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The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 33 1 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 5 1 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 12. 2 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman). You can also browse the collection for Charles William Eliot or search for Charles William Eliot in all documents.

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rom the vicinity of Mount Auburn to East Cambridge. Along the west side of Brattle Square ran a small creek, which curved southwestward through marshes, inclosing Eliot and South streets, and emptying into Charles River near the site of College Wharf. This creek, deepened and widened into a canal, furnished access to the Town fro Harvard Square. Among its earliest productions were Peirce's New England Almanack, and the Bay Psalm Book, and there was afterward printed that monument of labor, Eliot's Indian Bible. The complaints of insufficient land led to extensive grants of territory, until from 1644 to 1655 Cambridge attained enormous dimensions, includen and red men were friendly. In 1644, these Mystic Indians voluntarily put themselves under the protection and jurisdiction of the English government at Boston. Eliot's first sermon to the Indians was preached in 1646 at Nonantum, south of Charles River, and at that time within the limits of Cambridge. More than 1000 Indians in
In 1882, a fine bronze statue of John Bridge, in Puritan costume, one of the most prominent of the early settlers of the town, selectman from 1635 to 1652, and representative for several terms in the General Court, and deacon of the First Church, was presented to the city by his descendant, Samuel J. Bridge, and erected in the northeasterly corner of the Common. It was dedicated November 28, after an interesting address by Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson and remarks by the mayor, President Eliot, and General Charles Devens. Each Memorial Day finds a large concourse assembled around the soldiers' monument with the members of the various posts of the Grand Army, to listen to eulogy and song, while the early flowers of spring are liberally strewed about it. As the throng passes from this interesting spot, the question is often asked: What is the history of these cannon that are grouped around the monument? These three huge war-dogs came into the possession of the city by a vot
e selected as architects. Ground was broken for the library on May 1, 1888, and on June 29, 1889, the keys of the building were transferred to the city government. The exercises of the dedication were held in the main hall-way of the building, and consisted of music; prayer by Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D. D.; presentation of deed of gift, by Francis J. Parker; acceptance of the same by the mayor, Hon. Henry H. Gilmore; remarks by Hon. S. L. Montague, president of the board of trustees, Charles W. Eliot, president of Harvard University, Samuel S. Green, librarian of the Worcester Public Library, and Thomas Wentworth Higginson. The building is of the Romanesque style of southern France, with exterior of Dedham stone, and dark sandstone trimmings. It has two divisions, one, partially fireproof, devoted to the convenience of the public, with waiting-hall, reading-room, reference library, and memorial and administrative rooms; the other division is for the storage of the books, and is
upon the one issue raised; (7) Hard work,—work as if one vote might decide the question. 9. Leaving now the resume which I have given of the most distinctive movement, in civic directions, which has marked our city from 1886 until this present, a few words require to be added about the relation of all this to the larger life of Cambridge. Let no man, then, suppose that there has been anything fanatical about this movement. It has been eminently rational, sane, and practical. When President Eliot, addressing an immense audience in Union Hall two or three years since, stated how radically in temperance theory he differed probably from most of those present, but proceeded to testify that he had for several years voted No, and was about to do so again, partly because a license policy could not, in the present temper of the city, be enforced, but more because the city had been educated up to the point where it could do without the saloon, he gave to our movement the highest praise,
lt of such endeavors; that parks will not wear out, that though bridges, public buildings, water-works, sewers, and pavements must be replaced, earth work, as President Eliot has well said, is the most permanent of all the works of men. They have known what breathing-space means to the people, to hard-working men, to weary motherd a few trees planted with little consideration of the whole effect, we are to have, under the wise direction of the noted landscape architects, Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, plots which shall be, for all, true retreats from the busy hum of city life. On Broadway Common this process of change may first be watched. Of this proposed improvement Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot say: This small public ground contains two and six tenths acres. At the present time it is so cut up by cross-paths that its appearance is ruined. Neither is its present arrangement well adapted to serve the comfort of the women, children, and babies who frequent the place in summer. The plan
