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The fact seems that there was not much gained, nor much to be gained on either side by fighting on such ground. It was irreverently said by an officer that both armies appeared to be bumping; bumping, to see which could bump the hardest! General Lee appears to have made up his mind much after this fashion; and, having failed to accomplish the object sought on our flank, he concluded to remain quiescent. General Grant did not choose to take the offensive. Our right and right-centre hadby a portion of the Fifth corps, and a battery which obtained position in the woods. Reconnoissances in the afternoon discovered that the main body of the enemy had fallen back some distance. The news of Torbert's successful engagement with Fitz Hugh Lee's cavalry at Todd's tavern, and the general success of our cavalry in clearing all roads to the front and left, was refreshingly told during the day. General Grant mounted one of his splendid horses at headquarters and made a partial tour
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 59. battles of Spottsylvania, Va: battle of Sunday, May 8, 1864. (search)
connected in turn with Warren, pushing his right across Po creek and seizing the Block House road, running from Parker's store to Spottsylvania Court-house. Hill's corps were discovered marching south, so that on Monday morning the entire army of Lee was again in our front. The artillery began at early dawn, and kept up a lazy firing, occasionally heightened to a combat, throughout the day. The position of our line was advanced and strengthened, from time to time, without a general battle. wo of other troops, Brigadier-General George H. Stuart in command. An unfortunate cheer from the second line of battle prevented the surprise from extending to other rebel troops, who were thus enabled to escape. Prisoners have declared that General Lee himself was within those works at the time, and narrowly escaped capture. Forty-two guns lying in the works, fell into our hands, of which eighteen were brought off with the prisoners. The attacking column pursued the enemy some distance a
Our operations have been entirely on the flank and rear of Lee's army; so much so that I have had no opportunity of sendingis division, having been driven back some five miles by Fitz Hugh Lee, and handled rather roughly. General Gregg, who never It was now decided to send the cavalry corps to the rear of Lee, cut his line of communication, destroy his supplies, and do column for a few minutes, when it was ascertained that Fitz Hugh Lee, with two brigades, was in the rear of us. The First Neing a regiment of Virginians, under Colonel Mumford, of Fitz Hugh Lee's division, before them. They then dismounted, set fireatest importance and magnitude. It will, doubtless, compel Lee's army to fall back upon Richmond, which is an event wholly e our cavalry were occupying the respective positions on General Lee's advance lines, where we had for several days been engad almost resolved our arm of the service into infantry. General Lee, following his successes, was closely pressing Grant dow
r, and a score or more of captains and lieutenants. Prisoners tell us that on Sunday night they were reinforced by three. brigades from Richmond, but whether from Lee's army or not we could not determine. Bragg and Jeff. Davis are positively asserted to have come from Richmond to be near Beauregard during the fight. Major Broe effective against the fortifications of Drury's Bluff, which, no doubt, are the key to Richmond on this side, as the reduction of them would open the river to Admiral Lee. For the last eight days, the army, when not at rest, has been mainly occupied in finishing up and enlarging the defences of this place. The principal work as established, about a mile and a half in length, and thanks to the never-tiring energy of colored soldiers, has been well fortified. Yesterday about noon, Fitz Hugh Lee, now Major-General and commanding the cavalry of the Confederate army, vice Stuart, killed by Sheridan's men, appeared before the place with thousands of the S
departure of Smith's corps information was received, through various sources, to the effect that part of the shattered remnants of Hood's army, viz., Cheatham's and Lee's corps, where on their way from Mississippi to South Carolina, moving via Selma and Montgomery, Alabama, to reinforce that portion of the enemy's army operating agn had captured Columbia, South Carolina, and was moving northward into North Carolina. About this period reports reached me of the possibility of the evacuation of Lee's army at Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia, and in that event, of his forcing a passage through East Tennessee via Lynchburg and Knoxville. To guard against that ial instructions, and not even in co-operation with General Sherman against Johnston; but, on the contrary, General Stoneman was dismantling the country to obstruct Lee's retreat, and General Wilson was moving independently in Georgia or co-operating with General Canby. Before I could come to any conclusion how I should proceed
