at Damascus and thence deriving its name.
It had raised figures in various patterns, and flowers in their natural colors embossed upon a white or colored ground.
The work was probably of the nature of embroidery in the first place, but the figures were afterwards exhibited on the surface by a peculiar arrangement of the loom, which brought up certain of the colors and depressed others, according to the requirements of the pattern.
We read of similar goods in the year 1305 B. C., when Deborah celebrated the victory over Sisera: —
Divers colors of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil.
The events of the bloody battle of Mt. Tabor took place but four days march from Damascus, and it is probable that this ancient city was, as early as the times of Abraham (1996 – 1822 B. C.), the workshop of articles in metal, silk, wool, and flax, as well as the depot of an extensive trade between the Orientals on the east and the Phoenicians, the carriers
o a carriage which travels to and fro in front of a vertical web. The needles have an eye in the middle and a point at each end. They are grasped by pincers and pulled through.
Ornamentation by raised figures of needle-work.
This is a very ancient art.
The Egyptians, Babylonians, Medes, and Persians all excelled in it.
The adornments of the tabernacle in the wilderness were of tapestry worked in blue, scarlet, and gold.
The garment of Sisera, as referred to by Deborah, was embroidery, needle-work on both sides.
Homer refers to embroidery as the occupation of Helen and Andromache.
The tents of wealthy Arabs have an inner covering of white embroidered stuff beneath the dark, outer, water-proof covering of goat's-hair.
The Tartar women excel in embroidery, and exhibit in this a skill, taste, and variety that is really admirable.
It is very doubtful whether it would be possible to find, even in France, embroideries as beautiful and pe
larger than the other; from a screw in that the latter is not driven but twisted into the wood; from a brad in having a head, while the brad has but a spur.
The nail used by Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite, when she smote Sisera, was a tent-pin (wated). The hammer was the mallet used to drive in the tent-pin.
The nail was probably of hard wood, and when fastened in a sure place was useful then as now. It is not all ground that will hold a tent-pin securely when a wind-storm comes on. Deborah's song is a magnificent paean, but we must agree with Kitto that Jael's was a treacherous and cruel act.
The nails of ancient Egypt were usually of bronze.
Iron nails have mostly perished with rust.
The tools of the Tahitians, when first discovered, were made of stone, bone, shell, or wood.
They had no idea of metal.
When they first obtained nails, they mistook them for the young shoots of some very hard wood, and, hoping that life might not be quite extinct, planted a number of th