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John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Preface (search)
his services were so vigorous and effective, that he must also be classed among the real heroes of that unequalled conflict. By his pen no less than by his official action, he exerted a tremendous influence upon both the men and the measures of his day. As field correspondent, and office assistant to Stanton, the great War Secretary, he was potent in deciding the fate of leading generals as well as in shaping the military policies of the Administration. With the possible exception of John A. Rawlins, Assistant Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff to General Grant, Dana exerted a greater influence over Grant's military career than any other man. It is perhaps well to add that while his family and his associates have put me in possession of many letters, documents, and clippings bearing on his public and private life, and have given me every possible assistance in the preparation of this work, I am solely responsible for its character and for the opinions which the reader will find
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 1: earlier years (search)
ractically mastered it, and his retentive memory never forgot it. Many years afterwards, during the siege of Vicksburg, he gave a striking illustration of the thoroughness with which he had learned this strange tongue and the tenacity with which he had retained it. Coming into camp one night after a hard day's ride, we found a strange officer at the camp-fire, Captain Ely S. Parker, a full-blooded and well-educated Seneca Indian, who had been recently detailed at headquarters to assist Colonel Rawlins and Captain Bowers in the growing work of the adjutant-general's department. Dana was duly introduced, but before taking off his side arms and making himself comfortable, he said to me, aside: I think I know that man's people, and if he is a Seneca, as I think he is, I can speak his language. What do you think he would do if I were to address him in his own tongue? As the gentleman was also a stranger to me, I could hardly venture an opinion, but as my own curiosity was aroused, I sa
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 11: War between the states (search)
Chapter 11: War between the states Dana at Washington Stanton Secretary of War course of the tribune Auditor of accounts at Cairo visits Memphis makes acquaintance of Grant and Rawlins The government, now in the throes of the great conflict, needed the services of every loyal man. The previous administration had been reinforced and encouraged by Black, Holt, and Stanton. These strong men had done much to revive the sinking spirits of the country, but as Stanton alone had foairo, in visiting the military camps, and in conferring with the leading generals. On July 4th he attended a celebration and dinner given by the officers at Memphis, where he had the pleasure of meeting, for the first time, General Grant and Major Rawlins, his adjutant-general. His impressions were favorable, for although he had heard Grant much discussed, and not always in the most complimentary terms, he had found him to be an exceedingly modest and unassuming man. Notwithstanding his great
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 12: eyes of the government (search)
of quadrupling the price of the great staple, had only doubled it. It is a matter of history that Grant hastened to put his personal views into effect within his own department, but, unfortunately, in doing so he acted against the advice of Rawlins, and couched his order in such terms as made it most objectionable to a class of traders who had influence enough with the President to secure from him an order countermanding the one issued by Grant. But before this was done Dana went to Washiant, the fate of that general would certainly depend upon the character of the reports which the special commissioner might send to Washington in regard to him. About that time I became inspector-general of Grant's army, and my relations with Rawlins, who was not only the adjutant-general but the actual chief of staff, were necessarily of the most intimate character. Headquarters were then at Milliken's Bend, and I was temporarily away, but the first night we got together we went over the e
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 13: Vicksburg campaign (search)
g, the difficulties with which it had been contending, and why it had so far gained no substantial advantage. As stated before, he became specially intimate with Rawlins and myself. As I was in touch with the various parts of the army, all its projects and movements, I was constantly on the go, and it was but natural that Dana shst battle of the campaign was fought near Port Gibson, and as McClernand, the senior general on the field, had behaved with his accustomed gallantry, it seemed to Rawlins and myself a suitable occasion for bringing about a rapprochement between Grant and him. To that end, I suggested that as McClernand had done well, it would be a ards the Big Black, Grant had resolved to ride into Grand Gulf with an escort and thus shorten his communications with the North. This he did the next day. Dana, Rawlins, and I accompanied him, and it was while we were at Grand Gulf that Grant first made known his determination to cut loose from his base as soon as his trains, now
