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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 45: an antislavery policy.—the Trent case.—Theories of reconstruction.—confiscation.—the session of 1861-1862. (search)
and abroad think it will be separation. I think the latter, under my resolutions or something like. The confiscation bill consumed a large part of the time of Congress during the session. It was a new field of legislation; and there was great perplexity in determining the source and extent of the power of Congress. It was a period when the most intelligent and foresighted were groping their way as well on points of expediency as of legality. Congress on the last day of the session (July 17) passed a comprehensive act confiscating the real and personal estate of rebels and emancipating their slaves. The same act, and another act concerning the militia which passed the same day, authorized the President to employ persons of African descent for the suppression of the rebellion in such manner as he might judge best, in any military or naval service. Sumner had no hesitation as to the power of Congress, which, as he argued, combined in the event of rebellion and war both right
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
although the history of the next four years proved the selection to have been an unfortunate one. In the change from Hamlin to Johnson, Sumner took no part whatever. While always ready for contests which concerned principles and policies, he had no taste for those which concerned only the individual or sectional claims of candidates. No urgency of persuasion would have moved him to leave his seat in the Senate in order to attend a national political convention. Sumner arrived at home, July 17. He passed a week early in August with Longfellow at Nahant, where the air, the breeze, the sea were kindly, and where on the piazza they read together Tennyson's last volume, Enoch Arden, enjoying it more than air or breeze or sea. Later in the month he was for a few days at Newport. At a dinner at William Beach Lawrence's he met Lord Airlie, who recorded in his diary Sumner's remarks on the speeches of English statesmen, our Civil War, and other topics,—extracts from which, without
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 51: reconstruction under Johnson's policy.—the fourteenth amendment to the constitution.—defeat of equal suffrage for the District of Columbia, and for Colorado, Nebraska, and Tennessee.—fundamental conditions.— proposed trial of Jefferson Davis.—the neutrality acts. —Stockton's claim as a senator.—tributes to public men. —consolidation of the statutes.—excessive labor.— address on Johnson's Policy.—his mother's death.—his marriage.—1865-1866. (search)
, and Feb. 6, 1868 (Globe, pp. 731, 767, 848. 1006-1011), and at the international health congress at Constantinople, April 11, 1866 (Globe, p. 1883); a survey of the Isthmus of Darien with a view to a ship canal, July 25, 1866 (Works, vol. x. pp. 500, 501); a ship canal at Niagara, independent of State assent, June 28 (Works, vol. x. pp. 475-478): a submarine cable at Behring Strait, February 21 (Globe, p. 953); more intimate relations with the Sandwich Islands by a direct mail service. July 17 (Works, vol. x. pp 486-489); exclusion of criminals pardoned by foreign governments on condition of emigrating to the United States, March 19 (Globe. pp. 1492, 1493); claims or compensation of persons connected with the foreign service of the government, March 15 and 16, May 16. July 2 and 3 Globe, pp. 1421, 1439, 1443, 2615, 2621, 3523, 3549): the mission to Portugal. July 20 (Globe. pp. 3952-3954); the editing of the Confederate archives. May 24 (Works, vol. x. pp. 464-467); the pur
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 52: Tenure-of-office act.—equal suffrage in the District of Columbia, in new states, in territories, and in reconstructed states.—schools and homesteads for the Freedmen.—purchase of Alaska and of St. Thomas.—death of Sir Frederick Bruce.—Sumner on Fessenden and Edmunds.—the prophetic voices.—lecture tour in the West.—are we a nation?1866-1867. (search)
ks, vol. XI. pp. 356-360. Immediately after, Conkling, a partisan of the rule, endeavored to introduce a resolution to enable a young man to enter the Naval Academy, when Sumner, to the amusement of the Senate, reminded that senator that while he had insisted on the rule against a bill to confer rights upon a whole race, he now asked to have it set aside for a bill to confer a right upon one young man. July 12, Congressional Globe, p. 615. Sumner aided Conkling's bill a few days later. July 17, Globe, p. 701. Sumner carried at this time a bill to prevent exclusions from office and juries in the District of Columbia on account of race or color. Works, vol. XI. pp. 414-417. It passed the House, but did not become a law for want of the President's signature. Twice, at the next session, when carried at his instance, it met the same fate; Dec. 5, 12, 1867; Jan. 7, 24: Feb. 24, 1868; Congressional Globe, pp. 38, 151, 344– 346, 720, 1373; Feb. 11, 1869, Globe, p. 1080. He had