, crossing the Rocky Mountains, he traversed the great desert northeastwardly to the present States of Colorado or Kansas, under lat. 40° N. In all that vast region he found little to tempt or reward a conquest—rugged mountains and plains and a few Indian vilages in some of the valleys. He made quite an elaborate report, accompanying it with drawings of the cities and houses built by the Indians (see below). He die
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cortez, Hernando 1485- (search)
Cortez, Hernando 1485- Military officer; born in Medellin, Estremadura, Spain, in 1485, of a good family; studied law two years at Salamanca, and in 1504 sailed from San Lucar for Santo Domingo in a merchant vessel. The governor received him kindly, and he was soon employed, under Diego Velasquez, in quelling a revolt. In 1511 Diego Columbus (q. v.), governor of Santo Domingo, sent Velasquez to conquer and colonize Cuba. Cortez accompanied him. Santiago was founded, and Cortez was made alnever finished, and were large enough to take it should become necessary. The city has many public squares, in which are situated the markets and other places for buying and selling. There is one square twice as large as that of the city of Salamanca, surrounded by porticos, where are daily assembled more than 60,000 souls, engaged in buying and selling; and where are found all kinds of merchandise that the world affords, embracing the necessaries of life, as for instance articles of food,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Las Casas, Bartolome de 1474-1566 (search)
Las Casas, Bartolome de 1474-1566 Missionary; born in Seville, Spain, in 1474. His father was a companion of Columbus in his two earlier voyages, and in the seeond one he took this son, then a student at Salamanca, with him. Bartolome accompanied Columbus on his third and fourth voyages, and, on his return, entered the order of the Dominicans, that he might become a missionary among the natives of the new-found islands of the West. He went to Santo Domingo, and was there ordained a priest, in 1510, and gave the name to the island in compliment to his order. Las Casas was chaplain to Velasquez when the latter conquered Cuba, and did much to alleviate the sufferings of the conquered natives. In 1515 he went to Spain to seek redress for them, and found a sympathizer in Cardinal Ximenes, who became regent of Spain the following year, and sent out three monks to correct abuses. Their services were not satisfactory, and, returning to Spain, Las Casas was appointed Universal Prot
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Leutze, Emanuel 1816-1868 (search)
Leutze, Emanuel 1816-1868 Artist; born in Gmund, Wurtemberg, May 24, 1816; was brought to the United States during infancy. He began to achieve success as a painter of portraits in 1840, but later turned his attention to historical subjects. His paintings include Columbus before the council of Salamanca; Columbus in chains; Columbus before the Queen; Landing of the Norsemen in America; Washington crossing the Delaware; Washington at Monmouth; Washington at the battle of Monongahela; News from Lexington; Sergeant Jasper; Washington at Princeton; Lafayette in prison at Olmutz visited by his relatives, etc. In 1860 he was chosen by the United States government to make a large mural painting on one of the staircases in the Capitol, entitled Westward the Star of Empire takes its way. He died in Washington, D. C., July 18, 1868.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Orleans. (search)
such a case, to arrest the members of the legislature. The governor misinterpreted the order, and, without waiting to know whether suspicions of its intentions were well founded, he placed a military guard at the door of the legislative hall and broke up the session. Remains of Rodriguez's Canal in 1861. Jackson's victory in 1814-15. The battle at Villereas plantation (Dec. 23, 1814) dispirited the British invaders, and in this condition Lieut.-Gen. Edward Pakenham, the hero of Salamanca, and one of Wellington's veteran officers, found them on his arrival on Christmas Day, with reinforcements, to take chief command. He was delighted to find under his command some of the best of Wellington's troops that fought on the Spanish Peninsula. He immediately prepared to effect the capture of New Orleans and the subjugation of Louisiana without delay. While Jackson was casting up intrenchments along the line of Rodriguez's Canal, from the Mississippi back to an impassable swamp 2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Weir, Robert Walter 1803-1889 (search)
Y., June 18, 1803; studied art in Italy three years, and, returning home in 1827, opened a studio in New York City. From 1830 to 1834 he was Professor of Perspective in the National Academy of Design; in the latter year was appointed instructor in drawing in the United States Military Academy; and held that post and performed its duties with success for a little more than forty years. Professor Weir's paintings are not numerous, but are highly valued for the truthfulness and the delicacy of sentiment which they all exhibit. Among the most noted of his pictures are the Embarkation of the Pilgrims, painted for the rotunda of the Capitol at Washington; The Atiquary introducing Lovel to his Womankind; Red Jacket; Columbus before the council at Salamanca; The Landing of Hendric Hudson; The Greek girl, Rebecca; Poestum by Moonlight; The presentation in the Temple; The dying Greek; The taking of the veil; and The journey of the Disciples to Emmaus. He died in New York City, May 1, 1889.