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asked him what knowledge he had of the defences around Charleston, and of the best mode of taking Fort Sumter, in the event of its being necessary to resort to force against it. He read to Major Beauregard a letter he had just received from Governor Pickens, of South Carolina, describing the condition of affairs there, and asking that an officer of experience should be sent to take charge of the operations then going on, and, if necessary, to assume command of the State troops there assembled. ons between all sections of the country were still free—and the next day received formal information of the acceptance of his resignation by President Buchanan. Upon his informing Mr. Davis of the fact, the latter instructed him to repair at once to Charleston, there to report to Governor Pickens, and to take command of the State troops, should the South Carolina authorities so desire — the troops then assembled at or near Charleston not having yet regularly entered the Confederate servi
mter. hoisting of Palmetto flags. steamer Star of the West. Governor Pickens summons Major Anderson to surrender the Fort. he declines, burleston on the 1st of March, 1861, and immediately repaired to Governor Pickens's headquarters, which were then established at the Charleston Hotel. Governor Pickens was found in earnest consultation with eminent citizens of the Palmetto State. A hearty welcome was extended to the Cunced in advance of time, and was anxiously awaited by all. Governor Pickens proposed to put General Beauregard in command without delay, bher in rapid succession. Major Anderson, demanding to know of Governor Pickens whether or not he had authorized the firing on a transport beaStates flag, was answered in the affirmative. Soon afterwards Governor Pickens formally summoned Major Anderson to surrender Fort Sumter to timating both the people and the authorities of South Carolina, Governor Pickens acceded to this request, and the Honorable Isaac W. Hayne was
on the 8th of April, Mr. Chew, from the State Department at Washington, had notified both Governor Pickens and General Beauregard that the government intended to provision Fort Sumter peaceably, if e, and did manifest symptoms of anxiety for his personal safety; but General Beauregard and Governor Pickens gave him at once most positive assurances that he had no reason to fear any act of violenceincoln's messenger, he was escorted to the railroad depot by aids of General Beauregard and Governor Pickens, and left Charleston unmolested, and as freely as he had entered it. The only thing he coulctivity of the warlike armaments mentioned yesterday. The rumor that they are destined against Pickens, and perhaps Sumter, is getting every day stronger. We know nothing positive on the subject, b To L. P. Walker: Dear Sir,--An authorized messenger from Mr. Lincoln has just informed Governor Pickens and myself that provisions will be sent to Fort Sumter, peaceably if they can, forcibly if
ammunition to waste. And General Crawford, in his First Shot against the Flag, Annals of the War, p. 328. makes the following statement: During the night of the 12th, the accurate range of the mortars lodged a shell in the parade, or about the work, at intervals of fifteen minutes. It was estimated that over twenty-five hundred shot and shell struck the fort during the first twenty-four hours. It was expected that the Federal fleet, alluded to by Mr. Lincoln's special messenger to Governor Pickens and General Beauregard, would arrive that night, and might attempt to throw troops, ammunition, and supplies into Fort Sumter. To guard against such an untoward event, the keenest watchfulness was observed at our beach batteries and by the forces on Morris and Sullivan's islands. The details of men at the Drummond lights were also on the alert, and ready at a moment's notice to illuminate the channels; while Captain Hartstein, with his cruising vessels, actively patrolled the outer h
ordered to Richmond. regrets of Carolinians at his departure. letter of Governor Pickens.> What with the burning of its quarters, the injury inflicted on its waast, from Charleston to Port Royal. This he did at the special request of Governor Pickens, the object being the adoption of a system of defence to be carried out atton and Savannah Railroad. But upon the earnest and reiterated request of Governor Pickens, and other eminent citizens, whose zeal and efforts were untiring, General requested to communicate the foregoing to General G. T. Beauregard. Governor Pickens, than whom none valued more the worth of the great Creole, as General Beauericksburg, was wounded and lost a foot at the battle of Chancellorsville. Governor Pickens also presented a commission as first lieutenant in the 1st South Carolina hat the public service should require his transfer to another department. Governor Pickens, in a letter wishing him God speed in his new field of duty, said: Your sc
the facts. He stated that on the day preceding his first despatch commanding Bragg to proceed to Vicksburg (14th June, I think), he received a despatch from Governor Pickens, of South Carolina, informing him that Beauregard (to whom Pickens had previously sent a despatch requesting him to come to Charleston and take command therePickens had previously sent a despatch requesting him to come to Charleston and take command there) had replied that his presence was absolutely necessary to the army at Tupelo, and that he could not leave it. He (the President) further stated the following condition of things existed at that time: Columbus and Island No.10 had surrendered; Fort Pillow was evacuated, Memphis was abandoned, the enemy were taking possession of thbject. We have furnished the whole of the evidence relating to it; and, in order to make the chain more complete, we now refer the reader to the despatch of Governor Pickens, and General Beauregard's answer to it, to be found in the Appendix to this chapter. Let the reader carefully compare the facts composing that evidence with
Telegram of L. P. Walker, Secretary of War, to Governor Pickens, of South Carolina. War Department, C. S. A., Montgomery, March 1st, 1861. Gov. F. W. Pickens, Charleston, S. C.: Your letter to President receipartment, Montgomery, March 1st, 1861. His Excellency F. W. Pickens, Governor, etc.: Sir—Your letter of theed without delay to Charleston, and report to Governor Pickens for military duty in that State. You are aut referred to has been this day transmitted to Governor Pickens. You will report to this department your arto the following gentlemen: To his Excellency, Governor Pickens, and staff—especially Colonels Lamar and Deari not much to be feared. G. T. Beauregard. Governor Pickens, of South Carolina, to General Beauregard. t is willing—at least for the present. Answer. F. W. Pickens. General Beauregard's answer. GovernoGovernor F. W. Pickens, Columbia, S. C.: Would be happy to do so, but my presence absolutely required here at presen<