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 14: siege and capture of Vicksburg (search)
rrespondent of the New York Herald at Grant's headquarters. Four Years at Grant's Headquarters, by S. Cadwallader (unpublished). But when it is remembered that it became the occasion of a very remarkable letter of remonstrance from Lieutenant-Colonel John A. Rawlins on June 6, 1863, to General Grant, the character and possible consequences of the incident will be better understood. Without repeating details, the subject may be dismissed with the statement that it complete Dana's knowledge of Gw, did Dana report them to Stanton. On the other hand, nothing can be more certain than that every circumstance connected with it became known at once to the leading officers of Grant's army. Of course Dana was privy to and heartily approved Rawlins's manly and patriotic letter as the most effective means of accomplishing the end it had in view. The letter was received in the spirit which dictated it, and for the time neutralized the danger against which it was directed. One cannot help r
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 15: generals and staff, army of the Tennessee (search)
1863) to Stanton, as follows: Lieutenant-Colonel Rawlins, Grant's assistant adjutant-general,ch a drop as long as it lasted. Grant thinks Rawlins a first-rate adjutant, but I think this is a clerical office of adjutant. It is true that Rawlins was without any technical training when he beal principles of the military art better than Rawlins did, nor can any one read his letters and pold Dana's attention been directed specially to Rawlins's merits in this direction, he would have proconversations throughout life with Dana about Rawlins, and know that I am doing neither injustice when I assert that Dana regarded Rawlins as one of the ablest as well as one of the most upright andame of Grant was compounded of both Grant and Rawlins in nearly equal parts. While one has becomeoned was Major Theodore S. Bowers, who became Rawlins's principal assistant early in the war and resition to another as vacancies occurred or as Rawlins himself was promoted. He was one of the most[3 more...]
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 16: Dana returns to Washington (search)
otomac. Before starting East he had discussed the suggestion with Rawlins and others as a possible consequence of Grant's great victories in. Still very feeble. I am sorry not to have been here when Colonel Rawlins was here the other day. At that time, however, I was at Westp the date of his commission — in vain. Remember me cordially to Rawlins and Bowers. Also to the general, who is, I trust, enduring with hon, notwithstanding the high character and market abilities of Colonel Rawlins, that he could not be regarded as technically a good adjutant- Grant had recommended and would probably secure the promotion for Rawlins which would make a vacancy that should be filled by the best availis wanted, or if the place is filled, all right. I have written Rawlins a note to warn him of a storm brewing against him. The complaint iit to the Secretary of War. Remember me kindly to the general, to Rawlins, and to Bowers. It will be observed that this letter contains
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 17: campaign of Chattanooga (search)
as accompanied in this ride by General Howard, as well as by Dana, Rawlins, Wilson, Bowers, Parker, and a few orderlies. Dana, who knew the clothes; Thomas, glum and silent, was sitting on the other, while Rawlins and the rest were scattered about in disorder. The situation was ook it in almost at a glance, and after a moment's conference with Rawlins, who had already begun to show his anger, I broke in with the remand never suspected any one else of being less so than himself; but Rawlins was alert and suspicious, and never forgot or forgave the incivilieadquarters several days later. It was then communicated to me by Rawlins and Dana in response to the appeal I was making at the time to secr instead of a great soldier, and it was well known at the time to Rawlins and myself that it produced the same effect upon Dana. With thesehe conferences in reference to the plans for the winter campaign. Rawlins and others gave their views, so that Dana, while carrying Grant's
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 18: Dana in the War Department (search)
r work supervision of army contractors Grant Lieutenant-General Rawlins chief of staff estimate of Lincoln Dana arrived at Washingtonmpleting arrangements for pushing the campaign in east Tennessee. Rawlins had gone North to be married. On December 21, 1863, at 6 P. M., Dgal bliss and the daily routine of clerical duty at his desk. Mrs. Rawlins I had no opportunity of seeing, but I hope she will add nothing I will tell you as a secret, which you may tell General Grant and Rawlins, that the affairs under charge of that officer are in a condition neral. They had all been as close to Grant as any one else except Rawlins, and as they knew the latter had absolute confidence in him, they t it. It should be remembered that a new office was created for Rawlins as well as for Grant. Hitherto he had been only Grant's adjutant-urely professional chief of staff could ever have been. In short, Rawlins was regarded as one with Grant — as an essential part of his great
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