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d the influx and efflux. Diodorus Siculus also describes the canal. His measurements differ from the modern ones. Herodotus states that the Lake Moeris was excavated 1385 B. C., and was 450 miles in circumference. It was probably a natural basin artificially adapted as a reservoir to be filled during high Nile. Nebuchadnezzar constructed a canal 400 or 500 miles long, running from Hit, the Is of Herodotus, to the Bay of Graine, on the Persian Gulf. It is referred to by Strabo (xvi. 1052). It has been traced by Colonel Rawlinson from Hit almost to the Bay of Graine. Herodotus and Pliny mention the canals of Asia Minor. The first constructed in Europe was probably that dug by Xerxes across the low Isthmus of Athos. The Greeks attempted to cut one across the Isthmus of Corinth. Among the early European canals may be mentioned the canal through the Pontine Marshes, made 162 B. C.; and the Fossa Phillistina and Carbonania, dug by the Etruscans, and which derived their wat