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman), Harvard University in its relations to the city of Cambridge. (search)
Harvard University in its relations to the city of Cambridge. Charles William Eliot, Ll. D., President. The President and Fellows of Harvard College own at present (April, 1896) 82 364/1000 acres of land within the limits of the city of Cambridge, the total present area of the city, according to Paige, the historian of Cambridge, being about four and one-half square miles (2880 acres). The land now held by the President and Fellows has been acquired as a result of 107 separate negotiations, extending from 1638 to the present day. The following table shows the nature of these transactions; but in this table no account is made of transactions which did not relate to land now in possession of the university— 54separate purchases. 7separate re-purchases of land previously sold by the University. 8separate devises and gifts. 1gift or purchase (Bradish lot on Holyoke Street,—mode of acquisition uncertain). 25separate sales. 4separate sales of land, the whole or part of which w
d to pray. While there was irreverence sometimes, and though the Doctor was occasionally warned by a knocking on the pews if he prayed too long, yet the great body of the young men were reverent, and many of them entered devoutly into the service. Two things at least were impressive and affected the lives of the students, —the daily contact with the simple and pure character of Dr. Peabody and the hearty singing of the closing hymn. With the development of the elective system under President Eliot, the larger freedom in discipline and the greater maturity of the students, the old religious system gradually became discordant with the prevailing note of college life. Religious institutions are conservative. It was natural therefore that the proposition of a new method should make its way slowly into the confidence of the officers of the college and of the community. Formerly studies, recitations, and prayers had been considered as duties. Under the new regime, elective stud
services that they can render or not, without in any way interfering with their first obligations to the university. I am very truly yours, Arthur Gilman. President Eliot. The writer of the letter had a few weeks previously explained the plan to a member of the faculty, Professor James B. Greenough, because he was a neighbooman for instruction of the college grade. The favorable reception of the scheme by Professor Greenough was immediate and enthusiastic, and the permission of President Eliot was also given at once. The president called at my home the morning after the date of the letter, and expressed willingness that the experiment should be tried, for all felt that it was an experiment to graft the education of women upon the stock of a university nearly two centuries and a half of age. Mr. Eliot, like many others, thought it well worth effort. He was told that it was to be tried by a few ladies who were quite unorganized, so that if failure should be the result, Harvar
their classes is marked. So great is the interest in the Prospect Union on the part of the university that there is no difficulty in finding a plenty of college men to lend their aid, and these students are among the men of highest rank in scholarship and of prominence in other respects in the university. The weekly meeting of the Union is held on Wednesday evening. At this time there is usually a lecture, often by some member of the Harvard Faculty. Lectures have been delivered by President Eliot, Professors Charles Eliot Norton, Francis G. Peabody, W. W. Goodwin, F. W. Taussig, A. B. Hart, G. H. Palmer, and many other members of the Harvard Faculty; also by Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, Mr. John Graham Brooks, Rt. Rev. J. H. Vincent, Mr. John Fiske, Dean George Hodges, Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, Mrs. Lucy Stone, Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer, Miss Vida D. Scudder, Rev. Dr. Lyman Abbott, Rev. Dr. Washington Gladden, etc., etc. The lecturers, like the teac
st unique, perhaps, is the colonial Club, which combines both town and gown; for the professor in the university and the business man of the city are included in its membership. This club was organized in 1890 by J. J. Myers (its promoter), Charles W. Eliot, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry H. Gilmore, Alvin F. Sortwell, J. G. Thorp, Chester W. Kingsley, Henry P. Walcott, William A. Munroe, Charles J. Mclntire, Daniel U. Chamberlin, Edmund Reardon, and Edmund A. Whitman. The Henry James hou assembly hall, bedrooms, billiard-rooms, and bowling-alleys. The membership of the club is about four hundred, and comprises a most representative array of men. Its past presidents include Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 1890-93, and Charles W. Eliot, 1893-95. Its present secretary and treasurer have served continuously since the first organization. The purpose of the club is not merely to provide the usual place for reading-rooms and social intercourse, but to bring the men of the var