nd Ohio, and parts of the Fifth New York, Second New Jersey, and several other regiments belonging to McIntosh's and Chapman's brigades. It is reported that Fitz Hugh Lee was killed in one of the engagements. The first information brought to headquarters of Wilson's position was by Captain Whittaker, of the First Connecticut, a if true, is the most conclusive testimony that could be asked as to the complete effectiveness of the raid. Prisoners captured near Reams' station states that General Lee had sworn that not a single raider should get back. He has evidently made stupendous efforts to make his oath good, for not a single crossing on the Weldon roaines with the Third cavalry division. There is considerable rejoicing over his return. The old Third division still lives, and will yet trouble the rebels. General Lee, in his violent rage, swore that not one should escape. The guns and wagons we can well afford to lose, in consideration of the irreparable damage done their r
, almost at the base of the Peaks of Otter. Thursday noon we entered Liberty, with bands playing Hail Columbia, Yankee Doodle, &c. Halting, the whole command proceeded to tear up and demolish the railroad, including a bridge seven hundred feet long. For seven miles the work is maintained, and night closed in upon a scene of smouldering timbers, ties, and hopelessly bent and twisted rails. In Liberty were five or six rebel hospitals, in which were a large number of sick and wounded from Lee's army. We learn here that the rebels are rapidly moving all their stores from Lynchburg to Danville, anticipating the at least possible capture of the former place. Early on the morning of the seventeenth, having heard from Averell that the enemy were drawn up in good number in front of him at New London, we marched Crook's division in advance, by a road not laid down on maps, along the north of the railroad, crossing at James Church. This movement tending to bring us in the rebel rear,
overed that a brigade of the rebels, under Fitz Hugh Lee, was defending Guinea bridge, over the Mat from doing this, but was not competent to draw Lee from his position. At this juncture up rode Gron his way to form connection on our right. If Lee has not already fallen back from Spottsylvania,g on the left of our front we would so threaten Lee's communications as to compel him to evacuate hn the very same night in which Hancock started, Lee began to withdraw. In the dead of night (one oo the generalship of our commander. It was not Lee but Grant who took the initiative, Lee would glfixed for 4:30 o'clock in the morning. Had General Lee, under these circumstances, emulated the cobels praise McClellan, they do not imitate him. Lee had his entire force north of the Chickahominy,h to say that the day would have been ours, and Lee pushed across the Chickahominy. Had we even knlete, and whatever may have been the purpose of Lee in this bold stroke it was signally foiled. Co[26 more...]
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore), headquarters Second corps., May 22-- (search)
headquarters Second corps., May 22--6 A. M. Up to this hour all is quiet. Warren has crossed the Po river at Guinea's bridge, on his way to form connection on our right. If Lee has not already fallen back from Spottsylvania, we shall soon, if successful in completing our lines, be in a position to cut him off from Richmond. This corps is already within a few miles of his direct line toward Hanover Junction. We can cut off his supplies from that point at pleasure, and compel him to fight us on ground of our own selection. It is just possible, however, that he may have taken the alarm yesterday and already given us the slip, by a timely retreat with the main body of his army.
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore), headquarters Army of the Potomac, South bank of the North Anna river, Wednesday, May 25-- (search)
these relations, a battle that would have effectually broken Lee's army would have placed us in the most advantageous positioChurch. But just in proportion as we stretched to the left, Lee extended his right to conform to our line, and intrenched hisimply massing on the left of our front we would so threaten Lee's communications as to compel him to evacuate his fortified ing their extreme left, shifted over to their extreme right, Lee began to look out for his lines of retreat. On Friday nighto enemy. On the very same night in which Hancock started, Lee began to withdraw. In the dead of night (one o'clock A. M. be done both cautiously and by a route somewhat circuitous. Lee, as we know by experience, is both vigilant and vigorous. TNorth Anna, north of which it was not deemed at all probable Lee would attempt to make a stand. From the first, however, it stream, and but from one to three miles south of it. Even if Lee should feel that he would eventually be compelled to sacrifi
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