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d there was afterward printed that monument of labor, Eliot's Indian Bible. The complaints of insufficient land led to extensive grants of territory, until from 1644 to 1655 Cambridge attained enormous dimensions, including the whole areas of Brighton and Newton on the south side of the river, and on the other hand in a northwesterly direction the whole or large parts of Arlington, Lexington, Bedford, and Billerica. In 1655, this vast area was first curtailed by cutting off the parts beyond dge, for which the name Arlington was substituted in 1867. After 1779, the territory remaining on the south side of Charles River was known as the Third Parish, or Little Cambridge, until 1807, when it became a separate town under the name of Brighton. In 1873, Brighton was annexed to Boston. It was in the natural course of things that these outlying districts should with increase of population become organized at first into independent parishes and afterward into separate towns. In 1650
educed in area. During the period which we are considering it was to be still further curtailed by the incorporation of Brighton and West Cambridge as separate townships, while as a slight compensation the area along the river west of Sparks Street e Mother Country. A separate church was founded in the precinct in 1783, and the parish was incorporated as the town of Brighton, February 24, 1807. Three days thereafter West Cambridge was incorporated as an independent township. The act under whintil 1779 that an estate was secured by the town for a poorhouse. This property, which stood at the northeast corner of Brighton and South streets, was sold in 1786, and about five acres lying at the southwest corner of North Avenue and Cedar Streetnd canals, all were directly in that interest. The population in 1790 was 2115. In 1810, notwithstanding the fact that Brighton and West Cambridge had in the mean time been set off, the census showed 2323 inhabitants. In 1840, there were 8409, and
Near this is the prominent Vassall monument, with the figures of a vase and the sun, the armorial bearings of the family. Near by is the ancient mutilated milestone, first placed near the Old Court House, in the present Harvard Square, in 1734, on which is cut 8 miles to Boston, the above date, and the initials A. I., of him who cut and first placed it. This directed travelers the way to Boston through Roxbury, over the only bridge that then crossed Charles River, to Little Cambridge, now Brighton. The above initials are explained on a headstone near by: Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Abraham Ireland, who departed this life January 24th, 1753, in ye 81st year of his age. Pray God to give grace—To fly to Christ—To prepare for Eternity. In 1870, the city erected a simple but appropriate monument to mark the place of burial of a few of the Cambridge Minute-Men, killed April 19, 1775. On the occasion of its dedication, November 3, 1870, Rev. Dr. McKenzie delivered a very interesti
ld was arousing the country by his marvelous preaching. In 1740 he came here, and saw many things which displeased him. The college faculty published a pamphlet in reply to his charges, and he modified some of them. He became a friend of the college, and was of service in procuring books for the library. There was still further attempt to reduce the church. In 1732 Menotomy was made a precinct by itself, and in 1739 a church was formed there. From 1747 to 1749 the people in what is now Brighton were seeking to be made a separate religious precinct. This was stoutly resisted, but in 1779 the separate precinct was incorporated, and authorized to settle a minister of its own, and in 1783 a new church was formed. But the great event of Dr. Appleton's ministry was the Revolution and the beginning of the republic. Cambridge had a conspicuous share in all this work of patriotism. The church had its part in the town and for the country, as from the beginning. The lands of the churc
on there were but nineteen institutions of the kind in the State. The original incorporators were William J. Whipple, William Hilliard, and Levi Farwell, and at a meeting of these gentlemen held in Mr. Hilliard's office on the southerly side of Brighton (now Boylston) Street, October 27, 1834, their number was increased to nine by electing Eliab W. Metcalf, Abel Willard, William Watriss, William Brown, John B. Dana, and Charles C. Little. At a meeting held November 17, 1834, at the Charles Rivde by the people of Cambridge that the accommodations furnished by the Cambridge Railway were insufficient; this culminated in the incorporation of the Charles River Railroad in 1881. Tracks were laid by this company from Harvard Square through Brighton (now Boylston), Mount Auburn streets, Putnam Avenue, and Green Street to Central Square, Main, Columbia, and Hampshire streets to the junction of the tracks of the Cambridge Railway on Broadway, the latter company having refused them the right t
med at, 23. Library. See Public Library. Life in Cambridge Town, 35-42. Literary Life in Cambridge, 67-71. Little Cambridge, 9. See Third Parish and Brighton. Longfellow, H. W., 69, 70. Longfellow Garden, the, 69. Longfellow Memorial Association, property exempt from taxation, 320. Lovering, Professor, 76., 15; opposition, 14, 15; compromises, 15; new petition and counter-petition, 16; the precinct incorporated, 16; a church founded 16; incorporated as the town of Brighton, 16. See Brighton. Thompson, Benjamin (Count Rumford), Toll bridges, 29. Tory Row, 28. Town, body of, 16. Town boys and Wells boys, 38. Town churchBrighton. Thompson, Benjamin (Count Rumford), Toll bridges, 29. Tory Row, 28. Town, body of, 16. Town boys and Wells boys, 38. Town church. See First Parish. Town-house, location, 31. Town, traces of English method of forming, in Cambridge, 4. Travel between Boston and Cambridge, 400. Treadwell, Prof. Daniel, 73. Treasurer, City, 402. Trowbridge, Prof. John, 77. Trustees of Cambridge Public Library, 403. Uniform Rank Garnett Division, K. of P